Sports Management – How to Start a Blissful Career in 2021?

A career in Sports Management is a valuable and reasonable job option for anyone who is an avid sports fan or a sports player to fulfill his passion. The onset of sports leagues and sports tournaments has lead to the rise in demand for persons interested in sports careers or who want to learn about sports management. This has provided all the sports aspirants of today an opportunity to realize their dream jobs like a career in sports management.

As the rise in popularity in sports all over the world has been rewarded with billions of dollars in investment annually, a career in sports management has become more lucrative and rewarding for those with a sports management degree.

What Is Sports Management

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Sports management like any management consists of a combination of tasks that involves planning, organizing, directing, controlling, budgeting, leading, and evaluating in an organization or department related to sports.

Sports Management focuses on the business and administration of sports. You will find people who run the show behind the scenes- from organizing matches, monitoring team finances, negotiating contracts of sportsmen, and managing key aspects related to the business and governance of sports at all levels.

Thus there are many roles you can fulfill in sports after you start your career in the sports industry.

Why do we need a career in Sports Management?


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A career in sports management offers you plenty of excitement and high-paying salaries. Also a high-growth career path. Here are a good few reasons why you should consider pursuing a career in sports management after the 12th.

  • Greater Career options

Sports management as its definition suggests is much broader and vast than the role of a Sports agent. Graduates of sports management programs enjoy vast amounts of career opportunities at professional sports organizations, private companies, and non-profit organizations. Their roles are as diverse as handling marketing for their organizations to advising athletes on social media to event management for sports organizations. You have a lot of opportunities to try a variety of roles before you commit to a career path.

  • Help sportsmen to make an impact in a community

Sports managers help many professional sportsmen to identify service opportunities in their community and coordinate community appearances. Some sports management professionals also work as consultants to these sportsmen who want to make a difference.

  • Turn your Passion for Sports into a career

If you are passionate about sports, you can take part in behind-the-scenes activities. You will find that working in sports management offers many challenges than playing as a sportsman. You will also enjoy working in one of the most vibrant and fun-filled industries in the world. After all, sports is not just entertainment it is your passion.

  • Offers you to work with High-Profile clients

You have an opportunity to work with the greatest stars in sports. Those stars who you only dreamt of taking an autograph. Now you can organize charity events with these celebrity sports stars whose names can draw attention to important causes. You will always find yourself surrounded by these high-profile clients who are at the top of the game.

  • Gain vast experience in the Business world

A career in sports management will help you gain vast experience in the professional world. You will gain skills that will help you in making your career in other industries also in case you want to shift. In sports management, you have an opportunity to refine your communication skills, finance, and people skills. You can build a portfolio of your achievements that will demonstrate your ability to get results. Being a highly competitive field, sports management can help you gain experience in working in industries under high pressure.

 Job Profiles in Sports Management 

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A career in sports management can help you bridge the gap between your talent and passion to help you grow in your career. Since sports management focuses on the business and administration side of sports, your job profiles and job responsibilities are related to these areas.

Here is a closer look at some of the Jobs in sports management along with the Job responsibilities and Expected salary they can get in these profiles.

  • Sports Agent

From legal to PR to financial representatives, they represent sports figures and procure sources of employment and endorsements for them.

  • The expected Salary Range for sports agents would be between INR Rs 25,000-70,000 per month.
  • Sports Information Director

The role of the Sports Information Director is similar to that of a PR representative. They provide statistics, team, and player notes, and other information for colleges or university sports teams.

  • Expected salary package for an experienced professional ranges between INR 40,000 -70,000 per month.
  • Sports Marketing Managers

They promote sporting events, teams and players, market services and products endorsed by sportsmen through campaigns.

  • The expected salary package falls between INR 50,000 to 80,000 per month.
  • Sports Lecturers

Their job responsibilities range from teaching sports to conducting education tests, sports lectureship involving teaching within and outside the classroom settings, donning the role of coach, and supervising after-school sports activities.

  • The expected salary package ranges between INR 15,000 – 39,000.
  • Sports Event Managers

Their Job responsibilities include organizing a sports team’s social gathering to an international sports event.

  • The expected salary package is around INR 36,000 per month and increases with experience.       
  • Sports Statisticians

The primary duty of sports statisticians is to analyze data related to sports outcomes, keep track of the latest trends in the industry, and record statistics as they occur, prepare final statistics for a financial report and enter computer data.

  • The expected salary is around INR 40,000 for this role.
  • Sports Psychologists

They play an extremely important role in the sports industry by acting as a counselor to the sportsmen. They build confidence among the players after a poor performance or an injury in the field.

  • The expected starting salary is around INR 15,000 per month and increases with experience.
  • Sports Physiotherapists

They offer advice to sportsmen on how to avoid injuries in the field, treat injuries, and help players to recover fast.

  • The expected starting salary for this role is around INR 15,000.

How to Start a Career in Sports Management

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You must always opt for a bachelor’s degree in sports management irrespective of your educational background in high school. You must have an aptitude for sports management. Indeed a commerce background has its advantages as it equips you with a certain understanding of business, accounts, and finance-related aspects of sports management.

Having a master’s degree in sports management is even better. Alternatively, an MBA in sports management is another tremendous boost for aspirants seeking a career in sports management.

How to choose a right Sports management college

It is essential for you to find out which college or institute is right for you. You can do this by visiting the college alumni or through student reviews. You must do this inquiry based on the course you apply for. Once you find the college the right college, you can start applying.

World’s Top 5 Sports Management Colleges 2020

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  • Rice University

Set up in the heart of Houston, Texas, Rice University has famous alumni consisting of sports industry workers from various sports organizations. The student-led Rice sports business society helps students learn about sports management and connects them with jobs in the sports industry. The entire society is dedicated to helping students to learn about sports management and securing its students with jobs in the sports industry,

  • Syracuse University

           Syracuse University is a private university located in Syracuse, New York. You will explore a variety of cool curriculums at Syracuse. Classes include The super Bowl, Sports Culture and Entertainments, Olympic Odyssey, Psycho-Social issues in sport, and Los Angeles immersion. Students at Syracuse work with the latest technology, including live game-day production in the Milton Conrad Technology Lab. Part of the degree requires you to work for at least 540 hours at a sports company. Sports management majors also get a chance to take trips abroad to places like Florence, London, and Madrid to tour stadiums. work with teams and experience sports on a global playing field.

  • The University of California, Los Angeles(UCLA)

         UCLA is just a few steps away from some of the most iconic sports teams to ever exist like the Clippers, Lakers, Rams, Chargers, Dodgers, and so on.UCLA is every sports lover’s heaven. The Anderson School for media entertainment and sports gives students the chance to engage in real-world scenarios.UCLA partners with the international soccer team, Real Madrid to provide a sports experience like no other. Entertainment and sports conferences, sports business career night, Los Angeles and New york treks, alumni mentoring programs, and student organizations such as Anderson Media thrive at UCLA. Students can even hear overviews of the real business environment from sports industry workers during on-campus workshops.

  • Wichita University

       Wichita State University has been accredited by the commission of sports management accreditation(COSMA). It is one of the 54 universities in the world to receive this accreditation. The school offers an undergraduate and graduate program to pursue the sports management dream. The students land jobs with the Dallas Stars Hockey Club, Denver Nuggets, NCAA, Kansas City Chiefs, and more.

  • University of Michigan

At the University of Michigan(UM), students prepare for the wide world of sports through a unique sports curriculum. UM’s curriculum explores business and ethical impacts in the sports industry with hands-on projects and case studies. There are five reasons why you should join the sports program of UM– networking, internships, faculty,student-run sports organizations, and graduation job success. Students get an opportunity to involve themselves in student-run organizations like Michigan Sports Analytics Society, The Michigan Sports Business Conference and Michigan Women empowerment in sport and entertainment organization. It is no surprise that the students get placement in NHL, MLB, NBA, NCAA, and Nike.

Sports Industry in India

In India, a third-world nation, sports as a career option is regarded as a glimmer of hope for those who want to turn this passion of sports into a career. Globally, sports is one of the largest industries in terms of employment and revenue generation. The Indian sports industry which currently contributes 0.01-0.05% of its GDP is not far behind the European sports market in terms of investments and money flow. The Indian Sports industry is growing at a rapid pace and has earned US$1 Billion BY 2017.

This upsurge in Investments and foreign interests have made a career in sports one of the most promising careers in India. The Indian Premier League currently generates employment for about 15,000 people. The sports goods market reached Rs 30,400 crores by the end of 2018. The Indian Sports Industry is expected to reach $10 Billion within the next 5-7 years.

Some of the career options in Sports management include Sports Marketing which rose by 14% in 2018, Sports Events, Sports Journalism, Sports Sponsorship, Sports Technology, Sports merchandising, and Sports Entrepreneurship to name a few.

In Football, Indian participation and viewership grew by a whopping 64% since India hosted the U17 World cup. India currently hosts 15 domestic leagues like Pro Badminton League, Ultimate Table Tennis, and recently the Pro Volleyball League.

Some other interesting insights from the sports industry reveal that in 2016 the viewership of IPL rose to 110 million from 40 million in 2017 as Star bought the digital rights of IPL. Cricbuzz, an online platform owned by The Times Group recorded a 40% jump in viewership where the website had 30 Billion page views and 24 Billion minutes spent by the readers.

Top Sports Management Colleges in India

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Like every Industry, Sports need a management team to operate. The market is evolving in sports and there are lots of opportunities for those who seek a career in sports in India. Here are a few of the top institutes in India which provide a degree in sports management to assist you in starting your career in the Sports Industry.

      1) International Institute of Sports Management, Mumbai

The International Institute of Sports Management was started by Mr. Nilesh Kulkarni, former Indian Cricketer in 2010 to create sports management professionals in the Indian sports Industry. The college is associated with Mumbai University and offers three unique courses in Bachelor in Sports Management (3 years). Masters of Sports Management (2 years)  and Post Graduate Diploma in Sports Management (1 year).

Students completing their sports management course from IISM are placed for internships and jobs in companies like BCCI, MCA, IMG Reliance, Star Sports, IPL, Aditya Birla Sports, Tata Trusts, Edu Sports, Tamil Thalaivaa, Sportz Interactive SportzConsult, and many more.

Website Link: IISM


      2) MBA ESG, Bengaluru

  BA ESG is known to be one of the premier institutes in Europe which has opened its branch in Bengaluru, India. The students travel to Paris, France after the 2-year course completion for an exposure trip where they have the opportunity to get placed. Some of the corporate assignments undertaken by the students of this institute after completing their program are in companies like Eurosport, Evian Resort, Havas Media France, Ligue Nationale de Basketball, Nike UK, Loge, PSG Merchandising, and many more.

Website Link: MBA ESG 

      3) Global Institute of Sports Business, Mumbai

    The Global Institute of Sports Business was set up by an industry stalwart, Gaurav Modwel, CEO of Pune City, which focuses on the business of sport. Starting from this year, GISB received a good response from all over the country as they have commendable connections with the biggest names of the industry. The course spans for a year in which the students get an opportunity to visit England on an exposure trip. GISB guarantees 3 months internships for all students and has established platforms and programs to facilitate and support job placement.

Website Link: GISB India

      4)  Symbiosis School of Sports Science, Pune

     The Symbiosis School of Sports Science offers an MBA in Sports Management spanning for 2 years. Being a reputed institute in India, the degree is well valued and the course offers various interesting opportunities to the young aspirants. The college falls under Symbiosis University and has a unique course structure designed for sports enthusiasts. Students In symbiosis university are trained to master skills in sports management courses like  Strategic Sports, Event Management, Sports Analytics, Sports Marketing, Sports Governance, Sports Science, Legal aspects of sports, media management, project management, Human resource management, managing sports facility, sports economics and many more. Also, students are exposed to wider options in different sectors of this dynamic industry with the help of projects & summer internships.

Website Link:  Symbiosis School of Sports Sciences

      5) National Sports University, Manipur

       The year 2018 marked a huge step taken by the government in the field of Sports. Hon. Prime Minister Narendra Modi laid the foundation for the National Sports University which is the first University in India completely dedicated to sports. Its eligibility criteria are heavily dependent on individual sports achievements and they have unique courses related to sports science, sports management, and coaching. The campus covers a huge area of 168 acres and has the best facilities for its students.NSU has an established placement cell that functions as a link between various Industries, sports organizations, sports clubs, sports leagues, government, and non-government organizations, to create opportunities for internships and placements of the students.

Website Link: National Sports University

As per the reports before the pandemic, It is expected that the sports industry will grow at a rate of 35-40% in the coming years, so, when proper management meets sports and passion meets perseverance, it is well comprehended that the future is bright for Indians in Sports.

The Future of Sports Management in India

With cities like Delhi, Mumbai, Pune, Hyderabad, Bangalore, Noida, offering world-class sports facilities, the sports management companies are making a beeline to India to offer their services. This has raised the demand for well-trained professionals.

With 52 official National sports federations and the governing bodies looking for sports management professionals, a career in Sports management is taking a great leap forward. More sports management companies like Puma, Adidas, Nike, and Reebok are entering the Indian marketing and recruiting sports profession.

If you are a die-hard sports fan and if you think you have that extra thing in you then go ahead and join the Sports Industry which still is in its infant stage but growing rapidly.

Real Estate Agent – How to build it into an exciting career in 2021?

Before moving straight into the Career as Real Estate Agent, we should know the Real estate definition to understand the concept of Real Estate.

What Is Real Estate?

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Real Estate is real property that consists of land and anything built on it like buildings, fixtures, roads, structures, and utility systems. Property rights give a title of ownership to the land, improvements, and natural resources such as minerals, plants, animals, water, etc.

Types of Real Estate

There are several types of real estate, each with a unique purpose and utility. The main categories are:

  1. Land
  2. Residential
  3. Commercial
  4. Industrial
  • Land

The land is the baseline for all types of real property. Land typically refers to undeveloped property and vacant land. Developers acquire land and build structures upon it.

  • Residential

Residential real estate consists of housing for individuals, families, or groups of people. Within residential, there are single-family homes, apartments, condominiums, townhouses, and other types of living arrangements.

  • Commercial

Commercial property refers to land and buildings that are used by businesses to carry out their operations. Examples include shopping malls, Cinema halls, office buildings, parking lots, hospitals, and hotels.  

  • Industrial

Industrial real estate refers to lands and buildings that are used for industrial businesses. These include factories, mechanical productions, research and development, construction, transportation, logistics, and warehousing. 

Is Real Estate Investing a Safe Bet now?

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Real Estate has been historically considered to be attractive for investors. In fact, real estate is considered the hottest investment avenue. You have the flexibility to invest in real estate either for your own or investment purposes.

There are a lot of benefits to investing in Real Estate.

  1. Large Returns
  2. Assured Regular Income

Today many people are investing in real estate and it has become a popular trend. 

Real Estate In India

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The real estate sector in India is expected to reach a market size of US $1 trillion by 2030 from US$ 12O Billion in 2017. It is predicted to contribute 13% of the country’s GDP by 2025 that is the US $650 billion.

Retail, hospitality, healthcare, education, and commercial real estate are also growing significantly, providing the much-needed infrastructure for India’s growing needs.

Growth in ITeS / IT, Consulting, and Manufacturing Sectors are driving the requirements for Office Spaces. Office Leasing Space reached 60 MSF across eight major cities, registering a growth of 27 %. Office Sector Demand with Commercial Leasing activity reached 70 MSF in 2019.

Growth in sectors like education, healthcare, E-commerce, and logistics has increased the demand for Real estate.

The co-living market size across India’s top 30 countries is expected to grow more than double to reach 13.92  billion US  dollars by 2025.

Across 7 Major cities, Housing Sales reached 2.61 Lakhs Units.

As per the data of the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade Policy (DPIIT), Construction is the 4th Largest sector in terms of FDI Inflow.

Real estate in India is expected to attract more non-resident Indian(NRI) investment, both in the short term and the long term. The Indian real estate attracted private equity investments worth 5 billion US$.in 2020.

Bangalore is the most favored destination for NRIs, followed by Ahmedabad, Pune, Chennai, Goa, Delhi, and Dehradun. 

What are the Skills required to join Real Estate 

Most of the people working in Real Estate have some skills in common.

  • Enjoy Networking with others
  • Interest in visiting Real Estate sites
  • Continually build new skills
  • Entrepreneur Skills

Why should you Join Real Estate

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Real Estate Agent is a rewarding career. Real Estate Agents can earn a good income with high incentives with unlimited growth potential. Real estate provides you with tremendous growth opportunities. Also, working as  Real Estate Agent provides you with a stable career. It is good to work and help people to find their dream homes. Working as a Real estate agent provides you that opportunity. Also, you can choose your time to work.

Let’s explore how the industry works and what the major jobs and careers are. The real estate industry can be divided into several different areas:

  1. Developers
  2. Sales and marketing
  3. Brokerage
  4. Property management
  5. Lending
  6. Professional services (law, accounting, etc.)

 Real Estate Agent Job Profiles

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If you are looking to get a job as a Real Estate Agent, you will have to do your research first as there are a wide range of career options associated with the real estate industry.

Here are some of the real estate careers other than Real Estate Agents with their job description, salary, and requirements to make choosing the right career path easier.

1) Real Estate Investor

Becoming a real estate investor is the most rewarding career in real estate! Real estate investors are those who buy properties or land, try to maximize their profits, and then sell their investments. 

A real estate investor (a successful one, that is) understands when and where to buy investment properties. This requires them to have extensive knowledge in the real estate market to start making money. Buying blindly puts you at risk of losing your cash and investment. While there is no set salary for this job, the average annual salary for a real estate investor in the US is $124K, according to ZipRecruiter.

2)) Real Estate Agent

Getting a job in real estate as an agent is one of the best and most common real estate careers. Real estate agents or Property agents help people sell or buy properties. Meaning, you can either be a buyers’ agent or a sellers’ agent. You can also be either a residential or a commercial agent:

  • Residential Real estate agent:

Residential real estate agents facilitate the home buying process between sellers and buyers. You can be even more specialized by focusing on specific kinds of property like single-family homes, condos, luxury homes, vacation homes, or foreclosures. You’ll need a license to become a residential real estate agent, but your success depends on how well you meet your clients’ needs.

  • Commercial Real Estate Agent

Commercial real estate agents are similar to residential agents, but they work in the commercial sector of the real estate industry. Instead of houses,

Commercial real estate agents sell properties to businesses. Moreover, this type of real estate career requires you to have analytical knowledge in business and finance. This is because commercial agents work with data like gross rent multipliers, capitalization rates, and internal rates of return. Regarding their salaries, both residential and commercial real estate agents work on commission. So, they make a percentage of the amount of real estate property in the transaction. However, according to the National Association of Realtors® (NAR), commercial real estate agents earn twice as much as residential agents.

  • Real Estate Broker

Brokers have the option to work either independently or to start their own brokerage. If you have an entrepreneurial drive, consider a career in real estate as a broker. Depending on your state’s requirements, you must spend 1 – 3 years working as a real estate agent first before you can apply for a broker license.

You may also be required to complete a training course and pass the broker licensing examination. Thus, becoming a real estate broker is one of the best real estate careers if you’re already an agent and looking to grow your career. According to Glassdoor, the average real estate salary for brokers in the US is $72.5K/yr.

  •  Real Estate Developer

Real Estate developers are those who buy land and build real estate property on it. This includes from a residential house to the office building. A real estate developer is responsible for planning and coordinating the construction of these buildings, financing it, and bringing in a team to execute the plan.. As for your real estate salary as a developer, it’ll depend on a number of things like years of experience, the company you work for, and the type of real estate properties you build.

  • Real Estate Wholesaler

Real estate wholesaling is one of the best real estate careers for making money quickly. Here’s how to wholesale real estate properties:

  • Find a distressed property whose owners are motivated to sell quickly
  •  Convince the property owner to sell the property and sign your contract
  • Assess the property’s renovation needs and ARV (after repair value)
  • Find a buyer and sell the property for profits

  This is one of the best career opportunities in real estate for you if you have an eye for distressed properties and strong negotiation skills. It’ll take some time, but it can reap significant rewards if done correctly!

  • Property Manager

As a property manager, you ensure the financial and physical well-being of the real estate property. You’ll also have to ensure the tenants of the rental property are satisfied, and you’ll have to work with the property owner to ensure everything is functioning smoothly.

To become a property manager, you need to have a broker license. You also need to have a certain set of skills including customer service, managerial skills, and the ability to problem-solve while on the go. In addition, if you’re interested in a property management career, you’ll need a reasonable understanding of finances, marketing, facility operations, and documenting important information. Glassdoor estimates the average real estate salary for property managers in the US is $54K/yr.

  • Real Estate Attorney

Real estate attorneys are professionals who apply their skills to the legalities behind property disputes. For example, when there’s an issue with the title, documentation, transfers, or other legal problems, the attorney’s job is to step in and settle the tension. Attorneys are the most helpful when providing clients with guidance during the transaction process to ensure the sale of the home is legal.

To become a real estate attorney, you will have to undergo the extensive educational experience. You need to have graduated with a Bachelor’s degree, passed the LSAT, earned a Juris Doctor degree, and then passed the bar exam. This process could generally take 6-8 years to complete. Then, you also need to spend another 2 years of accumulating experience as a lawyer. Like other real estate careers, becoming a real estate attorney will earn you an impressive salary of $119K/yr according to Glassdoor.

  • Home Inspector

A real estate inspector examines real estate properties for any defects or issues that will cause problems for the buyer, seller, or agent. Inspections are a critical part of the transaction in the real estate industry. This is because a home inspector helps point out any faults and blemishes that might go

unseen. Glassdoor estimates the average base salary for a real estate inspector is $38k/yr.

  • Real Estate Appraiser

Appraisers are professionals who determine the value of the commercial or residential real estate. Becoming a real estate appraiser means you need to know how to value properties based on their characteristics, location, and by comparing the property to other similar properties.

To become a real estate appraiser, you need an appraiser’s license. To get one, you need to complete 75 hours of basic appraiser education and pass an exam by the state. Since you’ll be working in finance and economics with this career in real estate, having an educational background in these areas is helpful. Moreover, you have the option to work independently or with a larger business and appraise commercial properties. According to Glassdoor, the real estate salary for appraisers is $53k/yr.

  • Leasing Agent

If becoming a leasing agent is your real estate career path of choice, then you’ll be working directly with property owners to find the perfect tenant to lease their rental properties. . You’ll have the choice of working in either the commercial real estate sector (leasing businesses) or residential real estate (leasing individual tenants).

Because you will be working with both the client and potential tenants, you need great interpersonal communication skills. There’s going to be a lot of face-to-face time with the client and tenant, so you need to know how to navigate negotiations and conversations. An additional understanding of marketing and promotion will help you excel in this type of real estate career.

Few of the more job profiles in Real Estate are

  • Real Estate Assistant
  • Real Estate Marketing Specialist
  • Real Estate Consultant
  • Real Estate Loan Officer
  • Mortgage Broker

What is the Real Estate Agents Salary?

            An entry-level Real estate agent’s salary with less than 1-year experience average (including tips, bonus, and overtime pay) is Rs 200,000.

An early career Real Estate Agent with 1-4 years of experience earns an average total compensation of Rs 294,791.

  A mid-career Real Estate Agent’s salary with 5-9 years of experience averages Rs1,000,000. 

The average salary for Real Estate agents in India is 1,315,738 INR per year. The most typical earning is 871,350 INR

Salaries are different between men and women. Men receive an average salary of 1,268,612 INR. Women receive a salary of 1,480,641 INR.

Based on education, the highest salaries receive people with a Master’s Degree with a salary of 1,401,493 INR. The second most paid education level is a Bachelor’s Degree with a salary of 1,144,155 INR.

Different experiences affect earning as well. People with 12-16 Years of experience receive a salary of 2,140,761 INR. Employees with 4-8 Years of experience receive 2,045,203 INR.

The eligibility requirement to become Real Estate Agent in India

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In India, there is no examination or license process like in the US and Canada where you have to pass some exams to be called Certified Real Estate Broker.

Still, you should choose some courses which will definitely give you the right direction in your real estate career path.

Becoming a real estate agent requires taking a state license exam. States have different exams, so real estate agents must become licensed in every state in which they practice.

 Real estate brokerages will offer additional training in how to properly list and sell the property. While working under a brokerage, a real estate agent will have to work closely with other agents in their brokerage as well as with their clients.

 To successfully sell a home, a real estate agent needs to bring interested parties to listed properties to show them around. This allows clients and interested buyers to determine whether or not they wish to finalize a deal.

Real Estate Courses

There are several training courses for Real Estate Agent different institutes in India. Real Estate/Property Development & Management, Real Estate Marketing, online real estate courses to get licensed as a professional real estate broker, and a lot more. These courses can help you get the best paying jobs in real estate..

What are the Top Real Estate Management Institutes in India?

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A degree in entrepreneurship is another good choice for those interested in starting their career in Real Estate Agent India. When you get an entrepreneurship degree, you get an overview of the skills required to launch a Real Estate business. Entrepreneurship degree plans cover law, marketing, business, accounting, and more.


Institute Name City Course Name Duration Course Fees
NIREM Institute of Real Estate Management Mumbai Certificate in Real Estate Management 1 month Rs.16 000
Real Estate Management Institute Mumbai Real Estate Property Evaluation 8 hours Rs.2 500
AAFM India Delhi Real Estate Management 6 months Rs.35 000 
India Institute of Real Estate Pune Real Estate Management
iLead Kolkata Real Estate Management 6 months Rs.20 000
National Real Estate Development Council New Delhi Certificate Course in Real Estate Management 3 weeks Rs.20,000
V Skills  New Delhi Certified Real Estate Consultant 1 hour Rs.3,499 
Institute of Real Estate and Finance Pune PGC Real Estate Business Management 1 month Rs.3,499
Symbiosis Institute of Management Studies Pune Real Estate and Construction Management 15 months Rs.3,00,000
IFAN Mumbai Chartered Real Estate Professional Certification

Real Estate Online Courses

Online courses in Real Estate Management are also available.

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Certificate Name Provider Duration Fees
Increasing Real Estate Management Profits: Harnessing Data Analytics Coursera 7 weeks INR 3,616
Commercial Real Estate Analysis and Investment MIT School of Architecture and Planning 6 weeks 2,059 Euro
Real Estate Asset Management 101 Udemy 3 hours INR 8,640
Real Estate International Career Institute (ICI) – USA 6 months 987 Euro


In some of these courses, instructors do conduct tests for finalizing your certificates. On completing your course for Real Estate Agent you can get a realtor job in a good real estate company. 

Top 10 Real Estate Companies In India In 2021

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Real estate companies are the one-stop destination for the solution to the problem of not knowing how to create a dream house for yourself. Although like other sectors, real estate too have suffered a huge setback due to the coronavirus situations, but after the situations can be considered as normal, things are getting better for the sector. 

Listed below are the Top Real Estate companies in India in 2021 where Real Estate Agents can get the best paying jobs in real estate..

1. DLF Private Ltd.

Founded by Chaudhary Raghvendra Singh in the year 1949 and constructed 22 colonies to kickstart DLF. The company has been involved in making workplaces and villas for the working professionals around Gurugram and has reached a remarkable position by delivering the best possible projects. Microsoft, Bank of America, and IBF are some of its notable clients in the list of many others.

2) Prestige Estates Projects Ltd.

Headquartered in Bangalore, Prestige Estates Projects Ltd was founded by Razack Sattar. Founded in 1986, Prestige Estates Project Ltd is among the most successful real estate companies in the nation today. It has succeeded in giving out more than 200 projects and satisfying its clients with each passing one. 

3)IndiabullsReal Estate Ltd.  

Headquartered in Chennai, the company was founded in 2006. The main aim of the company is to provide luxury living spaces for all its clients. The company is also intending on reaching and expanding out to the international markets as well.

4)Brigade Enterprises Ltd.  

M.R. Jaishankar founded Brigade Enterprises Ltd. in 1986. The company is one of the top real estate companies present today in Chennai. It has been putting in its efforts to deliver one of the best commercial and residential buildings to its clients. Hospitals, shopping stores, and malls come under the projects that it has been successfully giving out.

5) Oberoi Realty Ltd. 

Headquartered in Mumbai, the company was founded in the year 1980. Currently, the company has been dealing with projects in and around Mumbai. The company is involved in the IT sector, retail sector, and a lot more. Oberoi Realty builds villas in metropolitan cities, modern residential properties, and other stylish properties.

6. Godrej Properties Ltd. 

A listed company in the national stock exchange, Godrej Properties was founded by Adi Godrej. Having a net worth of about 100 million, the company has managed to be the top real estate company in Hyderabad. Ranked 2nd best at the Asian level, Godrej is surely reaching new heights.

7. Omaxe Ltd. 

Founded in the year 1989, Omaxe Ltd. is an initiative by Rohtas Goel. The company is among one of the most trusted and known real estate companies in the nation. 

8) Housing Development And Infrastructure Ltd. (HDIL) 

Competing neck to neck with DLF Private, HDIL, is a company that the majority in the national trust and have developed a faith for. Headquartered in Mumbai, the company is focussing on a lot of projects inside and around the state. The company specializes in constructing workplaces, shopping malls, and residential properties among a lot many. It is also undertaking a number of slum clearance and rehabilitation projects.

9)Sobha Ltd

Founded in 1995, Sobha Ltd. is presently headquartered in Bangalore. The company is involved in a number of government projects, commercial and residential property building projects, and a lot more.

10) Ansal Properties And Infrastructure Ltd. 

Founded in 1967, Ansal Properties is among the oldest real estate companies in the country. It is engaged in developing residential and commercial properties. The company is also trying to undertake the state government projects of building economic zones, shopping malls and is involved in a lot of other property developments.

Best Real Estate websites  in India

How to build a exciting career as Real Estate Agent 36

  • is a part of Times Internet Limited, a subsidiary of the Times of India group.

  • is one of the most prominent and reputed websites. Initiated in 2005, it has large listings of dealers, builders, and property owners.

  • is the best site for small cities.

  • is mainly for renting and purchasing real estate in cities like Hyderabad, Pune , Bangalore, Ahmedabad, and other commercial cities.

  • is mainly for residents of south Indian cities like Coimbatore, Mysore, etc.

 There are other websites like, Common, and Buying and selling have become easy with these online portals.


The Indian Real Estate sector can become more lucrative if steps are taken in the right direction. The Indian Real estate sector can catapult the growth of several other sectors in the Indian economy through backward and forward linkages.

The foreign investments in Indian Real estate will increase as the industry becomes more mature. It will also lead the developers to become more organized and transparent to avail opportunities emerging in the market.

Thus the more structured and well organized the Real Estate in India becomes, the better the investment opportunities and even better the real estate career opportunities for Real estate agents.


Shipping and Logistics –How to Start a Dynamic Career in 2021?

Shipping and Logistics refer to the shipment of the product you want to ship and the process of that shipping from the point of origin to the point of destination. Here the Shipping of the product is called Shipping while the process involved in that shipping is called Logistics.

Let us understand the two terms in a more detailed manner while understanding the differences between the two terms.

What is Shipping

How to Start a Dynamic Career in Shipping and Logistics

Shipping is the transfer of goods from one place to another. There are many types of shipping like hazmat shipping for the movement of dangerous goods, Same-day shipping is for expedited movement of goods. Although both these shipping types require different documentation, handling, arrival, and means of transportation they both require movement of goods from one place to another.

Shipping is the act of carriage of cargo from point A to point using the ships which fall under the Maritime industry.

Cargoes are carried by various types of ships all around the world.

  1. Oil Tankers
  2. Dry Bulk Carriers
  3. General Cargo Carriers
  4. Container Carriers
  5. Gas Carriers
  6. Chemical Tankers
  7. Offshore Vessels
  8. Ro-Ro ships
  9. Ferries/Passengers ships
  10. Others


Shipping includes (but is not restricted to) activities as below :

  • Booking cargo for specific vessels, sometimes weeks and months in advance
  • Ensuring that all cargo booked is planned on the intended vessels
  • Ensure that the cargo that is planned on the vessels is actually shipped
  • Ensure that the stowage planning is done properly on the vessel to optimize the vessel loading
  • Ensure that all containers loaded have their VGM
  • Ensure safe loading and discharging of the cargo
  • Issuing bill of lading and other documentation for all cargo loaded

A typical shipping line or shipping agency office has various departments such as planning, marketing, sales, container department, vessel operations, documentation, finance, administration, procurement, etc.

Shipping also involves planning and identifying the most profitable trade routes around the world, the volume of cargo available on these routes, the number of ships that must be employed on these routes, the ports that this service must call in order to maximize business, the transit days that a ship will take for a round trip, the cost per voyage including operational costs, port costs, fuel costs, the manpower required, etc for each voyage

What is Logistics

How to Start a Dynamic Career in Shipping and Logistics

The term logistics is said to have originated from the military and is said to have been initially used to define troop and equipment movement in the various areas of military operations..

Logistics is a part of the supply chain which consists of several smaller areas of specialization, one of which is Shipping itself. Other areas of logistics include Material Handling, Warehousing, packaging, and warehousing. Logistics involves both the integration and management of these smaller areas in order to minimize costs and improve overall operations for businesses.

An LSP (Logistics Services Provider) should have the expertise to choose the best solution for the movement of the cargo. Cargo is moved using the road, rail, air and sea and each of these modes of transport have their own peculiarities and characteristics.

Logistics involves the planning, implementation, and execution of the various aspects involving the movement of cargo such as materials, services, information, shipping, documentation, scheduling, tracking, and delivery is the main function of logistics.

The primary difference between Shipping and Logistics is the scope and scale. Logistics operates on a significantly larger scale than shipping. Despite the differences between the two, successful businesses rely on both of these areas working together in order to operate efficiently.

Here are a few more terms that you should understand clearly to get a better insight into the Shipping & Logistics industry as these terms are well connected to each other as well as to Shipping and logistics.

  1. Maritime Industry

Maritime Industry is anything related to the ocean, sea, ships, navigation of ships from point A to point B, seafarers, and other related activities. Maritime transportation is a derived demand whose main purpose is to support trade, business, and commerce – whether global or domestic, whether cargo or people.

2)  Ocean Freight

Freight refers to Cargo that is carried by a carrier (ship, road, rail, air) in exchange for commercial gain. Ocean freight refers to the cargo that is carried using the shipping services offered by the shipping lines using the ships which fall under the Maritime industry.

3) Supply Chain

Supply Chain is the whole granddaddy process comprising all aspects in a product cycle, for example from picking a good from Point A to delivering the good to Point B using all of the above-mentioned industries.

A supply chain involves a network of suppliers, transporters, warehouses, distribution centers, shipping lines, logistics services providers all working together from the creation and sale of a product till its delivery to its customers.


Trade is the basic economic concept involving buying and selling of goods and services, with compensation paid by a buyer to a seller, or the exchange of goods and services between parties.

Global trade, also known as International Trade and World Trade is simply the import and export of goods and services across international boundaries.

Why you should start a Career in Shipping & Logistics Companies

How to Start a Dynamic Career in Shipping and Logistics

In the shipping and logistics role, your work life will be varied and interesting. You will have the opportunity to travel worldwide, meet new people and work with different industries.

Careers at the port include passenger and cargo loading, unloading, and distribution, and port security. Positions include longshoreman, truck and ship loaders, transportation manager, shipping broker, cargo and freight agent, marine engineer, chartering manager, and fleet engineer.

The Shipping Industry offers you one of the most diverse career paths within the industry today, especially to qualified people. Since the industry is broad and global one can transfer all their educational experiences into a successful career both on and offshore with one of many large and small global shipping companies.

According to the Chartered Institute of Logistics and Transport (CILT), shipping jobs tend to be promoted from within. Therefore one can reach a management position in less than five years. The list of career opportunities on international shipping vessels is extensive.

The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects employment in shipping & logistics companies to grow 4% from the period 2019-2029-on pace with the national average.

On completion of BSc or BBA in Logistics and Shipping, you can expect a starting salary of Rs 1.5 lakh to 2.5 lakh per annum. Once you complete your MBA in shipping and logistics your salary gets even better.

The average Logistics Manager salary in the United States is $115,491 as of June 28, 2021, but the range typically falls between $102,189 and $127,863.

Employees who specialize in International Logistics can earn an average of Rs 20.6lacs, mostly ranging from Rs10 lakhs to Rs 50 lakhs. The top 10% of employees earn more than 32.1 lakhs per year while the top 1% earns more than Rs 50 lakhs per annum.

After graduating in shipping and logistics, you can apply for various sectors including supply chain, shipping, and logistics. Here are a few of the domains where you can apply in the field of shipping and logistics.

  • Bulk Carrier organizations
  • Freight Organizations
  • Merchant Navy
  • Cruise SHIP
  • Road transport and haulage
  • Trade Compliance
  • Exhibition and project forwarding
  • Administration and IT.
  • Customs compliance

Job opportunities are better once you have pursued MBA in shipping and logistics. Then you can apply for various management level profiles for reputed firms like DHL Express, Global Express, Safexpress, Aggarwal Packers and movers, DTDC, etc.

Job Profiles In Shipping and Logistics

There are various job profiles where you can apply after completing your course in Shipping and logistics. Following are top profiles in the shipping and logistics companies:

  • Supply Chain Analyst
  • Logistics Analyst
  • Consultant
  • Customer Service
  • Production Planner
  • Master Scheduler
  • Sales Order Planner
  • Logistics Manager
  • Expeditor
  • Purchasing Manager
  • International Logistics Manager
  • Inventory Manager
  • Supply Chain Manager
  • Purchasing Marine Officer
  • Deck Engineer
  • Marine Coordinate

Top Countries for Exploring Logistics Careers

Here is the list of countries where you can groom your career in shipping and logistics.

  • Sweden
  • Japan
  • Finland
  • Ireland
  • Norway
  • Qatar
  • Central United States
  • Germany

Salary Profiles in Shipping and Logistics Companies

We also have Salary profiles of the employees in the Shipping and logistics companies.

Company Title Experience Annual Salary School Skills
A.P. Moller Maersk


Account Manager 4.9yrs CTC:



MBA/PGDBM Management Development Institute 2016

B.Tech/B.E. Kamla Nehru Institute of Technology 2013

Client Servicing/Key Account Manager Business Development Marketing Management Channel Sales Sales Operations Dealer Channel Management
HCL Technologies India


Senior Management Consulting & Solutions


15yrs CTC:



MBA Indian School of Business Management & Administration 2014 AGM Head/VP/GM Supply Chain Management Logistics Operations Warehouse Management Freight Forwarding
Syntegon Technology India P.


Senior Management-Materials


26yrs CTC:




BBA CSM Institute of Graduate Studies 2003

Deputy General Manager Head/VP/GM-SCM/Logistics Purchase Operations Global sourcing vendor development International logistics
Sterling and Wilson


Senior Management – IT 15yrs CTC:



MBA/PGDM Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Kharagpur 2007

B.Tech/B.E. College of Engineering, Pune 2002

Strategic Sourcing Global Procurement Spend Analysis E-procurement SAP MM SAP PS
shell India markets p.l.

Navi Mumbai

import export incharge 11yrs CTC:



B.Sc Mumbai 2006 export import logistics international logistics customs documentation ocean freight warehouse operations
DHL Express India


Network Control Manager and Project Manager 9yrs CTC:



MBA/PGDM Faculty of Management Studies, Banaras Hindu University 2015

B.Tech/B.E. GIT Jaipur, Rajasthan University 2010

Manager-Network Control Operations Manager Operations Management Process Engineering Project Management Process Improvement
Reliance Infrastructure


Senior Management administration and HR 28yrs CTC:




B.A Osmania University 1990

Head -Administration & HR Head/VP/GM-Admin General Administration Facility Management Security Management HR Administration


Senior Manager-Techno commercial 13yrs CTC:



B. E Gujarat University 2005

B Tech Gujarat University 2005

Senior Manager-Fleet & Resources Head/VP/GM Techno-Commercial Operations International Marketing Export Documentation Sales
Vikudha Overseas


Senior Management Operations 23yrs CTC:



Master Indian institute of export and import management 2000

B.Com Mumbai University 1994

General Manager Head/VP/GM-SCM/Logistics Import/Export Operations International Logistics Supply Chain Management Warehouse Management


Senior Management- SCM 25yrs CTC:



MBA/PGDM Vinod Gupta School of Management, Kharagpur 2002

B.Tech/B.E. National Institute of Technology (NIT), Tiruchirappalli 1992

Purchase management,Global sourcing,logistics management,vendor development,supplier relationship management,contract management

Source:International Logistics Salaries 2021

World’s Top Brands in Logistics that you can Join

      1) United Parcel Company(UPS)

United Parcel Service is an American multinational package delivery company and a provider of supply chain management solutions. Services also include a cargo airline, a freight-based trucking operation, and retail-based packing and shipping centers. UPS employs approximately 444,000 staff with approximately 240,000 drivers with international package operations delivering to more than 220 countries. Its CEO is David P. Abney and the brand value of the company is $22bn.

       2) FedEx Corporation

FedEx Corporation is a US multinational courier delivery services company with its headquarters in Memphis, Tennessee. FedEx offers a complete suite of online services for shipment preparation, package tracking, shipment rates, and tools for international shippers and small businesses. Brand value, according to Brand Finance, is $18.1bn. The CEO is Frederick W. Smith.

      3) Japan Railways Group

The Japan Railways Group is more commonly known as the JR Group and consists of seven for-profit companies that took over most of the assets and operations of the government-owned Japanese National Railways in 1987. The current brand value is thought to be $11.1bn.

       4) DHL

DHL is one of the most recognizable logistics brands across the globe, specializing in international shipping, courier services, road and rail transportation, air and ocean freight, international parcel and express mail services, and contract logistics. Founded in the US in 1969, the company had gone global by the late 70s and its current value is thought to be in the region of $10.7bn.

       5) Union Pacific

Union Pacific is a freight hauling railroad that operates 8,500 locomotives consisting of 43 different models, operating over 32,100 route miles. Its system is the second biggest in the US. The company started back in 1862 when it was called the Union Pacific RailRoad and its current CEO is Lance M. Fritz. The brand value of the company is thought to be $7.8bn.

There are few other companies in India that you can join through campus interviews like GMMCO ltd., Carnival cruise line, TMC Shipping Pvt. Ltd, ITT Shipping(P) Ltd., American cruise lines, Anglo-Indian ship management, The Great eastern shipping company ltd., Bridgeview Maritime Pvt. Ltd, etc.

How to start and grow in a Shipping and logistic 

How to Start a Dynamic Career in Shipping and Logistics

Any job profile you go for will require certain skills for you to grow in your career. So is the case in the business of shipping and logistics. To become a valuable asset in a shipping and logistic company you must possess a few of these skills given below.

  • Adaptability
  • Honesty
  • Project management
  • Ability to see the big picture
  • Proficient in project management
  • Ability to understand financial statements
  • Business ethics
  • Staying calm under pressure
  • Cost accounting skills
  • Continually seeking improvement
  • Effective problem-solving skills
  • Great business communication skills
  • Able to manage stress
  • Understanding of e-procurement and e-business systems.
  • Effective problem-solving skills
  • Great business communication skills
  • Able to manage stress
  • Understanding of e-procurement and e-business systems
  • Technical understanding
  • Understanding of global issues

Shipping and Logistics Courses

How to Start a Dynamic Career in Shipping and Logistics

There are many courses available in shipping and logistics. You can check some of the courses along with their fee and duration in the table below.

Courses Duration Average Fee(Approx)
MBA in Logistics and Supply Chain 2 Years INR 2,00,000
MBA in Shipping Management 2 Years INR 1,90,000
MBA in Shipping and Logistics 2 Years INR 2,10,000
MSc in Maritime Administration and Logistics 2 Years INR 1,40,000
MSc in International Trade 2 Years INR 1,50,000
MSc in Port Management 2 Years INR 1,30,000
BBA in Logistics and Supply Chain Management 3 Years INR 1,03,000
BBA in Logistics Management 3 Years INR 1,22,000
PG Diploma in Supply Chain and Logistics Management 2 Years INR 1,90,000
MBA in International Transportation and Logistics Management 2 Years INR 1,84,000

Topics Included in Shipping and Logistics Courses

Here are some of the common topics that you will come across while pursuing a course in Shipping and Logistics Management.

Marketing in shipping and logistics Trends in logistics Logistics management Techniques of operations efficiency
Supplier Relationship Management International transport conventions Logistics and Multimodal Transport Risk and Insurance management
Shipping Operations and Management Multi-modal transport Strategic Management Commercial geography
Business Process Re-Engineering Documentation and clearance processes Warehousing and supply chain management Industrial relation and Labor laws
Global Supply Chain Management Safe and Emergency Towing Operation Lean Supply Chain Management Business Communication


Eligibility Criteria for  Shipping and Logistics Management courses

Here are the eligibility criteria for pursuing the Undergraduate and Post Graduate courses in Shipping and Logistics.

Undergraduate Courses
  • For Diploma, B.Sc, and BBA programs, you need to complete 10+2 from a recognized board with the minimum passing marks.
  • Some of the top BBA colleges/ universities will require you to clear one of the management entrance exams and secure 45% to 50% marks in class 12 board exams for admissions.
Post-Graduate Courses
  • For MBA courses in Shipping & Logistics, candidates must have completed their graduation in any field from a recognized university or institute.
  • In order to get admission in MBA Shipping and Logistics program, you will have to qualify for exams like CAT, ATMA, CMAT, MAT.
  • Final admission to most of the colleges is done after the Group Discussion and Personal Interview rounds.

Colleges offering Shipping and Management  Courses in India

Here is the list of colleges offering management courses in Shipping and Logistics along with the course fees.

College Location Fee(Approx)
International Maritime Academy Chennai INR 80,000
Jaipur National University Jaipur INR 1, 57,000
IILM Academy of Higher Learning Jaipur INR 2.70,000
Raffles University Neemrana INR 84,000
Jagannath University Jaipur INR 75,000
Krupanidhi School of Management Bangalore INR 1,82,000
International School of Business & Media Kolkata INR 3,04,000
Bangalore College of Management Studies Bangalore INR 1,00,000
University of Technology Jaipur INR 90,000
Jagannath Institute of Management Sciences Delhi INR 1,30,000
Vels Institute of Science, Technology & Advanced Studies Chennai INR 2,00,000
Amity Business School Noida INR 2,47,000
Nehru Arts and Science College Coimbatore INR 80,000
Lloyd Business School Greater Noida INR 2,05,000
Aarupadai Veedu Institute of Technology Chennai INR 80,000


The field of Shipping and Logistics management is very vast. Once you enter the industry, you will climb up the success ladder. . With various opportunities available in the industry, shipping and logistics can be a very advantageous career option.




How Important is Distance Education to our education 2021?

Distance Education, or distance learning, is a field of education that focuses on the pedagogy and andragogy, technology, and instructional systems design that aims to deliver education to students who are not physically "on-site".

To explain the above statement in plain man parlance, Distance Education is the dissemination of education to the students who are not physically present at a school.

Initially, it used to involve correspondence through the mail. Now it involves Online Education.

The course curriculum is done by especially prepared course materials for self-study 

Which are delivered to the learners through various media like print, radio television, satellite, audio/videotapes, C-ROMS, Internet, and the worldwide web.

The interpersonal communication between students and teachers is not direct as in conventional classrooms but is replaced by a technological medium mainly the electronic media like telephone, teleconferencing, video conferencing, virtual classroom training, chat session, email, etc.

Distance education courses that require a physical on-site presence for any reason 

Including the taking of examinations is considered to be hybRiD or blended course of study.

Another term that is used interchangeably with distance education is “Open Learning”.Open learning covers a wide range of innovations and reforms in the educational sector.

These innovations and reforms advocated flexibility to the learner with regard to entry and exit, pace and place of study, method of study, and choice and combination of courses, assessment, and course completion.

The open learning system tries to redress inequality in the educational sector and create opportunities that our conventional educational sector system cannot provide. It tries to provide access to education to all sections of society.

Thus, ODL is a term that accepts the philosophy of “openness” and uses the “distance mode” of learning 

Thus Open Learning is a philosophy and Distance Education is the mode used for translating it into reality as the two are complementary to each other.

Paced and Self Paced Models

In Paced model the learners commence and complete a course at the same time. Most distant education institutes use a paced format similar to traditional campus-based models. Student familiarity and pressure help the learners to complete the course well within time. The paced model helps students in community learning and engage in collaborative work. However, the students are tied up and their freedom to spend their time on other activities is curtailed.

The Self Paced model allows students maximum freedom to commence and complete their course at their convenient time. In this model students have the flexibility to complete their course in a very short time, say a few weeks or they can extend the duration to a few years. Unlike Paced model, however, the students are unfamiliar with this type of model and can lead to procrastination and delay in completing their course. Self  Paced models disallow collaborative work and discourage students communities formation.

Kaplan and Haenlein classify distance education into four groups based on “Time Dependency” and “Number of Participants”.

  1. Massive Open Online Courses(MOOCs): Open-access online course allows unlimited(massive) participation.
  2. Small Private Online Courses(SPOCs) : Private online courses offer a limited number of places and require formal enrollment.
  3. Synchronous Massive Online Courses(SMOCs): SMOCs allow unlimited participation in synchronous learning i.e. it requires students to be present at the same time.
  4. Synchronous Private Online Courses(SSOCs): SSOCs offer a limited number of places and require synchronous learning.

History of Distance education

Distance Education and Open Learning
The University of London in 1837

It was as early as 1728, the first attempt for students to learn Shorthand through weekly mailed lessons.

The first distance education course in the modern sense was provided by Sir Isaac Pitman in the 1840s, who taught the students Shorthand through postcards and received transcripts from students for correction.

The early success in Distance education saw the establishment of the Phonographic correspondence society three years later on a more formal basis.

In 1873, the first correspondence school “Society to Encourage Studies at Home” was founded in the United States.

Wolsely Hall, Oxford was the first distance learning college in the UK in 1894.

The University of London was the first university to offer distance learning degrees through its external programs in 1858.

The concept of Open University was founded in the UK by Prime minister Harold Wilson in 1965. The open university revolutionized the scope of correspondence programs and created an alternative to the traditional education system.

The Open University accepted its first 25,000 students in 1971 while the total student population in the UK was around 130,000.

Canada’s first Open university was created in 1970, the Athabasca University.

Now there are several institutions in the world with the name Open University. In fact, some Open Universities have grown into Mega Universities with a student enrolment of over 100,000.

The covid19 pandemic resulted in the closure of all schools and colleges and switching by these schools and colleges to online remote learning through platforms like Zoom, Cisco Webex, Google classroom, Microsoft teams, ByJus, and many more.

History Of Distance Education In India.

Distance Education and Open Learning


In 1962, India’s first Distant learning Institute “Delhi’s school of Correspondence courses and continuing Education” was started by her education commission under the chairmanship of Dr. D.S Kothari.

The 1970”s saw the growth and spread of the correspondence Education system in India by conventional universities opening correspondence course institutes.

The opportunities of access, affordability, and convenience offered by the Distant education system contributed to its increasing popularity and growth.

In 1980” the government introduced the open University system with the objective to further democratize opportunities for higher education to a large segment of the Indian population, especially the underprivileged..

In1982 a new chapter in Distance Education began with the establishment of Dr. BR Ambedkar Open University, Hyderabad 1962. It was followed by the establishment of Indira Gandhi National Open University at the national level by the parliament of India in 1985.

In 1987, two more Open Universities emerged, namely, Nalanda Open University Patna, and Vardhman Mahaveer Open University, Kota, Rajasthan. Subsequently, Yashwantrao Chavan Maharashtra Open University, Nashik, Maharashtra was established in 1989.

Distance Education Advantages and Disadvantages


Open Distance learning occupies a special place in the higher education system not only in India but all over the world. Distance Education has been a major contributor in enhancing the student’s enrollment and in democratizing higher education to the large segments of the population and meeting the demand for lifelong learning.

The Distant education system has to a large extent met its objective to democratize education to a large segment of the population especially the disadvantaged groups such as those living in remote and rural areas, working people, women, etc.

Distance Learning provides an innovative system of education that is both flexible and open in terms of methods and pace of learning. Distance learning provides learners an opportunity for up-gradation of skills and qualifications.

Distance education has also helped in decreasing the cost of education, especially in higher education.It has been a far more cost-effective form of learning than the traditional form of learning. It has also reduced other costs for students like transportation costs, boarding, and lodging costs on campus, and costs related to traditional learning.

Thus Distance education has developed traditional education into a lifelong activity to enable learners to update their knowledge or acquire knowledge in new areas.


There are barriers to distance education that make it less effective. Some of these barriers are domestic distractions, unreliable technology, inadequate contact with teachers, insufficient support services, and little or no teaching experience due to lack of proper training.

The lack of advanced technology skills can lead to an unsuccessful experience. The schools have a responsibility to adopt a proactive policy for managing technology barriers.

Time management and self-discipline in distance education are as important as complete knowledge of information technology tools.

These barriers can lead to high dropout rates for distance learning students compared to their traditional counterparts.

How do we run distance Education?

Distance Education and Open Learning

India has the second-largest  Education system in the world after China. There are six types of institutions offering Distance education today:

  • National Open University
  • State Open University
  • Distance Education Institutions(DEIs)– Institutions of National Importance – Central Universities-State Universities-Deemed to be Universities- State Private Universities.
  • DEIs at stand-alone universities- Professional Associations – Government Institutions -Private institutions.

Distance Education Technology

Distance Education and Open Learning

Internet technology has enabled many forms of distance learning such as e-learning and MOOCs.Distant education technologies are divided into two modes of delivery :

  • Synchronous learning
  • Asynchronous learning

In synchronous learning, all participants are present at the same time in a virtual classroom, as in a traditional classroom teaching. It requires a timetable. Examples of synchronous technology are Web conferencing, video conferencing, educational television, instructional television, direct-broadcast satellite, internet radio, live streaming telephone, and web-based VoIP.

In asynchronous learning, participants access course materials flexibly on their own schedules. Students are not required to be together at the same time. Mail correspondence, e-mail, video, and audio recordings, print materials, voicemails, and fax.

The two methods can be combined and are called “Blended Learning” or hybrid learning. Many courses offered by both open universities and campus-based institutions use periodic sessions of residential or day teaching to supplement the sessions delivered at a distance.

The first completely online course for credit was offered by the University of Toronto in 1984 through the graduate school of education. The first new and fully online university was founded in 1994 as the Open University of Catalonia in Barcelona, Spain. In 1999, Jones International University was launched as the first fully online university in the US.

Between 2000 and 2008, enrollment in distance education courses increased rapidly in almost all developed and developing countries.

In fact in the US in 2011, it was found that a third of all the students enrolled in PostSecondary education has taken an accredited online course in a post-secondary institution.

Top Distance Education Universities and Distance learning courses in India

Here is the list of the top 10 universities in India that provide quality distance education:

1) Indira Gandhi National Open University(IGNOU)

IGNOU is one of the most reputed universities in India with high-quality staff which is dedicated to knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values through dynamic and interactive methods of learning and grooming of students. IGNOU distance education provides distance learning courses to Undergraduates, Graduates, Post Graduates, and Diploma students in arts, science, commerce, and management fields.

2) Symbiosis center for Distance education 

Symbiosis center for distance learning offers Postgraduate Diploma, Diploma, and certificate programs across a variety of management courses.

3) Sikkim Manipal University


Sikkim Manipal University has contributed to the education revolution in its own way and is recognized by the UGC.

 4) IMT Distance and open learning institute 

The IMT institute strives to create leaders in management and entrepreneurs by helping students to acquire the necessary skills. Some popular distance education courses offered by IMT are a Postgraduate diploma in Management, One year Postgraduate in Business administration, Financial management, operational management, HRM, and Information systems.

5) Madhya Pradesh Bhoj Open University

The University aims to spread and promote higher education among the underprivileged and has set up study centers in remote rural areas. The university aims to provide an easily accessible system of teaching and learning through education, inputs like practical classes, distance teaching, satellite, communication, teaching, etc.

6) Dr. B.R. Ambedkar Open University

          Dr. B.R.Ambedkar open university has a wide network of 206 centers spread throughout the state of Andhra Pradesh. The University caters to women, working people, and those who want to improve their educational and professional skills.

 7)Netaji Subhas Open University

Netaji Subhas Open University is the premier state open in India. The university has set up 31 study centers to provide the students with distance education in Bachelor Degree Programme(BDP) in Arts & Commerce, Science, and Postgraduate program in science.

8) Maharshi Dayanand University

Maharshi Dayanand University provides a wide variety of courses through means of distance learning. The University has students support services centers (SSSC) is open and distance learning system that are not only confined to interactive counseling or solving the learner’s problem but also includes personality development, soft-skills, career-counseling, community counseling community education, promoting open and distance learning as per the National Education Policy

9)Karnataka State Open University

Located in Mysore, Karnataka State open university is recognized as one of the best open universities in India imparting distance education. The university system is a respected higher-learning organization known for its strengths and relevant learning programs to its learners.

10) Acharya Nagarjuna University(CDE)

Acharya Nagarjuna University was established in 1976. The University offers more than 75 courses. It has a wide network of examination centers for the convenience of the students. It offers a quality education at affordable costs.
















Web Designing Course 2021– Excellent Scope and Job Opportunities

This article has been written to help students who aspire to start their career as Web designers by guiding them to take the right Web Designing courses from reputed institutes as well as providing the correct information about the scope of Web designing.


Today is the age of high-speed internet and fast communications. Every aspect of our life is dominated by the web. Every business is conducted through the web all over the world.

In this digital age, the online presence is very important for every organization to advertise, promote and sell their products to customers locally and globally.

But the Billion dollar question is how it can be done. How can Online marketing or web presence play a huge role in the business of an organization today?

Well, the answer is having a professional website that represents the company’s overall profile and business.

Web Designing  and Web Designer

Web Designing Course -- Scope and Job Opportunities
Web Designing Course — Scope and Job Opportunities


“Web designing is the computer field which deals with the creation of websites and a web application”


The person who deals with the creation of Websites and  Web applications is known as Web Designer or Web Developer. The Web designer can be employed in a web designing agency which may be an SEO  web designing company, an  E-Commerce web designing company, a corporate website designing company or can work independently as a freelance web designer.

A web designer works on the appearance, layout, and, in some cases, content of a website. Appearance, for instance, relates to the colors, font, and images used. 

A good web design is easy to use, aesthetically pleasing, and suits the user group and brand of the website.

As the keystone of a web designer’s output is a site that wins and fosters the trust of the target audience, removing as many potential points of user frustration as possible is a critical consideration

Two of the most common methods for designing websites that work well both on desktop and mobile are responsive and adaptive design.

 In responsive design, content moves dynamically depending on screen size; in adaptive design, the website content is fixed in layout sizes that match common screen sizes. 

Types of Web Design

Web design is of different types which you can learn. Here are the types of web design

  1. Minimalist Web Design: Minimalist website design benefits users in the shape of faster loading times and better compatibility between screen sizes. What’s more, a simple UI design is attuned to mobile browsing, without harming the desktop or user experience
  2. Illustrative Web Design: Illustration can turn an average website into something really unique, it’s a powerful and creative medium that can identify and communicate the brand message and transmit ideas universally, through the use of just one image.
  3. Single Page Web Design: A single or one-page website is simply a website that only contains one HTML page. To navigate to different destinations on a single page website, users click navigation links that allow them to jump to destinations on the page, or scroll down the page to reach different sections of content.
  4. Typography Web Design: Web typography is a beautiful art of designing and arranging different types of web fonts, letters, words, and paragraphs used to create great web design as per priorities.
  5. Flat Web Design: Flat design is a user interface design style that uses simple, two-dimensional elements and bright colors. It is often contrasted to the skeuomorphic style that gives the illusion of three dimensions through copying real-life properties.
  6. Realism Web Design: With a realistic website design, you’ll create a user experience that’s immersive, making your audience feel like they already have your product at their fingertips. For example, if you’re a SaaS provider, you could make your website look like your product dashboard.
  7. Isometric Web Design: Isometric design—the latest design trend—gives you the best of both: a 3D design in which there are no converging perspective lines
  8. Freehand Drawing Web Design: Freehand design is the process of designing ideas by hand. The goal with freehand design is to get your ideas out on the page. It doesn’t have to be pretty as long as people understand what you’re trying to say.
  9. Combination Web Design: Today websites are using beautiful and inspiring color combinations that match perfectly and create an eye candy result.
  10. Fonts Web Design: Web fonts are fonts especially created for websites. They’re usually on a web server. This means web fonts are downloaded by the browser while rendering the web page, and then applied to the text.


Types of Web Designer

There are different types of Web Designers with a unique focus and work specifications.

These different types of web designers are 

  1. User Experience(UX)
  2. Users Interface(UI)  
  3. Visual
  • User Experience

UX designers help ensure the website is structured in a way that engages visitors and delivers a positive experience. Their role is to create human-centric designs that are based on data-driven decisions. This involves conducting a lot of research and testing to gather and analyze data, which is used to inform their final design choices.

  • UI Designers

UI designers also play an important role in the design of a website. In addition to the experience it provides, they also prioritize interactions. More specifically, their role is to enhance the usability of a website and optimize it in a way that helps encourage conversions.

  • Visual Designers

Visual designers, as the title suggests, work with the layout and visual elements of a website. This work combines certain aspects of both UX and UI design. The duties of a visual designer are based on ensuring that the interface is both aesthetically pleasing and easy to use.

Web Designing Tools

Most web designers use a number of tools, software, and programs to perform their tasks. Some of these are design and editing software and programs, such as Adobe Photoshop.

They may also use stock photography resources, as well as image optimization and compression tools. Additionally, web designers often use a CMS such as WordPress, and a website builder platform like Elementor

Wireframe and prototype tools are also helpful. They let web designers layout and visualize the site’s framework, and then create mockups and models to test throughout the development process.

Prerequisite skills for Web Designing

The skill sets web designers to require to be successful vary, depending on each person’s specific role and specialty. However, generally speaking, some important skills include:

  • HTML and CSS Knowledge
  • Ability to understand the principles of web design and web accessibility standards
  • Responsive and Interactive designs
  • Conservative rates optimizations
  • User Journey Mappings
  • Wireframing and Prototyping
  • Branding, color, and typography.
  • Design tools and software

Some non-technical skills that web designer requires are good communication skills and good interpersonal relationships with co-workers.

What is Web Designing Course 

Web Designing Course -- Scope and Job Opportunities
Web Designing Course — Scope and Job Opportunities

Web Designing courses are part of the Computer Science and IT field that requires the students to learn server programming languages to create dynamic web pages.    

Web Design courses are highly favored by candidates who want to get a good start in the IT sector and bag high-paying jobs. Graduates, as well as undergraduates, seek web design training in order to enhance their programming skills and come up with creative designs. 

 Web designing courses can also be very helpful for graduates who have completed their Bachelor of Technology degree in B.Tech CSE or B.Tech IT courses.

Web Design courses vary depending upon the institute where you wish to apply and the type of course that you wish to pursue. There are degree, diploma, postgraduate degree as well as web designing certificate courses in the field of web designing.

List of Web Designing Courses

The table given below mentions some of the popular web designing courses in India. Find the level of the course along with the duration.

Name of Course Type of Course Duration
B.Sc in Multimedia and Web Design Degree 3 years
B.Sc in Web Design  Degree 3 years
B.Sc in Graphic and Web Design Degree 3 years
Diploma in Web Designing Diploma 2 years
Diploma in Web Designing & Software Development Diploma 2 years
Certificate Course in Web Designing Certification 18 months to 2 year
Certificate Course in Internet & Web Designing Certification 18 months to 2 year
Diploma Course in Multimedia & Web Designing Diploma 2 year
Advanced Diploma in Web Designing Diploma 1 year
Certificate Course in Multimedia Web Designing Certification 18 months to 2 year
Advanced Diploma in Office Automation & Web Designing Diploma 1 year
Certificate Course in Office Automation & Web Designing Certification 18 months to 2 year
Advanced Diploma in Multimedia & Web Designing Diploma 1 year
Certificate course in Application Software & Web Designing Certification 18 months to 2 year
Advanced Diploma in Internet & Web Designing Diploma 1 year
M.Sc in E-commerce & Web Design Degree 2 years
Post Graduate Diploma in Web Designing Diploma 2 years


Once completed, of course, candidates will be given a chance to work for many IT companies and other reputed companies.

Web Designing course fees

Course Name Duration Average Fees (INR)
Diploma in Web Designing 2 years 40,000 – 6 lakhs
Diploma in Multimedia & Web Designing 2 years 40,000 – 2 lakhs
Diploma in Web Designing & Software Development 2 years 50,000 – 15 lakhs
Advanced Diploma in Web Designing 1 year 12,000 – 1 lakh
Advanced Diploma in Multimedia & Web Designing 1 year                   
Advanced Diploma in Office Automation & Web Designing 1 year
Advanced Diploma in Internet & Web Designing 1 year
B.Sc. in Multimedia and Web Design 3 years 50,000 – 3 lakhs
B.Tech/BE in Computer Science or Information Technology 4 years INR 2 lakhs – 10 lakhs
Certificate in Web Designing 1 year – 2 years 20,000 – 40,000
Certificate in Multimedia Web Designing 1 year – 2 years INR 40,000 – 1.25 lakhs
Certificate in Internet & Web Designing 1 year – 2 years 20,000 – 30,000
Certificate in Office Automation & Web Designing 1 year – 2 years 5,500 – 50,000
Certificate in Application Software and Web Designing 1 year – 2 years 15,000 – 4 lakhs
Post Graduate Diploma in Web Designing 2 years 15,000 – 1 lakh
M.Sc. in E-Commerce and Web Design 2 years 30,000 – 50,000


 Top Institutes for Web Design Courses

Web Designing Course -- Scope and Job Opportunities
Web Designing Course — Scope and Job Opportunities

Here are a few of the top institutes in India where you can learn Web design and development.

  • National Institute of Design (NID), Ahmedabad
  • Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay
  • Arena Animation, Mumbai
  • Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Ambala
  • Indian School of Design and Innovation, Mumbai
  • All India Information Technology Association, Indore
  • Management and Design Academy, Delhi
  • National Institute of Fashion Technology, Raebareli

Can I learn web designing courses online?

Take Online web design certificate programs to build your design skills and advance your career. Modern, responsive web design involves understanding the technology and platforms used to access web content as well as the accessibility needs of users.

 Enroll in online courses by paying online web designing fees to develop your professional web designing abilities.

Web Designer Job Profile

After completing their web designing course, you can get recruited in a web designing company in the following job profie:

  • Front End Developer
  • Back End Developer
  • Web Analyst
  • Web Marketing Analyst
  • Web Application Developer
  • Web Designer
  • Design and Layout Analyst


A few of the job areas where Web designers can work in the industry are :

  • IT Corporations
  • Education Websites
  • Ad Agencies
  • Publishing Houses
  • Media Agencies
  • Marketing Companies
  • Design Agency

The Scope of Web Design

Web Designing Course -- Scope and Job Opportunities
Web Designing Course — Scope and Job Opportunities

Web designing has become one of the most highly in-demand jobs around the world. As a result, the scope of Web design in India is significantly increasing.

You must try to get experience working on websites outside of your degree. This will help you to build a portfolio of your design and development skills and technical ability.

Some degrees give students the option of carrying out a year-long paid placement during their studies.

The average salary of a web designer in the US is 56,000 US dollars and in the UK it is 23.000 Pounds. 

An average web designer salary is Rs 284,685 in India with a Variation between Rs 118,000 to 634,000 per annum depending on factors like location, experience level, company profile, etc.

Let us analyze some primary salary affecting factors.

  • Work Experience

 Your compensation varies on the amount of time and expertise you have gained through your work in web design, your compensation in terms of the amount received through projects, and also the amount that is generally paid in a managed services level that keeps increasing as you gain experience.

The salary of an entry-level web designer is around Rs 195,857. As he goes to the mid-level, the average web designer salary is around Rs 410,065 per annum. At the senior level, he earns around Rs 578,000 per annum. The average salary of the web designer at the late-career is around Rs 1,300,000.

  • Location

The average salary of a web designer increases by 25% if the location is Bangalore, by 8% in Mumbai, 3% in pune and by 1% in Hyderabad. It decreases by 16% if he is working in Ahmedabad and 30% if it is Kolkata.

  • Skills

          Your Skills are another major factor that decides your salary as a web designer. Web designing is a fast-evolving field with different innovations taking place.

The stiff competition among web designers has made these skills indispensable to web designers in order to retain their clients.          

Programming languages continue to upgrade with newer inventions in the field. From HTML, developers have moved onto Javascript and CSS and then there are the different subsets of coding specializations including C++, Python, Django to name a few. Each of these areas requires different skillsets and companies leverage those designers who display expertise in more than one domain of coding.

  • Company

Another factor to consider at this point is that the salary earned by the designer will depend on the firm which hires them. In case you are hired by a top company like Google at the entry-level you will earn more than that in a mid-size company.

Top Web Designer companies in India

Web Designing Course -- Scope and Job Opportunities
Web Designing Course — Scope and Job Opportunities

Here is the list of the top ten web design companies in India that provide professional web designing services to their clients.


Min. project size


< $25 / hr

2 – 9

Bengaluru, India



Avg. hourly rate

< $25 / hr

10 – 49

Ahmedabad, India


Avg. hourly rate

$50 – $99 / hr

50 – 249

Kolkata, India


Avg. hourly rate

$50 – $99 / hr


50 – 249

Ahmedabad, India


< $25 / hr


50 – 249

Ahmedabad, India


Avg. hourly rate

$25 – $49 / hr

250 – 999

Ahmedabad, India


Avg. hourly rate

$50 – $99 / hr

2 – 9

Zirakpur, India


Avg. hourly rate

< $25 / hr

10 – 49

New Delhi, India


Avg. hourly rate

< $25 / hr

10 – 49

Sahibzada Ajit Singh Nagar, India



Avg. hourly rate

< $25 / hr

10 – 49

Noida, India


Salaries of Related Roles Compared to Web Designer

Here are the average salaries of related roles compared to web designer’s salaries in India.

Front end Developer average annual salary in India: ₹490,385

PHP developer average annual salary in India: ₹287,651

Software engineer average annual salary in India: ₹514,537

Web Developer average annual salary in India: ₹308,040

Javascript Developer average annual salary in India: ₹557,000

The graphic Designer average annual salary in India: ₹300,671


Web designing has become a highly lucrative career for all those who have a knack for coding and an eye for design.

We now can understand clearly how the four factors of work experience, location, skills, and company affect the career and salary of a web designer.

With more and more the usage of the internet is increasing, it directly increases the demand for online marketing and increases the web designer salary in India because of the demand.







Architecture Colleges India – A Place to start an Exciting Career in Architecture 2021

This article covers courses, eligibility criteria, entrance exams for Architecture colleges, and job scope in the field of Architecture. 


Architecture, as a career prospect, has gained tons of attention from students who search for courses in architecture colleges that will cause a promising life ahead.  

With the increasing demand for qualified architects, not only in private spaces but also in public spaces at large, many opt for a course in the field.  

Courses in Architecture Colleges are generally a mixture of engineering, arts, and technology. 

The most basic requirement for this field is sweet drawing skills.  

Candidates can apply for personal also as public sector firms. 

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has released NIRF Rankings 2020 on June 11, 2020. 

 Last year, due to active participation from colleges, architecture colleges across India have also been ranked after careful assessment of parameters pre-notified by the Ministry.  

The 2020 NIRF Rankings for architecture colleges have been released by the HRD Minister. Architecture ranking may be a specialization of NIRF 2020 rankings amongst the 9 other specializations. 

To help one make the right choice while picking a college, NIRF has brought to you the top architecture colleges in India 

  • Architecture courses are generally a combination of engineering, arts, and technology.
  • The most basic requirement for this field is good drawing skills.
  • Candidates can apply for private as well as public sector firms.

The Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) has released NIRF Rankings 2020 on June 11, 2020. 

The Indian Institute of Technology – IIT Kharagpur and IIT Roorkee have done a notable job by holding the first and the second place respectively this year also.

NIRF Rankings 2020 for Archtecture Colleges
Architecture Colleges

Given below is the list of the top 10 architecture colleges in India along with their location and MHRD rank


Name of Architecture College Location NIRF 

Rank 2020

Fees{Rs) Annual Salary
Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, West Bengal 1 10.4lacs     11.45 lacs
Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Uttarakhand 2 10.5lacs 8 lacs
National Institute of Technology Kozhikode, Kerala 3 6.78 lacs                       6..20 lacs
CEPT University,      Ahmedabad 4 16 lacs 5 lacs
School of Planning & architecture New Delhi 5 1      1.67 lacs 5.40 lacs
IIEST,  Shibpur 6 1.94 lacs 3 lacs
School of Planning & Architecture,  Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 7 2.50 lacs 3 lacs
NIT Trichy 8 7 lacs 6 lacs
School of Planning and Architecture         Vijayawada, Andhra 9         2.79 lacs 3.80 lacs
Jamia Millia Islamia         New Delhi 10 55,750 4.80 lacs


Courses in Architecture Colleges

Architecture Colleges:

There has been a surge of opportunities within the field of Architecture since the past decade. With good Architecture Colleges and programs introduced during this field, there’s tons of scope for college kids who want to form a career in Architecture.  

Architecture College courses are generally a mixture of engineering topics, arts, and technology essential to the sector . There are various courses offered in Architecture Colleges in the field at different levels, however, B.Arch is the most popular program. On the completion of this course, candidates also can register for the Council of Architecture (COA). 

You can Find out more about the field below.

List of Architecture Courses:


Name of the Course Type of Course Duration
Diploma in Architecture Diploma/ Certificate 1 year
Diploma in Architecture Engineering Engineering Diploma 3 years
Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch) Undergraduate Degree 5 years
Masters of Architecture (M.Arch) Post-graduate Degree 2 years
Ph.D. in Architecture Doctoral Degree 2 years


How to Join Architecture Colleges

Architecture Colleges:

Eligibility and Entrance Exams for Architecture Colleges

 Diploma Courses in Architecture College

  • Students can apply for an engineering diploma after passing class 10 exams. 
  • For other diploma courses, 10+2 is that the minimum requirement. 

 B.Arch in Architecture College

  • Students must have completed class 12 with Mathematics and English as compulsory subjects and 50% aggregate marks in board exams. 
  • Students who have completed a 3-year diploma after class 10 can also apply for the B.Arch program. 
  • Most of the universities also require candidates to clear architecture entrance exams like JEE Main and NATA. For IITs you’ll need to qualify JEE Advanced. 
  • Private universities may conduct their own architecture entrance exams like BITSAT, SRMJEE, etc. 

  PG and Doctoral Degrees in Architecture College

  • For these courses, candidates must have completed B.Arch programs. 
  • Candidates are also required to pass PG entrance exams like GATE and CEED. 

Since NATA is considered to be one of the toughest exams one must start preparing for it from school days. One ofthe simplest ways to crack the doorway exam is to focus only on the NATA entrance examination

Since NATA is considered to be one of the toughest exams one must start preparing for it from school days. One of the easiest ways to crack the entrance exam is to focus only on the NATA entrance exam.

Does IIT accept the NATA score?

IITs, NITs, SPA, and only a few other engineering colleges don’t accept NATA scores.

Skills required to Join Architecture Colleges

  • ·   The most basic requirement for this field is good drawing skills and the ability to think creatively.
  • ·   Architecture aspirants must also have good observation skills and memory.
  • ·   Good communication skills are also essential for an architect to understand the design requirement of clients.
  • ·   Students are also required to possess some IT skills in order to operate the software used for architecture and designing.

   Architecture Colleges Fees in India

 Generally, B. Arch courses in Architecture colleges charge an 80-90k fee per semester and study stuff charge. 

Scope of architecture in India

Architecture Colleges:

The salary increases by approximately 12% every 17 months. The national average annual increment for all professions combined is 9% granted to employees every 16 months. 

 Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 5% to 8% of their annual salary. 

Architect fees are typically calculated as a percentage of the total construction costs, which are about 8% to 15%. Less commonly, they charge by the hour or sq ft . 

 Like any service provider, Architects add profit to their costs. Your negotiation must specialize in the quantity of profit added to every man-hour. The only thanks to knowing this margin is to ask them for it. These costs are all fixed and you ought to not expect them to return down. 

 Architecture has a lot of scope in India. Students who are pursuing B.Arch, or are 

Architecture may be a respected career and an architect typically earns above-average salaries. Large firms are trying to find fresh talent and new ideas,  so you’ll make tons of cash working as an architect. If you’re trying to find a sought-after, high-income profession, becoming an architect may be a good selection . 

 Architects earn excellent wages, but several factors lead to wide variations in their pay levels. The median annual salary for all architects within  us was $76,930, consistent with data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics for 2016. 

 A person working as an Architect in India typically earns around 38,000 INR per month. Salaries range from 19,000 INR (lowest) to 58,900 INR (highest). 

 This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits. Architect salaries vary drastically supported experience, skills, gender, or location. Below you’ll find an in-depth breakdown supported by many various criteria. 

Architects (s) in India is likely to observe a salary increase of approximately 12% every 17 months. The national average annual increment for all professions combined is 9% granted to employees every 16 months.

Those who got bonuses reported rates ranging from 5% to 8% of their annual salary.

Architect fees are typically calculated as a percentage of the total construction costs, or about 8% to 15%. Less commonly, they charge by the hour or square foot.

Like any service provider, Architects add profit to their costs. Your negotiation needs to focus on the amount of profit added to each man-hour. The only way to know this margin is to ask them for it. These costs are all fixed and you should not expect them to come down.

Which field is best for architecture?

Here are a number of the various fields where you’ll use your architecture degree: 

Architecture. the foremost obvious career option for architecture majors is additionally the foremost popular one.

  • Architecture. The most obvious career option for architecture majors is also the most popular one. 
  • Interior Design. Another popular field for architecture majors is interior design. 
  • Construction
  • Urban planning. 
  • Business. 
  • Education.


Architect firms, consultancies, government organizations have several positions open at all times for such positions. 

Some public and government organizations that provide jobs for architects are Archaeological Department, Central, and State Public Work Departments, City   Development Authorities, Department Of Railways, Housing and concrete Development Corporation, Housing Development Corporations, Ministry of Defense, Municipalities, National Building Organization, National Institutes of Urban Affairs and Housing, Public Works Department, State Housing Boards. 

Public sector employees in India earn 5% more than their private-sector counterparts on average across all sectors. 

After pursuing an education from a good college, you can also apply for field jobs anD well office jobs. Many of the architects also work independently after gaining experience and take small freelance projects. After completing your course, you’ll search for jobs that supported your skills. You can also apply for overseas jobs in countries like the USA, Australia, and Dubai. 

Top companies offering jobs to architects:
  • ·   Larsen & Toubro
  • ·   Jones Lang LaSalle Meghraj
  • ·   DLF
  • ·   Architect Consultants
  • ·   IMAXE
  • ·   Jindals
  • ·   Manchanda Associates
  • ·   Sahara Group
  • ·   Edifice Architects Pvt. Ltd.
  • ·   Chitra Vishwanath Architects
  • ·   VSA Space Design (P) Ltd.


There are immense opportunities for architects in the future. At present, only around 1.2 lakh architects are in India and there is a huge demand for new architects and building designers in near future.

Agriculture colleges in India – How to Start a Dynamic Career in Agriculture 2021

Agriculture forms the backbone of the Indian economy. As the agriculture sector is growing in the country the demand for trained professionals in the field is also increasing. So does the demand for Agriculture colleges in India.

Candidates can pursue graduation or post-graduation degree courses within the field of agriculture from various agriculture colleges, after which they will secure jobs in both the govt and personal sectors. A graduate/ post-graduate during this field can get appointed as an Agricultural Research Scientist, Agriculture Officer, Production Manager, Farm Manager, etc. Interested students also can choose jobs within the field of teaching, banking, and insurance.


What is ICAR?

Agriculture colleges in India

(Indian Council for Agriculture Research)ICAR is an autonomous organization that falls under the ambit of the Department of Agricultural Research and Education (DARE), Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. The council is liable for the coordination and management of research and education in agriculture colleges within the field of agriculture in India.

ICAR is the regulating body. It has listed 4 deemed universities, 65 agriculture colleges, 14 national research centers, 6 national bureaus, and 13 directorates/project directorates.


Top Colleges for Agriculture in India — ICAR Colleges Ranking

If you’re eying a successful career within the field of agriculture, it’s important that you simply enroll during a reputed university so as to realize maximum benefits within the form of good faculty and campus facilities. Therefore, given below are the top 10 agricultural colleges in India as per the rankings released by the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) in 2018.



ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute Karnal ICAR Deemed Universities 1


Punjab Agricultural University Ludhiana State Agricultural Universities 2
 ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute New Delhi ICAR Deemed Universities 3


ICAR-Indian Veterinary Research Institute Izatnagar ICAR Deemed Universities 4


G B Pant University of Agriculture & Technology Pantnagar State Agricultural Universities 5


Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agricultural University Hisar State Agricultural Universities 6


Guru Angad Dev Veterinary and Animal Sciences University Ludhiana State Agricultural Universities 7


Tamil Nadu Agricultural University Coimbatore State Agricultural Universities 8


University of Agricultural Sciences Dharwad Dharwad State Agricultural Universities 9


Professor Jayashankar Telangana State Agricultural University Hyderabad State Agricultural Universities 10


Agricultural Education Courses in India

Agriculture colleges in India

Agriculture is one of the highly evolving industries in India. It is an industry that continuously requires highly skilled and proficient individuals.

 With multiple choices in courses in the agricultural field today, students in India have a variety of options to pick from. They can opt for a long-term course, a short-term course, or a distance learning course.

 Also a bit like other courses a student can choose Undergraduate courses, Postgraduate courses, Postgraduate (PG) Diploma courses, Postgraduate (PG) certificate courses, or Ph.D. programs in agriculture colleges.

Below mentioned are lists of Agriculture courses in agriculture colleges in India a student can apply for-


UG Courses in Agriculture 2020

Agriculture colleges in India

Check out the list of Undergraduate (UG) courses in agriculture colleges:

Course Duration
B.E. Or B.Tech in Agricultural Engineering 4 Years
B.E. Or B.Tech in Agricultural Information Technology 4 Years
B.E. Or B.Tech in Dairy Technology 4 Years
B.E. Or B.Tech in Agriculture and Dairy Technology 4 Years
B.E. Or B.Tech Agricultural and Food Engineering 4 Years
B.Sc. in Agriculture 3 Years
B.Sc. in Dairy Science 3 Years
B.Sc. in Plant Science 3 Years
B.Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology 3 Years
B.Sc. in Agriculture and Food Science 3 Years
B.Sc. in Horticulture 3 Years
B.Sc. in Fisheries Science 3 Years
B.Sc. in Plant Pathology 3 Years
B.Sc. in Forestry 3 Years
BBA in Agriculture Management 4 Years


Eligibility for UG Courses in Agriculture colleges

Below mentioned is the eligibility for Undergraduate (UG) Courses in Agriculture

Eligibility for B.Tech/B.E. in Agriculture colleges

The minimum eligibility for B.Tech and B.E. in Agriculture is passing class 12 in Biology, Maths, and Chemistry stream.

Eligibility for B.Sc. in Agriculture colleges

The minimum eligibility for B.Sc. in Agriculture is passing class 12 in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Maths. Also, the minimum age limit to apply for B.Sc. in Agriculture is 18 and there is no upper age limit for the same.

Eligibility for BBA in Agriculture colleges

The basic eligibility for aspiring candidates for BBA in Agriculture is passing class 12 with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as the main subjects.

PG Courses in Agriculture Colleges 2020

Agriculture colleges in India

Check out the complete list of PG courses in the field of Agriculture here:

Course Duration
M.E. Or M.Tech in Agricultural Engineering 2 Years
M.E. Or M.Tech in Agricultural Information Technology 2 Years
M.E. Or M.Tech in Dairy Technology 2 Years
M.E. Or M.Tech in Agriculture and Dairy Technology 2 Years
M.E. Or M.Tech Agricultural and Food Engineering 2 Years
M.Sc. in Agriculture 2 Years
M.Sc. in Dairy Science 2 Years
M.Sc. in Plant Science 2 Years
M.Sc. in Agricultural Biotechnology 2 Years
M.Sc. in Agriculture and Food Science 2 Years
M.Sc. in Horticulture 2 Years
M.Sc. in Fisheries Science 2 Years
M.Sc. in Plant Pathology 2 Years
M.Sc. in Forestry 2 Years
MBA in Agriculture Management 2 Years


Eligibility for PG Courses in Agriculture colleges

Below mentioned is the eligibility for postgraduate courses in Agriculture colleges.

Eligibility for M.Tech/M.E. in Agriculture colleges.

The basic eligibility is qualifying B.Tech/B.E. in relevant discipline.

Eligibility for M.Sc. in Agriculture colleges.

The minimum eligibility for M.Sc. in Agriculture is a relevant bachelor’s degree.

Eligibility for MBA in Agriculture colleges.

The basic eligibility is a bachelor’s degree in any stream.

PG Diploma Courses in Agriculture Colleges

Agriculture colleges in India

Students with a valid bachelor’s degree can go for PG Diploma courses in Agriculture as well. Given below is a list of courses they can choose from.

  •   PG Diploma in Agriculture
  •   PG Diploma in Dairy Technology
  •   PG Diploma in Horticulture
  •   PG Diploma in Floriculture
  •   PG Diploma in Food Processing
  •   Advanced Diploma in Plant Biology
  •   Advanced Diploma in Plant Pathology
  •   Advanced Diploma in Fisheries Science
  •   Advanced Diploma in Fertilizer Technology


Eligibility for PG Diploma Courses in Agriculture colleges.

Anyone with a relevant bachelor’s degree is eligible for PG Diploma courses. 

Certificate Courses in Agriculture Colleges

There are some PG certificate courses in India that can be considered after completing an undergraduate course. Some of them are listed below.

  •   PG Certificate in Horticulture
  •   PG Certificate in Beekeeping
  •   PG Certificate in Floriculture
  •   PG Certificate in Aquaculture
  •   PG Certificate in Fish Farming
  •   PG Certificate in Fruit Production
  •   PG Certificate in Farm Management
  •   PG Certificate in Fertilizer Technology
Eligibility for PG Certificate Courses in Agriculture colleges

The basic eligibility for a PG certificate is a bachelor’s degree in any discipline.

The scope of Agriculture is immense. It involves knowledge of technology, science, and the environment. The courses in India as discussed above are a student’s gateway to a bright future in the agricultural sphere.

PG Certificate Courses in Agriculture Colleges

There are some PG certificate courses in India that can be considered after completing an undergraduate course. Some of them are listed below.

  •   PG Certificate in Horticulture
  •   PG Certificate in Bee Keeping
  •   PG Certificate in Floriculture
  •   PG Certificate in Aquaculture
  •   PG Certificate in Fish Farming
  •   PG Certificate in Fruit Production
  •   PG Certificate in Farm Management
  •   PG Certificate in Fertilizer Technology
Eligibility for PG Certificate Courses in Agriculture colleges

The basic eligibility for a PG certificate is a bachelor’s degree in any discipline.

E-Krishishiksha – Bsc online agriculture study

Under the financial support of NAIP, all the e-Course contents available on this website have been developed by subject matter specialists of the respective disciplines at State Agricultural Universities in India and Deemed Universities of ICAR, New Delhi. The course material is prepared as per ICAR approved syllabus for the benefit of undergraduate students already enrolled in Indian Agricultural Universities.

SNo Online e-Courses To Download Offline e-Courses
1 B.Sc.(Agriculture)
2 B.V.Sc.(Veterinary & AH)
3 B.F.Sc.(Fisheries Science)
4 B.Tech. (Dairy Technology)
5 B.Sc.(Home Science)
6 B.Tech.(Agricultural Engineering)
7 B. Sc. (Horticulture)


 The scope of Agriculture is immense. It involves knowledge of technology, science, and the environment. The courses in India as discussed above are a student’s gateway to a bright future in the agricultural sphere.


How can I apply for the entrance exam in agriculture colleges?

Students can’t get direct admission to government universities/ colleges without an entrance exam.

The candidates will have to either appear for the ICAR AIEEA/ state-level exam. … However, the ICAR AIEEA score is valid for only 15% of seats in agriculture universities or participating institutes.

ICAR 2021 Admission Process for agriculture colleges
  1. Step 1: Fill ICAR AIEEA Application Form. Candidates can submit the AIEEA application form for both UG and PG admissions in agriculture colleges in the online mode only. …
  2. Step 3: Give AIEEA UG/AIEEA PG Exam for agriculture college. AIEEA entrance exam is of 2½ hours duration. …
  3. Step 4: Check ICAR AIEEA Result. …
  4. Step 5: Appear for Counselling.


Best countries to study agriculture
  •    The USA.
  •    The UK.
  •    Canada.
  •     Fiji.
  •     Australia.
  •     Lebanon.
  •     Finland.


Is agriculture a good career in India?

Agriculture colleges in India

According to the OECD Global Report, the country which pays the highest salary in the world is Luxembourg, where a worker gets an average salary of Rs. 40 lacs per year. After this country, the USA is on the second spot which pays Rs. 37.85 lacs per year.

As a student, if your interest lies in the agriculture sector, then you must be curious to know the scope and future of BSc Agriculture Science in India. You can do many things after completing B.Sc. Agriculture in India. 

Options start with higher studies options of Masters in Agricultural Sciences, Masters in Science, MBA/PGDM, and even get scholarships.

Highest Paying Jobs Agriculture Industry

Professions in agribusiness offer many open doors for graduates studying agriculture. It is an exceptionally adaptable field that gives positions in a broad scope of workplaces. For agriculture alumni who are searching for the best-paying professions in this field, the accompanying career options might be of intrigue. Not exclusively, these responsibilities pay very well; however, as a rule, candidates need just a four-year college education in agriculture to acquire an entry-level position.

Some of the highest paying agriculture jobs are:

1. Biochemist

Average annual salary: INR 390,000

Biochemistry is a part of science that manages the investigation of science and science of living beings to profit humanity. In the field of horticulture, the biochemist attempted to create up the fast developing, high yielding; bug and drought spell safe varieties. Rural ventures employ natural chemists to assess, create and find the market items to improve the creation of agricultural items which enhance the creatures and human wellbeing.

2. Food Scientist

Average annual salary: INR 750,000

If you’ve at any time wondered who’s responsible for making the dietary data imprinted on the rear of your pack of chips, well, you’ve gotten it: it’s nourishment researchers. They didn’t put it there to cause you to feel awful about the amount of calories you only ate; food scientists accumulate this data to ensure security and to decide to what extent prepared things can be protected. They regularly work with different researchers to make sure that the nourishment delivered within the country is safe for utilization. In case you are the sort who must recognize what precisely they’re placing in their bodies, at that time this might appear to be a dream career option for you.


3. Environmental Engineer

Average annual salary: INR 433,270

Deciding to settle on the career option in environmental engineering is another astounding professional decision for agribusiness majors. Environmental engineers have numerous significant responsibilities, including attempting to enhance things like air and water quality, general wellbeing, and waste removal. Contingent upon where ecological specialists plan to work, one may likewise be in charge of performing internal control and investigating industrial facilities. While a four-year certification is usually required for an entry-level position in this field, a graduate degree can widen one’s business openings.

4. Agricultural Lawyer

Average annual salary: INR 395,000

Agricultural lawyers are in charge of moderating disputes ashore while ensuring that each one government guidelines are clung to. Since there are numerous guidelines encompassing property rules, agrarian legal advisors additionally also got to manage issues concerning farming framework, protection, and property. They likewise handle cases that include labor laws, environmental insurance, and appropriate land use.


5. Agricultural Operations Manager

Average annual salary: INR 778,278

Agricultural operations managers are ordinarily accountable for maintaining huge agribusinesses, for example, grain assembling and factories. Aside from guaranteeing that everyday activities run efficiently, they’re additionally entrusted with directing inventory(stock) and driving staff members. Including having some fundamental knowledge of farming, you ought to likewise have great organization and communication abilities to prevail as an agricultural manager.

6. Animal Geneticist

Average annual salary: INR 4,62,383

Animal geneticists are responsible for finding what makes creatures feeble and what keeps them healthy. By contemplating their hereditary cosmetics, animal geneticists can crossbreed various species to form another variety (or half breed) of creatures that are substantially more versatile as they seem to be a mix of the foremost attractive attributes found within the species they were produced using.

7. Agricultural Engineers

Average annual salary: INR 497,492

Another excellent career option for agriculture majors is to acquire a position as an agricultural engineer. Agrarian specialists work for a broad scope of exercises that will incorporate aquaculture, land farming, forestry, preservation improvement, ecological planning, and biofuel advancement. People who pick this career must have a four-year college education in agriculture. These positions are as of now in moderate interest, as indicated by the Bureau of Labor Statistics.


8. Agronomy Sales Manager

Average annual salary: INR 446,238

One of the fundamental drivers of the farming business in agronomy sales. These experts are responsible for preparing the team which will attend better places to instruct farmers on the simplest thanks to believing their land and harvests appropriately. Simultaneously, they additionally promote and sell their items which are regular seeds, soil, and manures. If you’re keen on farming and you’re honored with the endowment of selling abilities, at that time, this is often an honest career choice for you.

9. Bioinformatics Scientist

Average annual salary: INR 800,000

Plant and creature life is generally diverse, which is the reason for assembling and refreshing data on every one of them is amazingly troublesome – and that is where bioinformatics scientists come in. With the assistance of innovation and software engineering, bioinformatics researchers can build up a progressively powerful method for understanding biodiversity. Through computerized data mining and integration, different scientists can process the information a lot snappier and more straightforward; this is particularly helpful in the field of plant or crop hereditary qualities which is crucial to the agricultural industry.

10. Agricultural Economist

Average annual salary: INR 828,744

To fill within the position of an agricultural economist, you ought to be found out to wear various caps. In addition to the very fact that they work as scientists and market examiners, on the opposite hand, they’re business guides, advisors, and land appraisers. They manage everything without exception that has got to do with the agrarian market, from creating estimates and inspiring their clients to make a decision about the value of land and foreseeing which harvests to develop. Because of the dimensions of their work, it’s no big surprise why they’re paid boatloads of cash. If you have astounding multitasking skills, this is the best career option you should choose.

To apply for the jobs mentioned above roles, a candidate should have a 3-4 year college education in agriculture colleges to acquire an entry-level position as professions in agribusiness are now offering many open positions for graduates studying agriculture.

Some students of agricultural sciences prefer to become entrepreneurs. They embark upon the journey with a vision to supply unique solutions to the agricultural problems within the world.

In conclusion, there’s abundant scope abound for candidates after BSc from agriculture college. The purpose of education is to empower individuals that ultimately leads to the collective betterment of society as a whole. Agriculture is one of the basic fields on which humanity survives, it is needed that bright young minds shed their inhibitions, critically analyze their options, and join this field.

Note: The average annual salary data taken from various sources like Payscale India, Salary Expert, etc.




National Law Universities – How to make an Exciting Career in Law in 2021?

In India, National law universities (NLU) or National law schools are law schools founded pursuant to the second-generation reforms for legal education sought to be implemented by the Bar Council of India.

These universities are public institutions established by the state governments of India and are regulated by the Bar Council of India and therefore the Ministry of Law and Justice (India).

The first NLU being The National school of law of India University (NLSIU), located at Bangalore, which admitted its first batch in 1988. Since then, every state in India has established a National Law University.

Since their inception, these law schools have continuously been ranked as India’s top-most law schools. and also been ranked amongst the world’s best law schools by leading agencies like Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) and Times education .

With steep placement packages and high-end research output with global recognition, there are 23 “National law universities” in India. A bill within the Lok Sabha called The National Law Universities of India Bill, 2016 is into account which could give the NLUs the status of Institute of National Importance in India.

History of Law Education in India

National Law Universities

Traditionally legal education in India was conducted through the medium of non-specialized universities of India which granted law degrees like all other graduate degrees.

These Universities referred to and taught the curriculum prescribed by the Bar Council of India but since they were under the overall control and supervision of the University Grants Commission and therefore it had been impossible for the Bar Council to effectively pursue reforms in legal education.

This system continued for quite 20 years with the overall legal education supervision by the Bar Council, since its establishment in terms of the Advocates Act, 1961.

However, there have been involving reforms from all quarters of the country generally due to the falling standards of the bar and there have been mounting pressures over the Bar Council of India to cause change within the way during which legal education was imparted in India.

The first concrete decision to the present end was taken in 1984 when various proposals to modernize legal education were considered and approved by the “Legal Education Committee” of the Bar Council, in an effort to enhance legal education throughout India.

One of the main proposals was the choice to determine specialized institutions to impart legal education in an integrated and diversified manner. The aim was to revitalize the bar by making law as a beautiful profession and making it competitive to draw in talent, which was hitherto diverted to other professional areas such as Medicine, Engineering, etc..

Structure of National Law Schools

Quite in contrast with the prevailing pattern of legal education in India, the proposed autonomous law schools varied in structural design and in various other respects. Some of these are often identified through the characteristics they carry, these being;

Autonomous status of the law schools: This implied that the law schools carried either a ‘deemed university or a ‘university status, which empowered them to grant their own degree and which was recognized by other institutions in terms of the University Grants Commission regulations.

Five-year law program: Earlier law degrees were granted only to those candidates who had already completed their graduation and after three years of formal legal education. However, the admission to these autonomous law schools was only to those candidates who had completed Grade 12.

Integrated degrees: In these autonomous law schools, students studied for an academic degree in integration with another degree of their choice. This allowed prospective advocates to have an understanding of areas other than law.

Intensive legal education: These law schools were given autonomy to devise the imparting of the curriculum in a manner which would best suit the candidate’s ability to understand legal concepts and ability to appreciate various issues involved in a legal setting and instill in them the merit and reasoning standards required for a high professional conducts.

National status of law schools: These schools are recognized by the university grants commission as “state universities” and are affiliated with the Bar Council of India.

Involvement of legal luminaries: To enhance standards of legal education and ensure education imparted in these institutions met desired standards, the Bar Council of India involved various prestigious and talented individuals like the Judge of Indian courts or Chancellors with these law schools.

List of National Law Schools

National Law Universities

The list of National Law Schools in India (As Per Year of Establishment) is as follows:

  1. National Law School of India University, Bangalore
  2. NALSAR University of Law, Hyderabad
  3. The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
  4. National Law Institute University, Bhopal
  5. National Law University, Jodhpur, Jodhpur
  6. Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
  7. Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
  8. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow
  9. Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
  10. National Law School and Judicial Academy, Assam, Guwahati
  11. National Law University, Odisha, Cuttack
  12. National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
  13. Chanakya National Law University, Patna
  14. National Law University, Delhi
  15. Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Vishakhapatnam
  16. National University of Study and Research in Law, Ranchi
  17. Tamil Nadu National Law University, Trichy
  18. Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
  19. Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
  20. Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
  21. Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla
  22. Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur
  23. B.R. Ambedkar National Law University, Sonipat

 Top 10 National Law Colleges

National Law Universities

Overall, around 3,800 institutes applied for the NIRF 2020 rankings. Check the complete list of top 10 law colleges in India as per NIRF 2020 Rankings:

Name of Institute/College City & State NIRF 2020


National Law School of India University Bengaluru, Karnataka 1
National Law University New Delhi, Delhi 2
Nalsar University of Law Hyderabad, Telangana 3
Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur Kharagpur, West Bengal 4
National Law University Jodhpur, Rajasthan 5
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences Kolkata, West Bengal 6
Gujarat National Law University Gandhinagar, Gujarat 7
Symbiosis Law School Pune, Maharashtra 8
Jamia Millia Islamia New Delhi, Delhi 9
The Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law Patiala, Punjab 10


National Law Universities entrance exams

Admission to LLB and LLM in the National law schools in India are based on performance in Common Law Admission Test (CLAT).

Common-Law Admission Test (CLAT) is a centralized national level entrance test for admissions to twenty-three National Law Universities (NLU) in India.

NLU Delhi admits students through the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET).

Most private and self-financed law schools in India also use these scores for law admissions.

Public sector undertakings in India like ONGC, Coal India, BHEL, Steel Authority of India, Oil India, etc. use CLAT Post Graduation ( CLAT PG) scores for recruitment of legal positions in the companies.

The test is taken after the Higher Secondary Examination or the 12th grade for admission to an integrated under-graduate degree in Law (BA LL.B) and after Graduation in Law for Master of Laws (LL.M) programs offered by these law schools.

CLAT 2020 was conducted on August 22, in online mode. A total of 22 NLUs are coming together for the Common Law Admission Test. 

National Law Universities fees structure

National Law Universities

Different law colleges in India has different fees structure. There is no uniform or common fees structure for national law universities.

There are 23 National Law universities (NLUs) in India including NLU Delhi. While all NLUs take admission through the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT), NLU Delhi admits students through the All India Law Entrance Test (AILET).

We have listed all the NLUs with fees for the five-year LLB courses i.e. BA LLB, BCom LLB, BBA LLB as well as the LLM course.

NLU Fees – Components

The admission fee of NLUs comprises various components i.e. annual fees, one-time fees as well as deposits as under:

  • Tuition fee
  • Admission fee
  • Infrastructure and development fee
  • Library, ID card, examination fee, basic amenities fees
  • Sports, gym, medical, internet, electricity, moot court charges
  • Hostel facilities, mess deposit

NLUs Fees Structure – Category-wise

The candidates need to pay the admission-cum course fee once they secure admission through the CLAT counseling or AILET counseling.

Here are  first-year fees structure of 5 NLUs in India:

National Law Universities UG Fees PG Fees
NLU Bangalore Gen category – Rs 2,62,000

SC/ ST/ PWD – Rs 2,58,875


Gen category – Rs 1,89,500

SC/ ST/ PWD – Rs 1,86,375


NALSAR, Hyderabad. Gen category – Rs 2,42,000

SC/ ST/ PWD – Rs 2,36,000


Gen category – Rs 1,75,000

SC/ ST/ PWD – Rs 1,69,000


NLU , Delhi (through AILET) Rs 1,86,000 Rs 1,85,000 ( for non-hostellers the fees is Rs 1,39,000
NLU, Bhopal Rs 2,37,250 Rs 2,06,250
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences (WBNUJS) Kolkata Rs 1,96,200 Rs 2,06,000

Application Fees for NLU Entrance Exams

The application fees for CLAT and AILET exams are as under:

CLAT Admission Fees

General/ OBC/ PWD/ NRI/ PIO/ OCI candidates Rs 4000
SC/ST/BPL Rs 3500


AILET Admission Fees

General Category/ Kashmiri Migrants/ Resident of Jammu & Kashmir Rs 3050
PWD/SC/ST category Rs 1050
Below Poverty Line candidates from SC/ ST category No application fee

List of NLU Courses

National Law Universities

The undergraduate courses in law are offered as a five-year integrated degree as under:

UG  Courses

NLUs  offering UG Courses

Bachelor of Arts Bachelor of Law (BA LLB)  Hons. NLU Delhi, NLSIU Bangalore, NLU Hyderabad, NUJS West Bengal, HNLU Raipur, GNLU Gandhinagar, RMNLU Lucknow, RGNUL Panjab, CNLU Patna, NUALS Kochi, NLU Odisha, NUSRL Ranchi, NLUJAA Assam, DSNLU Visakhapatnam, TNNLU Tiruchirapalli, MNLU Mumbai, MNLU Nagpur, MNLU Aurangabad, HPNLU Shimla, DNLU Jabalpur, Dr B R Ambedkar NLU Sonepat, NLIU Bhopal, NLU Jodhpur, NUALS Kochi
Bachelor of Business Administration (BBA) LLB Hons. NLU Jodhpur, GNLU Gandhinagar, CNLU Patna, NLU Odisha, HPNLU Shimla
Bachelor of Science (BSc) LLB NUJS West Bengal, GNLU Gandhinagar
Bachelor of Commerce (BCom) LLB GNLU Gandhinagar, TNNLU Tiruchirapalli
Bachelor of Social Work (BSW) LLB GNLU Gandhinagar


Postgraduate Courses at NLUs 

Some of the postgraduate course offered at NLUs are as under:

PG courses

NLUs offering PG courses

Master of Law (LLM) RMNLU Lucknow, GNLU Gandhinagar, HNLU Raipur, NLU Jodhpur, NUJS West Bengal, NLIU Bhopal, NLSIU Bangalore, RGNUL Panjab, CNLU Patna, NUALS Kochi, NLU Odisha, NUSRL Ranchi, NLUJA Assam, DSNLU Visakhapatnam, TNNLU Tiruchirapalli, MNLU Mumbai, MNLU Nagpur, MNLU Aurangabad, HPNLU Shimla, DBRANLU, Sonepat
Doctor of Law (LLD)/ PhD in Law HNLU Raipur, NLIU Bhopal, NLSIU Bangalore, GNLU Gandhinagar, RGNUL Panjab, CNLU Patna, NLUJA Assam, TNNLU Tiruchirapalli, HPNLU Shimla, NUALS Kochi, MNLU Mumbai
Master of Philosophy (MPhil) degree NLSIU Bangalore, NLU Odisha

NLUs Placements

National Law Universities

The Law School has a unique and innovative curriculum in which Practical Training occupies an important place.

Practical training attempts to show the scholars to different aspects of legal add lawyer’s chambers, courts, administrative offices, quasi-judicial establishments, prosecution departments, police and correctional institutions, commercial corporate establishments, government law offices, legal aid centers, legislative secretariats, etc.

The NLS Recruitment Coordination Committee (RCC) and placement officer will work with recruiters to streamline the location process. Student profiles and other relevant details are shared with the recruiters.

The recruiters may conduct Pre-Placement Talks to give in-depth information about the organization, including the roles and profiles being offered. The presentation is followed by a Q&A session, where students interact with company officials to get a better understanding of the organization and potential roles.

In response to job descriptions given by the recruiters, applications are invited and resumes of interested applicants are shared with the recruiters through the location office. A detailed resume is submitted by the scholars as a part of the appliance process.

On the idea of students’ applications, recruiters are required to send an inventory of shortlisted students to the RCC a minimum of every week before their final placement interviews. Recruiters conduct their selection process which typically comprises CV-based shortlisting, group discussions, and interviews.

The recruiter can make a suggestion to the scholar after the ultimate interview. For a suggestion to be valid, it should include details of the role, location, remuneration, and other relevant terms and conditions required by the candidate to form a choice.

Generally, the placements at the National Law Universities are held in April-May per annum. The recruiters visit campuses of law universities and shortlist candidates based on their academic profile and legal aptitude.

Each NLU has its own ‘Placement Bureau’ or ‘Recruitment Committee’ that manages the whole campus placement process. The recruitment and placement process at NLUs comprises:

NLU Placement Report 2019

Name of NLUs Average Domestic CTC (per annum – in lakh) Total Students


National Law School of India University, Bangalore Rs 15 lakh 44 students
National Law University, Delhi Rs 15 lakh 41 students
National Academy of Legal Study & Research (NALSAR) University of Law, Hyderabad Rs 12 lakh 47 students
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata Rs 15 lakh 40 students
National Law Institute University, Bhopal Rs 14 lakh 41 students
National Law University, Jodhpur Rs 16 lakh 39 students
Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur Rs 16 lakh 56 students
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar Rs 15 lakh 49 students
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala Rs 6 lakh 33 students
Chanakya National Law University Patna Rs 14 lakh 24 students


Placement Training aims to teach professional skills, essential aspects of professional ethics and social responsibility issues and management of challenging situations in practical and professional life.

It further provides opportunities for public service, developing useful professional contacts and for relating theoretical knowledge obtained in the library and the classrooms to social realities.

How Facebook Ads is Important in Digital Marketing 78?

Facebook ads are targeted to users who supported their location, demographic, and profile information. Many of those options are only available on Facebook. After creating a billboard, you set a budget and bid for every click or thousand impressions that your ad will receive.

Facebook Ads can appear in News Feed on desktop, News Feed on mobile, and in the Right Column of Facebook on desktop. Ad content is usually paired with news about social actions that your friends have taken, like liking a Page. Your friends might see news about the social actions that you simply have taken in Facebook ads.

Facebook ads are created based on five factors:

  • Awareness
  • Consideration
  • Conversion
  • Loyalty
  • Advocacy

First, you have to create a Facebook ads account. Then, to get to your Facebook ads manager, you can click on the drop-down arrow in the upper right corner of your Facebook page and choose “Manage Ads” from the drop-down.

What is Facebook Business Manager

In Facebook Business Manager, you can create ads using two tools:

  • Facebook Ads Manager
  • Facebook Power Editor

Although both are similar, the power editor offers more in-depth features. For example, while the ads manager only has 10 objectives(or the marketing goal you choose when creating an ad, the power editor has 14.

A guide to Facebook Ads Manager

Facebook ads manager is a Facebook tool where you can create your Facebook ads. You can view, make changes and see results for your Facebook Campaign, ad set, and ads.

What is Facebook Campaign Manager?

Facebook Campaign Manager is an ad management tool to make, edit and analyze paid promotional Facebook campaigns. Facebook recently combined ads manager and power editor into one platform to make it easier to create and monitor ads campaign to create multiple platforms owned by Facebook, including Instagram ads.

How do you create Facebook ads step by step

How Facebook Ads help in Digital Marketing

Here are the steps for you to set up a Facebook ad campaign.

Select your campaign objective

To choose the proper ad objective, answer the question “what’s the foremost important outcome i would like from this ad?”

Set up your Audience Targeting.

Using what you recognize about the people you would like to succeed in – like age, location, and other details – choose the demographics, interests, and behaviors that best represent your audience.

Set up your ad placement.

Next, choose where you want to run your ad – whether that’s on Facebook, Instagram, Messenger, Audience Network, or across them all. In this step, you’ll also prefer to run ads on specific mobile devices.

Set up your Campaign Budget and bidding.

Enter your daily or lifetime budget, and therefore the period of time during which you would like your ads to run. These limits mean that you’re going to never spend quite what you’re comfortable with.

Set up your Facebook ad

When you submit your ad, it goes to our ad auction which helps catch on to the proper people.

With a few clicks, you can run across Facebook, Instagram, Audience Network, and messenger. You can reach people in their favorite apps and websites in a single campaign.

Facebook needs at least 50-100 conversions per ad per week to fully leverage the algorithm, so your ad sets need a reasonable budget for the Facebook delivery system to power your ads.

How to write a good ad copy.

  1. Mirror the User’s objective.
  2. Include numbers or statistics in your Headlines.
  3. Apply to user’s sense of entitlement.
  4. Include emotional triggers in your ads.
  5. Create unique, keyword-rich display URLs.
  6. Prioritize your best copy.

 What is the Facebook ads library?

How Facebook Ads help in Digital Marketing

The Ad Library provides advertising transparency by offering a comprehensive, searchable collection of all ads currently running from across Facebook apps and services, including Instagram.

For ads that are about social issues, elections, or politics, you can also search ads that are inactive. Transparency is a priority for Facebook to help prevent interference in elections, so the Ad Library also shows you additional information about these ads, such as who funded the ad, a variety of what proportion they spent, and therefore the reach of the ad across multiple demographics. Facebook stores these ads in the library for seven years

You can view and use the Add Library at

 How to use Facebook ads library

To search for all ads:
Ads are traveled by Facebook Pages, which suggests that your search results are going to be grouped by Pages. To see these ads:

  1. Go to the Ad Library at
  2. Make sure you have the correct country selected. In the top right of the Ad Library, you can select the country you’d like to view.
  3. Above the search bar, click All Ads.
  4. Enter what you’re looking for in the search bar.
  5. You’ll see a drop-down menu with results that relate to what you entered. Click on the result to see ads.

Viewing the Facebook ad library report

In addition to searching the Ad Library, in some countries you’ll also review a weekly report about issue, electoral or political ads during a given country, for a given period of time. You can see things like what proportion advertisers are spending and popular search terms.

The online version of this report typically lists the very best spending advertisers. To see the complete list of advertisers, you can download the full report at

The Ad Library Report includes:

  • The estimated total amount spent by each advertiser from the start of the Library or the first ad creation date (whichever came later) until the end of the selected week.
  • The total number of ads this advertiser has in the Library.
  • The estimated total amount spent by each advertiser for the selected week.
  • The total number of ads the advertiser has in the Library during the selected week.
  • Weekly top search terms.
  • Top advertiser spends in a region of a country.

 What is Facebook Pixel

A Facebook Pixel introduced in 2017, is an analysts tools that consist of a Javascript code that you can put on your website. The Pixel fires to track site visitors. This data allows you to retarget those users with Facebook ads within the future, also on see once they return.

You can create additional Facebook Pixels(up to 100) through the business manager, but often you need only one Pixel for your websites.

With Facebook Pixel, you can build Custom conversions, Custom audiences and build better ads overall.

What are Facebook Custom Conversions

Facebook Custom conversions work with the Facebook Pixel to help you track conversions. Helps you optimize the ad for conversions. Facebook will show the ad to the people who are most likely to convert.

What  are Facebook  Custom  Audiences

How Facebook Ads help in Digital Marketing

Facebook Custom Audiences offer a number of the simplest targeting available. They are highly defined groups of individuals who have already got a relationship together with your business, like past customers, people that have visited your website, or people that have installed your app.

There are three types of audiences on Facebook.

  • Saved Audience
  • Custom Audience
  • Lookalike Audience.
  • Facebook Saved Audience

Saved Audiences are the audiences that you simply can define by choosing people’s interests location, age, gender, used devices, income level, etc. You can create Saved Audiences both within the campaign setup phase or within the Audience Manager.

Location-based targeting

Facebook allows you to target people in specific locations, including:

  • Country
  • State/Region
  • Counties
  • DMA (Designated Market Area)
  • City
  • Postal Code
  • Specific Address Radius

Simply type in the regions you wish to target.

Demographics-based targeting

As you click on the Demographics tab, you’ll get plenty of targeting topics to refine your audience based on many options. The basic 3 are:

Age – If you’re targeting an audience with a specified age range, you can easily reach them by telling Facebook who your ideal customers are.

Gender – You can also select to target a particular gender.

Language – If you’re advertising in a particular language, you might want to only target the people who can understand your ads.

Interest-based targeting

Interests are one among the simplest (and easiest) Facebook ads targeting options as they permit you to focus on people specifically curious about a topic associated with your product. For example, you’ll target people curious about your competitors or your broader market segment, or magazines and blogs covering your market.

Behavior-based targeting

Unlike precise Interests, Behaviors allow you to focus on people by purchase history, events they like, personal anniversaries, etc. This data is gathered by Facebook analyzing many factors and also using external data sets.

·   Facebook Custom Audiences

Facebook Custom Audiences are probably your most high-value target audience as they permit you to retarget past website visitors and other people who have engaged together with your content or app. There are multiple ways to make a Custom Audience, and we’re getting to cover each of them briefly.

Creating Custom Audiences from Customer Files

This first sort of Facebook Custom Audience is predicated on your existing customer files – the lists of email accounts, phone numbers, or Apple IDs. The Customer File audience may be a good way to focus on your newsletter subscribers or app users.

Creating Custom Audiences Based on Website Traffic

Website traffic-based Facebook audiences allow you to make remarketing campaigns for people that have engaged together with your website. These are high-value audiences because the users seeing your ads have already shown some interest in it. Important! To create audiences that supported your website traffic, you initially got to install Facebook Pixel.

Creating Custom Audiences Based on App Activity

If you would like to succeed in the people that have engaged together with your iOS or Android app, you’ll found out a Facebook audience to try to do that. To target people who supported the app activity, you initially got to register your app and found out app events.

Creating Custom Audiences Based on Engagement

Did you recognize that you simply also can target the users that have engaged together with your content on Facebook, e.g. viewed your videos or liked a Page post?

  •  Facebook Lookalike Audiences

Facebook Lookalike Audiences allow you to reach the people that are almost like your existing customer database – making them highly likely to convert also.

To create a Lookalike Audience, you initially got to create a Custom Audience to inform Facebook what sort of users you would like to succeed in.

Next, select the “Lookalike Audience” from the audience creation menu and select a target country and a percentage (1%-10%) of the targeted country’s Facebook users.

The percentage signifies the people most almost like your selected Custom Audience.

Lookalike Audiences help you to extend your ad campaign’s reach so that you only target people who are likely to be interested in your offer.

What is the difference between Google Adwords and Facebook ads?

Google Adwords is based on the principle of Demand fulfillment while Facebook ads are based on Demand generation.

For example in case there is a new invention, there will be no searches on google because right now there is no demand.

You will have to get the interest of the target audience via display ads. This is known as Demand generation.

How much do Facebook ads cost?

How Facebook Ads help in Digital Marketing

Enter your daily or lifetime budget, and therefore the period of time during which you would like your ads to run. These limits mean that you’re going to never spend quite what you’re comfortable with.

You can spend a minimum of $1 per day on Facebook ads. and that is what all small businesses should start testing with usually by boosting posts the right way.

Facebook ads are cheaper if your daily budget is low and gets costlier as your daily budget rises.

Facebook gives preference to people who set high budgets.

Facebook is a pay-per-click marketing channel. This means that you will be paying every time someone clicks on your ads. You will be charged based on ad impressions, Video views, and other metrics.

How to Prepare for Facebook Blueprint Certification.

You can get Facebook Certification by applying for Facebook Blueprint certification

Facebook Blueprint Certification is a premium certification program in certification with Pearson Value.

The details of the Certificate exam are given below:

  • You have to clear 3 major exams.
  • The cost of taking each of these exams is $150 for each exam.
  • Your audio and video will be recorded to prevent cheating.
  • The exam is conducted by Pearson Value.
  • You get a badge to display on profilers with 12 month’s validity in case you pass.
  • The exam has 60 questions and is 105 minutes long.
  • You must receive a minimum passing score of 700 per exam. The scaled scoring system ranges from 300-1000 with a score of 700 or higher considered to be passing.
  • Your official score will be confirmed within 48 hours in your inbox from CertMetrics, Facebook’s Certification Tracking System.

Facebook recommends at least 6 months of Facebook Ads Course before attempting to take the exam.

Facebook provides free study material for Facebook material training.

In order to Prepare for Facebook Blueprint certifications, you have to enroll for Facebook Certified planning professional practice exams. These exams are free of cost and are a self-paced practice duration of 30 minutes.

The cost, the time involved studying, and the stressful exam environment is all things to consider before deciding whether the exam process is worth going through to get certified.

The fact is, the Facebook Blueprint Certification is the only accredited certification on Facebook advertising recognized by the industry. And with how big Facebook is, not only do many employers who rely on Facebook ads know about the certification, but many clients know about it, too.

Being Blueprint certified can give you an extra edge when applying to a relevant position over other candidates who aren’t certified. It can also give agencies the same edge when pitching clients compared to agencies who are not certified (and freelancers, too).

To apply for the Facebook Blueprint exams you can click on the links below:

To Prepare for Facebook exams , you can click the link below to get free resources:

Benefits of Facebook ads

Many businesses now use Facebook Ads in order to improve brand awareness, increase traffic and ultimately generate business online.

  • Advertise where your audience hangs out

If your audience is on Facebook (which let’s face it, is most audiences) then why not ensure your brand is seen here?

  • Specific audience targeting

One of the most important Facebook Ad benefits is how targeted you’ll make your audience.

You can reach the precise audience you would like to. This includes interests, behavior, location, age, and much more.

This means you can target specific ads to specific audiences that are most likely to engage them or encourage them to click. You can target multiple audiences or personas that are likely to require you to try to do business with you.

  • Quick results

You can drive immediate results if your ads are effective. You can begin getting your offer in front of thousands of people in order to drive traffic, conversions, or to generate sales.

  • Build brand awareness

Advertising on Facebook is one of the foremost effective ways to create your brand and ensure more people are conscious of your brand.

  • Fully measurable

You can easily see how your ads are performing, and alter your budget to suit.

If certain campaigns are performing better, or certain audiences are engaging more, you’ll shift your budget to those to make sure you get the simplest possible ROI.

You can simply see what percentage conversions, clicks, and impressions your ads are becoming. The Facebook Pixel allows you to track the website activity of people coming from your ads, so you can see exactly how they act after clicking the ad.

  • Optimize your campaigns

This, of course, means you can see where they are any drawbacks, and therefore go ahead and optimize your campaigns.

  • Multiple platforms

With just the Facebook Ad Manager, you can target ads across multiple platforms. This includes Facebook itself, the Audience Network, Instagram, and Messenger.

  • Remarketing

Remarketing ads allow you to advertise to people who have already visited your site.

The advantage of this is often that you simply know they’re curious about what you’ve got to supply, as they need already been on your site.

  • Lookalike Audiences

Lookalike audiences are a very powerful aspect of Facebook targeting.

Facebook takes your most successful audiences that employment for your advertising campaigns then finds an identical audience which “looks like” the audience that works.




How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing in 2021?

Google ads is the most important tool of Digital Marketing.

Launched in the year 2000, google ads is the largest advertising platform in the world.

In the year 2001 the revenue of google ads was just 0.07 billion US Dollars. Google ad has 32.3% of total ads revenues i.e. 134.81 billion U.S. dollars in 2019. It was 32.3 % of total ads revenues in 2018 i.e. 116.46  billion US dollars and 31% in 2017 i.e. 95.58 US billion dollars.

The quality of leads from Google ads is said to be much better than Facebook ads.

 Google ads  Defination

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

Google ads ( formerly Google AdWords and Google AdWords express) is an online advertising solution that businesses use to promote their products and services on google search, tube and other sites across the web.

Google ads allow advertisers to choose specific goals for their advertisers to choose phone calls or websites visits.

With a google ads account, advertisers can customize their budgets and targeting and start or stop their ads at any time.

You can create your own ad, tell AdWords, who do you want to reach and AdWords bring your ads to them.

Google ad is built around three principles:

  • Relevance: Connect with the right people at the right time, with the right message.
  • Control: Google ad gives you complex control over your budget. You choose how much to spend per month, per day, and per ad..
  • Results: Pay only for results, like clicks to your website or calls to your business. The measurements tools make it easy to see your sites, apps and ads are performing. Plus smart technology lets you create, manage and optimize your campaigns.

How does Google ads work?

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

You can create your first ads in just a few steps. Google ads make it easy to show the world what is unique about your business, so you can reach your customers, searching for what you have to offer.

Step 1:  Tell about your goal

Google ads will tailor your ad based on the results you want. And no matter which advertising goals you choose, Google ads can help you across the board.

  • Get more calls to business.
  • Increase visits to your site.
  • Drive people to your website.

Step 2: Decide where to advertise.

Go Global or stay behind. You decide where you will like to show your ads, and google ads will get them in front of the right people.

Step 3: Create your message.

Highlight what is best about your business in 3 short sentences to get customers excited  Or create compelling banner ads by adding images.

Step 4: Set up your budget cap.

You will never pay more than the monthly cap you set, and you can adjust or pause your ads anytime. Plus google ads will show you estimated results for your budget.

Step 5: Go Live

Google ads will display ads when people search for products or services like yours. Your ads can appear on Google search and maps and across our network of partner sites.

You will pay for results, like when people click your ad to call your business, visit your website or get directions to your store.

Choose the Best Campaign types

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

There are  5 types of campaigns in Google ads. Advertising with AdWords starts with selecting a campaign type. The type of campaign you choose to create must be based on your advertising goals.

  • Search network campaign.

This campaign type is useful for advertisers to show their text ads to high potential customers right they are searching for related products or services on google and other steps.

  • Display network campaign

This campaign type works by matching you’re as to websites or mobile apps that include content that is related to your business or your customer’s interests.

  • Video Campaign

With a video campaign type, you can run video ads on Youtube and on sites across the Google Display Network.

Available Video formats include Truevalue in- streaming ads, True value discovery ads, and bumper ads.

  • Shopping Campaign

Shopping ads appear in google shopping next to search results,, and near text and responsive ads. This campaign is useful for retailers who want to promote their online and local inventory, boost traffic to their website or local store, and find better-qualified leads.

  • Universal app campaign

With a universal app campaign type, you can easily promote your app across Search, Display, and YouTube. Your ads and bids are automatically adjusted to get the most downloads for your app.

How Ad –Extensions make Google ads more effective.

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

There are 7 types of Ad- Extensions.  These are

  • Sitelinks Extensions

These are extra links below the main ad. These show mostly for broad search and highly targeted Keywords.

  • Location Extensions

These links show the address and links to google maps below the main ad. Useful for online stores and business fronts.

  • Call Extensions

Call Extensions add business phone numbers to the ad.

  • App Extensions

These ad extensions link to android or IOS apps from the ad.

  • Review Extensions

It adds third party reviews to your ads

  • Call-Out extensions

These extensions add an extra line to the description.

  • Structured Snippet Extensions

These extensions show variants/ highlights of a product.

  • Price Extensions

These extensions show prices of the different products below the text ads.

Ad- Extensions helps google ads in the following ways:

  • Visibility: By adding more content to your ad, extensions give your ad greater visibility and prominence on the search result page. This means that more people can notice your ad.
  • Performance: Research shows that ad-extensions yield on an average 10-15% increase in click-through rate for each type of extension implemented
  • Value: No additional cost to extensions to your campaign.

How to organize your Google ads account

You must organize your Google ads account to get better results. Good campaign organizations help you make changes quickly, target your ads effectively, and ultimately reach your advertising goals.

Good campaign organizations help you make changes quickly, target your ads effectively, and ultimately reach your advertising goals.

There are 3 layers within  Adwords.

  • Your Google account is associated with a unique email address, password, and billing information.
  • Your ad campaign has its own body and settings that determine where your ads appear.
  • Your ad group contains a set of similar ads as well as keywords.

For better results, you must create a separate campaign for each product and service category you offer. Also, you must create separate ad groups with relevant keywords ad bids for each product and service.

You can use Google ads-manager account if you are managing more than 5 accounts.

How to reach customers with targeting

Targeting customers is all about setting the right message in front of the right person at the right moment. When it comes to targeting there is no one size that fits all strategy.

Here  are the Targeting Options

  • Demographics: Target your ads based on how well your products and services trend with trend with users in certain locations, ages, genders, and device types.
  • Keywords Research: Choose words that are relevant to your product or service to target users and making searches.
  • Topics: Target one ad to multiple pages about certain topics at once. Topic AdWords analyses web content and considers factors such as text, language, link structure and page structure. It then determines the central theme of each webpage and targets ads on your topic selections.
  • Placement: Target websites on the Display Network that your customers visit.
  • Remarketing: Target users that have already interacted with your website or app so that they will see your ads more often. Their users can be in any stage of conversion, as long as they have visited your site or clicked on your ad before. These users may even return to complete a purchase.

What is Keywords research?

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

For most AdWords, their AdWords is powered by Keywords.

Keywords are words or phrases that help determine where and when your action appears. Building a solid keyword list helps you reach only the most interested people, who are more likely to become your products and services.

You must choose phrases that customers would use to search for your products and services.

We have two types of keywords:

1)         Long tail keyword

2)         Short tail keyword

Google Keyword research process includes finding out what people are searching for. There are many methods and tools for that.

To build your own Keyword list you must use Keyword research tools like:

  • Google AdWords keyword tool
  • Google AdWords Keyword planner
  • Moz. Keyword explore
  • Answer the
  • Hit
  • Google AdWords search terms.

There are 5 types of  Adwords Keywords

1)Broad Match Keywords: Broad Match keywords are normal and default type of keywords that you give for your campaign

2)Phrase Match Keywords: Phrase match keywords are closed in “Quotes”.

3)Exact Match Keywords: Exact Match Keywords are closed(Brackets)

4)Broad Match Modifiers: Broad Match modifiers have a little bit more targeting options.

5)Negative Keywords: Negative Keywords prevent your ad from showing in searches that use terms, that are not relevant to your product and services.

How to make your ads seen

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

It is important to know, what determines whether an ad shows up in the top placement or the fifth.

The Adwords Auction: Here is how it works

  • Ads on Google and its display network are sold by auction.
  • Advertisers bid on keywords in order an ad, when clicked upon, leads the searches to a website coding page.
  • However, unlike a traditional auction, the highest bidder does not always win.
  • Google takes 2 factors into auctions to create a new measure know as Ad rank.

a)Quality Score is expected click-through rate and relevance and landing page experience.

b)Bid is the maximum price that an advertiser is willing to pay for an ad click.

Ad Rank = Quality Score * Bid

  • The Bidder with the highest Ad Rank gets the top spot and so on down to than last ad qualifying.

You must focus on consistently improving your costs and rank higher bidding competitors.

How to select your Bid Strategy

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

  • Target Research page location: Automated bidding strategy to show your ad on the top of the page or on the first page of Google search results.
  • Target CPA: Bidding strategy that sets bids to help get as many conversions as possible at the target customer acquisition (CPA) you set. You will need to add a piece of code to your website in order to track conversions on your website.
  • Target ROAS: Automated Bidding strategy across multiple campaigns and groups, and keywords to help achieve an average return on ad spend.
  • Target Outranking Score: Automated bidding strategy that helps your ads outranks ads from other domains.
  • Maximise Clicks: Automated Strategy to help you get as many clicks as possible.
  • Enhance CPC: Raises your bid for clicks that seem more likely to lead to a saleor conversion on your website.
  • Manual CPC: A bidding that lets you set your own maximum cost per click(CPC) for your ads.

How to Evaluate Performance of your Campaign 

Once your campaign has been running for a while, you will want to measure your ad performance. You can analyze account, campaign, and ad group information using AdWords reports and metrics.
Here are the best practices for you to follow to evaluate performance:
• For campaign performance, check the campaign screen for a snapshot of overall campaign performance.
• For a more granular perspective, view details on specific ads in each ad group are doing.
• Keep check-ins super-efficient by working at the same statistics routinely.
• Clicks show how many clicks your ad received. Clicks through rate (CTR) shows the percentage of people who could see your ad and checked on it.
• Conversion shows how many people clicked from your ad to your site and did something you valued, such as a purchase, sign-up, phone call, or download.
• Conversion rate shows how many conversions on your site resulted from an ad click.
• Return on Investment(ROI) tells you how effective your ad spend is by showing how much return it is bringing you.

How can you get Google ads  Certification

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

The Google Ads certification is a professional accreditation that Google offers to individuals free of cost who demonstrate proficiency in basic and advanced aspects of Google Ads.

There are six Google Ads certifications available today:

Note: The Google Ads Measurement certification does not count toward the Partners badge.

Google Ads training allows individuals to demonstrate that Google recognizes them as an expert in online advertising. You can earn the certification through Skillshop, Google’s ads academy.

Your Google Ads certification will remain valid until the product area certification expires. The certifications are valid for 1 year and is free of cost. You’ll need to retake and pass the certification assessment in the respective product area to renew your certification. 

You can demonstrate your expertise to your clients that you are certified Google ads professional and is well qualified to do the job.

Why Should you go for Google Adwords?

How Important is Google Ads to Digital Marketing

  • Google’s massive reach: Today Google has elevated itself beyond a brand to a verb. The search engine handles 2+ trillion searches like these per year. That’s over 5 billion searches per day.
  •  Faster than SEO: When you get started with Google, though, your chance of leapfrogging all the organic results on a search engine results page grows exponentially, and it grows easier too.
  •  Build Brand Awareness: Through the Ads search network, even if potential customers aren’t clicking, they see your brand, your tagline, what you offer, and whatever else you use your copy and extensions to showcase. And through the Ads display network, you’ll even prioritize brand awareness by choosing to point out your ad to more people.
  •  Earn more conversions: When Google decides which ads get seen by browsing prospects, they take post-click landing page experience into account.
  •  Remarketing: Google AdWords helps you to reconnect with visitors to your website.
  •  Measure your performance consistently:

a) It is very difficult to measure the outcome of traditional advertisements like newspapers, radio, broadcast television, cable television, outdoor billboards, brochures, etc.

b) Also, they’re far more expensive than Google AdWords. But, AdWords, on the opposite hand, would tell you exactly what happened with the campaign.

  •  Explore more using google ads:

a)  There is a lot more to explore when you link your Google AdWords account with your Google Analytics account. AdWords may be a great platform but it won’t allow you to know what people do after clicking the ads.

b)  But, Google analytics would help you understand, how long a visitor stayed on-page, how many pages visited, the Bounce Rate, and details about new visitors. By linking them together, you’ll have tons more data in your hand. An advertiser can measure the entire performance of Google ads. He/she can pause the non-performing keywords/campaigns/ads and check out different variations to spice up your results.