Airline Ticketing Agent 2022 –Your doorstep to a dynamic aviation career

We are all travellers which may be out for fun or at work. We have to plan our visit to our destination in advance to make it more comfortable. We must book our tickets in advance to reserve a seat which must be available. Previously we used to go to the airport or station to book our tickets. Now thanks to the Airline Ticketing Agent,  we can book our tickets and plan our visit on the phone or online on the computer.

What is a Ticketing Agent?

The people who are responsible for making and confirming travel arrangements for passengers are called Ticketing Agents. They are employed by railroads, airlines, bus companies and cruise lines. Their day-to-day tasks include selling tickets in terminals, planning routes using computers and manuals and calculating ticket costs. They also handle key operations such as data operations, data entry, payment collect, and verification. 

What does the Ticketing Agent do?

The role and responsibilities of a ticketing agent are very straightforward. They are expected to follow the instructions from higher authorities and undertaking.

The work profile of a ticketing agent is identified with the hospitality sector. They are often needed to work on several projects in the activities branch of travel services. They are always recruited by the travel services and private careers where they are accountable for taking care of gear and things and registration of clients.


Types of Ticketing Agent

Ticketing agents are mainly classified into four types. These are listed below.

·      Airline Ticket Agent

Airline Ticket agents are hired by airlines where they are required to work in airport terminals. Their role is to sell tickets to passengers and assist passengers desiring a different flight. The ticketing agents are expected to solve any issue when complaints are received from the customers. 

·       Movie Theater Ticket Agent

Movie theatre ticket agents sell tickets in show corridors and cinema halls to the public. People approach the ticket counter or stall, pay for their tickets and enter.

·       Bus Ticket Agent

Both Public and Private transport like bus and Taxi services employ ticketing agents to provide information of the cost estimates, book charges, and exhort travelers about gear and transport rules. Agents work with the help of a phone or computer.

·       Railway Ticketing Agent

Railway ticketing agents are required to book IRCTC e- tickets. The agents can give any number of approved tickets and get hefty commission on the ticket booking.


What is an Airline Ticketing Agent job description?

Airline Ticketing Agent 2022--Your doorstep to a dynamic aviation career

The airline  ticketing agent has the responsibility toward his employer by keeping his customer happy and satisfied. Here are few of the responsibilities that an Airline ticketing agent must ensure to maintain his customer.

1.     Customer service

The airline ticket agent must manage customer service issues including negotiations, conflict resolution and client safety to maintain and retain their customers. They must be considerate and professional when dealing with customers. 

2.     Safety Procedures

The airline ticketing agent must be fully informed about the safety procedure in the airport and guide their customers thoroughly to prevent any inconvenience. They must be able to work in compliance with all airline safety procedures including passenger identification verification and secure baggage handling.

3.     Airline Tickets

An Airline ticketing agent must be able to perform airline ticketing using Kiosk System for passengers needing airline tickets and boarding passes. They must be able to process voided airline tickets and refunds. They must be able to book and sell all airline tickets and must be able to upgrade customers to a different class of in-flight service, assisting departing passengers.

4.     Ticket Sales

An airline ticket agent must be able to reconcile daily ticket sales reports and monthly ticket inventory. They must check ticket sales and reservation charts on the computer. They must be able to promote sales, quote fares to customers, recalculate their fares and reissue tickets.

5.     Payment Collection

As Airline ticketing agent you must collect payment from the customers. You can help the customers by assisting them in making payment through different modes like cash, credit cards, debit card or UPI.

6.     Public Address Systems

An airline ticket agent must be able to operate a public address system for announcements and paging of customers.They must be able to announce arrival and departure information of all flights using a public address system.

7.     TSA

An airline ticketing agent must be able to work closely with and be able to maintain professional relationships with other airline carriers and government agencies like security and customs. They must be able to assist passengers with interactions among various agencies including TSA, Customs, immigration, and airport authorities.They must be able to resolve passengers’ query on luggage content, weight, and safety precautions based on airport safety regulations.

8.     Special Assistance

The airline ticketing agent must be able to assist passengers with special requests and assistance. They must provide special assistance to disable passengers and personally escort unaccompanied minors.

9.     Seat Assignments

It is the duty of the airline ticketing agent to examine passengers’ documentation to determine required service, seat arrangement and travel preferences.He must designate seating assignments according to passengers’ specific needs. He must evaluate and prepare flights by arranging seat assignments and load, coordinate special meals and upgrades.

10. Service Requirements

An airline ticket agent must confer with customers to determine their service requirements and travel preferences.

11. Communication

An airline ticketing agent must be able to utilise effective communication and customer relation skills to address baggage incidents and produce positive outcomes for angry and upset passengers. Hey must be able to demonstrate effective communication skills and possess a welcoming and positive attitude.

12. Travel Agents

An airline ticketing agent must provide assistance to travel agents for making reservations and advise them of travel. They must help the travel agents by computing fares for both simple and extensive itineraries. They must develop training plans and train travel agents on airline reservation systems.They must provide quality control and support for internal travel agents and provide information of all airline initiatives and promotions to travel agents to generate return business. 

How to become an airline ticketing agent?

Airline Ticketing Agent 2022--Your doorstep to a dynamic aviation career

Not everyone can become a ticketing agent. You must have an interest in the field of ticketing to become an airline ticketing agent. The candidates must meet a few of the perquisite skills to become an airline ticketing agent. Here are a few of them.

  •         Communication skills and a clear voice
  •   Critical Thinking
  •   Strong Intellectual ability
  •   Attention to detailing
  •   Enthusiastic
  •    Proofreading
  •   Analytical skills
  •   Typing ability
  •   Problem solving
  •   Calm personality in stressful situations
  •   Good presentation skills
  •   Proficiency in using computers
  •   Good listening ability


Besides these skills you must also possess a few academic qualifications and undergo training to become an airline ticketing agent. 

Airline ticket airline job Qualifications

To become an airline ticketing agent, you must have a minimum high school certificate (Class 10th). Diploma courses are also available to students who want to take up this job. Here are the basic requirements you must have to become an airline ticket agent.

  •       Candidates must have at least completed class 10th
  •       You must be at least 18 years of age
  •       You must possess a diploma in airline ticketing
  •       Diploma in Travel and Tour management
  •       Diploma in International Travel, Tourism and Hospitality management


Most of the students must possess 12 class degree with a minimum 50% percentage to take up any of these diploma courses. They should graduate in courses like B.BA in Travel management or B.Com in accountancy. 

What is an Airline Ticketing Course?



The Airline Ticketing agent course is a specialised course under travel and hospitality field. This course is a job-oriented course to make your career stable. The airline ticketing course provides a comprehensive knowledge and skills to the students in air management, travel management, and ticketing process along with professional ticketing. Students who are looking for job-oriented courses after the 12th can take airline ticketing courses as an effective option. The course duration ranges from 4/6 months to one year duration. 

What is the course curriculum for Fares and Ticketing Course?

The course curriculum of Fares and Ticketing courses may vary from college to college. Some of the topics taught in the colleges with Diploma in Fares and Ticketing courses are given below.




Diploma in International Travel Reservations ·       VA Fare & Ticketing QCF

·       Certificate in VA Earth

·       Certificate in the Sabre System


Advanced Diploma in Air Travel Management & CRS ·       IATA – UFTAA – ICAO

·       Airlines & Travel Agency

·       Travel and Tourism Industry

·       Geography in Travel Planning

·       Air Travel Formalities & Products

·       Technology in the Air Travel Industry

·       Computer Reservation System

·       Air Fares and Ticketing


Diploma in Travel Tourism and Airport Handling ·       Tourism

·       Ticketing

·       Airport Handling

·       French Language

·       Hospitality

·       Personality Development

·       Communication

·       Computer Reservation System (Galileo)


Certificate in Air Ticketing & Travel Management ·       Air Ticketing

·       Common Aviation

·       Travel & Tourism


Diploma in Airline Ticketing ·       Ticketing Policies and Procedures

·       Fare Construction Rules and Police

·       Passports & VISA

·       Elementary & Location Geography

·       Airlines & Airport Codes

·       Time Zones

·       Air Ticketing & Reservations

·       Tourist Accommodation

·       All Travel Requirement and Ticketing Formalities

·       Travel Sales

·       Customer Service

·       Refund and Cancellation Policy


Diploma in Airport Ground Handling Training ·       Grooming & Personality Development

·       Communication skills

·       Guest Relation and PR Techniques

·       Aviation History & Ground Handling

·       Activities performed at Airport

·       Airport facilities & Services

·       Airport Announcement

·       Ramp Management

·       Safety Awareness


Certificate in Air Fare and Ticketing ·       Grooming & Personality Development

·       Communication skills

·       Airfare & Ticketing

·       Airline Geography

·       Time Differences


Air Fares Ticketing and Global Distribution Systems Fares & Ticketing (Galileo) ·       Travel Agency Operations

·       IATA Areas

·       World Geography and City Codes

·       Itinerary Planning

·       World Time Zones & Elapsed Travel Time

·       Airlines Languages and Travel Terminology

·       Anatomy of Journey and Mileage System

·       Documentation and Ticketing

·       Transportation and Accommodation

·       Personality Grooming and GDS ( Galileo)


Diploma in Travel, Tourism and Ticketing ·       Ticketing Studies

·       Domestic Ticketing

·       International Ticketing

·       Travel Agency Operation

·       Destinations In India & The World

·       Regional Transport & Accommodation System

·       World Transport & Accommodation

·       Computer Applications

·       Tour Operations

·       Tourism Organization

·       Business Correspondence & Computer Applications

·       Emporiatrics

·       Sustainable Tourism

·       Business French

·       Tourism Marketing

·       Sales Promotion

·       Marketing Management

·       Research & Analysis


Certificate in Fares & Ticketing ·       IATA geographical areas & Global Routing Indicator

·       Interpret various airline coding

·       Differing fare types & their characteristics

·       Lowest applicable fare with ref. to fare rules

·       Application of principle of the mileage system

·       Application of NUCs and the IATA Rates of Exchange

·       Identify all automated tickets, ATBs and OPTAT/ TAT

·       Interpret all MPDs/ MCOs



World’s Top Colleges offering Airline Ticketing agent Course


There are several colleges/universities all over the world offering Air Ticketing courses. Here is a list of some of the top universities offering this course.

·    University College, Birmingham

The University college, Birmingham is one of the leading universities and is best known for its aviation courses. The university offers bachelors in airport management where students can learn about airport administration and management.


·  Western Michigan University

The College of Aviation, Western Michigan University offers a wide range of aviation programs. The aviation course is designed for students who are interested in management and administrative fields. The college provides practical training to students in a real environment for better learning and understanding.


·       RMIT University

The University provides bachelors of applied science in aviation which provides students with airport management and aviation skills.The students are equipped with skills like airline development and structure to understand the concept better.


·       University of Central Missouri

The University offers bachelors in airport management. The course is designed to equip students with essential skills like airport management and staff handling.


·       Cypress college

The Department of Aviation & Travel Employment has been helping students in gaining placements in all major airlines and travel companies around the world since 1967.


Top Institutions offering Air Ticketing Course in India

Airline Ticketing agent training is also offered by several colleges/universities in India. Here is a list of some Top Institutions in India that offer this course:

  1. The Tourism School, Mumbai
  2. Airborne Air hostess Academy, Delhi
  3. YMCA, Pune
  4. India Travel and Tourism Institute, Mumbai
  5. SkyLark Institute, New Delhi
  6. Blue Whale Academy, Mumbai
  7. Meridian Institute, Bangalore
  8. Orient Flights, Chennai
  9. NVS Institute, Madurai
  10.     IGIA India, Delhi


The Scope of Airline Ticketing Course

Airline Ticketing Agent 2022--Your doorstep to a dynamic aviation career

With the Indian travel and tourism industry making an exponential growth in recent years, this industry has become a promising sector for generating jobs every year. The Tourist traffic gas to India has grown by a whopping 16% making the Indian International airports turn into the world’s busiest airports.

With this high rate of growth in tourist traffic, the industry requires skilled professionals in all areas of travel and tourism such as airline careering, laundry services, guides, interpreters, tourism promotion, sales and so on.

Ticketing and reservation are an important part of the aviation industry. A ticketing agent is the first person whom the passenger meets and interacts before boarding a flight.

Career prospects and salary package

Once you have completed your airline ticketing training program you can work with the airlines, travel agencies, cruise ships, Hotels, and resorts. You can rise up to the level of tour manager after gaining relevant experience in the industry. Also you can start your own air ticket booking agency if you have entrepreneurship knack in you.

Some of the top recruiters of the airline ticketing agents include.

  •   Airline Operators
  •   Airports and airport management
  •   Travel & Tourism companies
  •   Travel consultancies
  •   Tour management companies
  •   Hotels and Resorts


Here are top recruiting companies for airline agents.

  •   Airlines hiring ticketing agents like Indigo, Spice jet Emirates, Air India etc.
  •   Book my show
  •   Make My Trip
  •   Go Ibibo
  •   Red Bus
  •   IRCTC
  •   Other state tour and travel organisations.


A fresher can start with Rs 7000 to Rs 9000 per month. After gaining experience in the field, one can earn up to Rs 15,000 to Rs 18,000 per month.



Do you have passion and fascination for the aviation industry and dreamt about having a successful career in this field? There are a number of opportunities to  pursue in the ground roles at an airport to fly in the air.

The service industry in the world, especially in India is undergoing unprecedented growth. Air ticketing is no exception. Airline ticketing agents cater to the increasing mobile population of the world. The airline ticketing professionals have excellent career prospects in India also. Air ticketing jobs are one of the most sought  after jobs for you to grow in the industry.






Actor 2022 — Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

We all love to watch movies in our Television or theatre. We all have our Star idols whom we adore and worship. They are our role models. I have seen many of my friend who mimic and ape their favourite movie and TV stars like Salman Khan, Amir Khan, Shahrukh Khan, Akshay Kumar, Ranbir Kapoor, Deepika Padukone,Madhuri Dixit, Alia Bhat, Ronit Roy, Hina Khan, Karan Patel, Siddharth Shukla and many more of our times. We read about them and their lifestyles, their sexual escapades in film magazines and more recently in social media.

But how many of us have ever thought about becoming an actor or actress? Very few of us have dreamt about becoming one or taking an acting career.

Most of us have a wrong notion about these stars. We think that becoming an actor requires just acting and memorizing dialogues. But there is a lot more than that to succeed in this field. Let us discover the skills and career path on how to become an actor and its scope.

What is an Actor?

Actor 2022 -- Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

Actor is derived from a Latin word “Agere” which means “to do”. In modern parlance the word Actor stands for a participant in an action or process or a person whose profession is acting on stage, in films or on television.

An actor or actress is a person who interprets and portrays a character in a performance be it on stage, T.V. or in a movie with the sole motive of entertaining the audience. An actor works in different environments like theme works, production studios,theatres, or at a specific filming location.  Acting is defined as an art of performing which includes movement, gesture, and intonation that are used to realize a fictional or real character for the stage, motion pictures or the television.

How to become an Actor?

Actor 2022 -- Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

To become an actor, you have to polish a few talents and understand their strengths. You must have the qualities or skills to become an actor. There are numerous acting courses to become an actor where a lot of acting aspirants can embark on the journey to become an actor in India.

If you are thinking about choosing your career path to become a professional actor in film and television then here are the steps to become an actor.

Step 1 — Get proper training 

Acting is a talent that most people possess since their birth. However, training is essential for every aspiring actor. You can train yourselves as early as in your school days by taking part in school plays and drama club. You can even join acting studios outside the school to fulfill your passion.

Also, one can get a degree or diploma in acting which can help them in their acting career. However, it is not an essential requirement since acting is recognized by talent and not by degree. Still getting a BFA or MFA degree helps.

Step 2 – Know the Business 

Being a successful actor is like running a successful business. In fact, most of your day-to-day work will be on the business side of things, not the acting side. You will be managing your daily affairs like a CEO of a company. Your every casting decision will be a business decision. The more you know about how the industry works the more you understand your place in the industry as an actor.

Step 3- Start building your Network 

In the film Industry your entire career is built on what kind of relationships you have in the industry. It depends on the kind of relationships you have with your team, with your casting, with other actors, with directors, with producers, with crew members, etc. The chances of you getting a role in the films not only depends on who you know but also who your contacts know.

Step 4 – Get Professional Headshots 

The first thing that anyone in the film industry sees in your casting profile is your Headshot. It is the actor’s most important marketing tool in the industry. Therefore, you must hire a professional headshot photographer to make a good first impression.

Step 5 – Create your casting profiles 

Once you have created your professional headshot, it is time for you to create your casting profile. Casting jobs include searching for casting websites in your location. Once you have done that you can set up your account in these websites and upload your casting profile. Your casting profile will serve as your resume for other industry professionals to see and call you for the audition.

Step 6 – Submit yourself for your auditions 

Once you have got your headshot ready and created your casting profile it is time for you to start auditioning for TV series or movies. You can start auditioning without an agent. Make sure that you select the correct location while browsing. Go to audition with an open mind and do not be discouraged if you are rejected.

Step 7—Create a Demo reel 

Once you have acted on your first independent film you will probably receive the footage of the film that you can use as a demo reel. You can have more scenes on your demo reel to add if you are lucky to get multiple projects. Your Demo reel must be about 90 seconds as the agents and casting directors are not going to watch more than that.

Step 8- Keep updating your casting profile  

Once you have fresh new credits and your first demo reel it is time to update those casting profiles. You must add any new credits to the online resume and upload the demo reel to the respective media libraries.

Step 9—Create your IMDb account 

You must create your IMDb Pro account. That will allow you to add photos and demo reel to your public profile, add contact and representation information, research other industry professionals (agents, casting directors, managers). You must have an IMDb account in case you are serious about a career in film and television.

Step 10—Submit to your first agent 

Now it is time for you to submit to talent agencies and sign with your first agent. Agents sign people who have already completed the above steps and have proven themselves to be ready for the industry. One thing you must remember is that you still have to do 90% of the work yourself and leave only 10% of the work for the agents.

Step 11—Go for bigger market 

Now you have got an agent. And you are getting big auditions. You are also making money. Now it is time for you to expand your business. In case you are from a small time you move to the place of the film industry which is most likely to be Mumbai, Chennai or Los-Angeles.

Step 12— Repeat 

Once you have moved to a new and bigger market it is time for you to start the process all over again. You must take classes in your new city, learn about the business there, build your network, get new head shots and casting profiles, audition for local projects, hire a new agent and so on.

How and where can you get a formal degree in acting?


Actor 2022 -- Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

Formal education that includes Degree and Diploma has become necessary if not sufficient conditions for you to achieve your professional career goals.

You must be creative and must show interest in drama,acting,singing,dancing,cultural heritage etc.

You can pursue a 3-year full time acting degree or diploma to become an actor in India. All you need to do is to complete your higher secondary education and then take and clear the entrance exam for Bachelors of Arts in Acting or Bachelors of Fine Arts in Acting.

You can even go for higher studies that is a 2-year full time course in Master’s in Film making.

There are a lot of interesting courses being offered by institutes and colleges from across the country.

Here are the top courses for acting in India:

  • BA in Acting
  • Bachelor of Performing arts
  • BA Hons in Drama
  • Diploma in Acting
  • Postgraduate Diploma in Acting
  • Master of Arts in Acting
  • Certificate Course in Acting
  • BA in Acting 

You can take admission in acting in an undergraduate program in acting, dance and drama. The National Council accredits this degree for Drama Training, which   automatically allows students to enter the actor’s union in India. It is the most intensive process which requires curiosity, courage and commitment on the part of students to become a successful actor.

  • Bachelor of Performing Arts (BPA) 

Bachelor of Performing Arts (BPA) is an undergraduate degree program that introduces the students to entertainment and its related techniques. This course is three or four years in duration. It is offered across different universities, institutes, and colleges in India. It focuses on three main aspects of the performance and entertainment industry, namely music, dance and drama and provides specialization to students in any one of these.

  • BA Hons in Drama 

BA Hons in Drama includes acting, voice and movement techniques through the unique blend of theory and practices. This degree turns graduates into a thinking,expressive,informed,and creative actor who will be able to work across genres, media and performance cultures.

  • Diploma in Acting 

A diploma in acting is a 3-year diploma course for students who are keen to become an actor. They can take this course right after completing their high school education. Diploma in acting is suitable for those who are self-determined, creative and have intellectual capability.

  • Postgraduate Diploma in Acting 

PG diploma is a one-year program. It offers students a comprehensive acting training program for the screen. You learn about current industry practices as well as practical and theoretical training.You also learn about the history, craft and techniques of acting while building a solid foundation for a career in film and theatre arts. Students are also involved in various film making projects, including a short film professionally shot and produced.

  • Masters of Arts in Acting 

Masters of Arts in Acting is a program that involves learning and mastering techniques that transfer to acting on stage, in film or on television. In addition to acting techniques, students have the opportunity to study the business of film and theatre, script analysis, stage movement and speech.

  • Certificate Course in Acting 

The Certificate Course in acting is a one month to a six-month introduction program. It acts as a foundation course for building your career by gaining industry experience and acquiring further education.

What are the Courses in Bachelor of Acting? 

In BA acting you mostly focus on drama,acting,singing,dancing etc. Here are some of the courses that you study in your graduation.

  • Acting
  • Direction
  • Cinematography
  • Advanced Editing
  • Editing
  • Modelling
  • Dancing
  • Sound Recording
  • Ad Making
  • Digital Photography
  • Personality Development
  • Script Writing

Entrance Exams for Diploma in Acting 

Here are various entrance exams for the students who want to pursue a Diploma in Acting.

  • NSD 2020-21: NSD entrance exam is conducted every year by the National School of Drama to recognize the acting talent of a student.
  • FTII 2020-21: This entrance exam is jointly conducted every year by the Film and Television industry
  • AISF 2020-21: This entrance exam is conducted every year by Annapurna International School of Film.
  • SRFTI 2020-21: This entrance exam is conducted every year by Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute.

Top colleges for Acting in India 

Actor 2022 -- Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

All of us who want to become an actor share a common dream to become a successful actor in Bollywood or on Television. This is attributed to the increasing job opportunities,glamorous factor, and high pay scale. This has resulted in many prominent colleges offering specialization in film and acting across the country.

Here is the list of a few of the top colleges that offer a degree or diploma in acting programs in India and help you in making your career in professional acting.

  • National School of Drama 

National School of Drama is an autonomous theatre training institute located in New Delhi. It was established in 1959.It is government recognized and promotes a three-year full-time diploma course in dramatic arts.

  • Film and Television Institute of India (FTII), Pune

FTII was set up by the government of India in 1960. It was then known as Film Institute of India and later renamed to its present name in 1971.The Film and Television institute of India courses include 11 full-time courses in various disciplines and short-term courses which are taught in both on-campus and off campus across India.

  • Whistling Woods International (WWI) 

Whistling Woods International (WWI) was set up in 2006 in Mumbai. It has been acknowledged among the Top 10 Best Film schools all over the world. WWI has partnered with numerous international and national corporations for academics and innovation.

  • Barry John Acting Studio, Mumbai 

Barry John Acting Studio was established in 1997 in Delhi as Imago Acting School and later shifted to Mumbai in 2007.The studio is one of the best acting schools in Delhi and Mumbai for 20 years. It offers various acting courses with different timelines such as 4 month or 6-month diploma and 3-month certification. It also offers summer workshops, corporate workshops and pre-production acting workshops.

  • Anupam Kher’s Actor Prepares, Mumbai 

Actor Prepares is supported by Film Welfare Trust and is located in Mumbai. The Institute boasts of several state of art facilities. It offers a one-year course in acting

  • Institute of Creative Excellence (ICE) 

Institute of Creative Excellence (ICE) is located in Mumbai. It offers 21 programs in filmmaking. The training period ranges from 3 months to 1 year. Some of the programs are certificate course are given below

  • Film direction/Production and T.V. Journalism for 3 months
  • Advance Diploma in Film Direction for 1 Year
  • Advance e Program in Digital Film Making for 1 year
  • Certificate course in Video editing and Sound Editing for 3 months
  • Certificate course in Acting
  • Certificate course in Cinematography
  • Asian Academy of Film and Television (AAFT) 

Asian Academy of Film and Television (AAFT) is located in Noida. It was established by Marwah studios in 1993. It is affiliated with the International Film Television Research Centre and is approved by AICTE. AAFT has trained more than 17,000 media professionals in a span of 25 years. AFT provides media education in the field of film making,Journalism,Performing Arts, Advertising, Acting, Interior design,Dance,Digital Marketing, Animation and Fashion Design. It has more than 14 studios and theatres where students can take practical and technical education. AFT is recognized as the world’s leading media arts organisation.

  • Zee Institute of Media Arts (ZIMA) 

Zee Institute of Media Arts was established in the year 2006 in Mumbai. ZIMA offers courses in communication, digital media,journalism,animation,screenwriting,acting and many others. The institute offers more than 14 courses at undergraduate and diploma level.

  • Centre for Research in Art of Film and Television (CRAFT), Delhi 

Centre for Research in Art of Film and Television (CRAFT) is a non-profit organisation established in March 2006 in Delhi. Its mission was to strengthen education,training,creativity,research,documentation, dissemination,criticism,distribution, and collaborations across disciplines in the field of film and television. It is mainly an academic institution that imparts autonomous short- and long-term courses in the film medium like

  • Acting & Modeling
  • Direction & script Writing
  • Documentary Filmmaking
  • Radio Jockey
  • Creative Writing
  • Photography
  • Production Design 
  • Roshan Taneja School of Acting, Mumbai 

Roshan Taneja School of Acting is a private institute offering 4 months course in acting. The top courses offered are

  • Diploma in Acting
  • Diploma in Yoga
  • Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute, Kolkata

SRFTI  was established in 1995. It is an autonomous society funded by Ministry of Information and Broadcasting, Govt. of India.It has been named after acclaimed Indian film director.In 2019 SRFTI was ranked among the best film schools in the world along with FTII, Pune and National school of Drama, New Delhi.

It has the following departments in the Film Wing:

  • Department of Direction & Screenplay Writing
  • Department of Sound Recording and Design
  • Department of Editing
  • Department of Cinematography
  • Department of Producing for Film & Television
  • Department of Animation Cinema

It has  following departments in the Electronic & Digital Media Wing :

  • Department of Electronic and Digital Media Management
  • Department of Writing for Electronic and Digital Media
  • Department of Direction & Producing for Electronic and Digital Media
  • Department of Cinematography for Electronic and Digital Media
  • Department of Editing for Electronic and Digital Media
  • Department of Sound for Electronic and Digital Media

Cost of training in acting colleges? 

The average cost of training for BA in acting in most of the top colleges for acting ranges from Rs 200,000 to Rs 400,000 per annum.

What is the Scope of an Actor in India?

Actor 2022 -- Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

India is the largest film industry in the world as it produces the maximum films (approx. 1100) films every year. The total business is estimated to be around Rs 20,000 crores or 4 billion US Dollars. Similarly Indian has seen a surge in T.V. channels in past few years especially in the entertainment section. We have come a long way from the TV serials in Door Darshan in 1980s like Hum Log, Buniyaad, Ramayana,Mahabharat, Yeh Jo Hai Zindagi etc.

You have acting jobs in the Television industry, voice acting jobs in Radio and movie acting jobs.

Few of the top TV entertainment channels in India are

  • Star Plus
  • Sony Entertainment Television
  • Colours TV
  • ZEE TV
  • Sony SAB
  • & TV
  • ZEE Cinema
  • Star Bharat
  • Dangal Channel
  • DD National

Therefore, as an actor, you have a number of choices to work like in Films, Television, Theaters and other public performances (traveling and theater groups). The Indian film and TV industry is booming and there are bright prospects for budding actors.

As an actor you are not just acting but representing the industry as a whole. Your role is much more than an actor. Some of these are:

  • Brand Ambassador
  • Modelling
  • Stage Show Anchors
  • Television Show hosts
  • Stage Performers
  • Acting Trainers

What are the career options for an actor in India? 

As an actor you have various communication mediums where you can perform various roles. Here is the detailed information of some of the mediums where an actor can work.

  1. Theater
  2. Radio
  3. Advertisements
  4. Television
  5. Over the Top Media services like Netflix and Amazon Prime
  6. Social Media
  7. Films

Salary of an actor 

A Successful Television actor in India can earn about Rs 1 lac to Rs 1.25 lac per episode. If you are a struggling actor you are earning about Rs 2000 to 20,000 per month. Successful Film Stars in India can earn about Rs 10 crore to 150 crores per film. However, the salary of an actor is not fixed. It varies from the role they play. For example, a character role commands less salary than a lead role. Also, there is no job guarantee. It all depends on the luck factor.

Here is the salary per episode of the top TV actors.

  1. Kapil Sharma – 50 lakhs
  2. Sunil Grover –10 to 12 lakhs
  3. Rupali Ganguly – 3 lakhs
  4. Hina Khan – Rs 2 lakhs
  5. Ronit Roy – Rs 1.25 lakh
  6. Ram Kapoor – Rs 1.25 lakh
  7. Karan Patel Rs 1.25 lakh
  8. Sakshi Tanwar – Rs 1.25 lakh

Few of the highest paid actor’s wealth in Bollywood as per Forbes is given below.

  1. Akshay Kumar – 45 million USD
  2. Salman Khan- 39 .5 million USD
  3. Aamir Khan – 37 million USD
  4. Shah Rukh Khan—36 million USD
  5. Hrithik Roshan — 29.4 million USD

The Future of actors in India 

Actor 2022 -- Welcome to the world of Grit and Glamor

Acting is a profession that draws most of us due to its glamour and money. But acting as a career is not what it seems. Many of our great actors have struggled a lot in the early stage of their career. Many of the top actors just vanished from the industry despite reaching great heights. Success in acting is unpredictable due to the whims of the movie goers. Many of the predictions for a hit movie have gone wrong.

Bur still acting is a wonderful career where one learns new skills and has the chance to meet new people. Actors are not paid just for the acting but for bringing the human condition into light. Actors are paid so much that they are always in the limelight. Acting career is worthwhile if one is willing to put his time and effort into this profession.










Aquaculturist 2022 – Welcome to a Dynamic Career


Aquaculture also known as “Underwater Agriculture” involves the breeding and rearing of fishes and mollusks for commercial usage I,e. For consumption as well as displaying in aquariums. Aquaculturist is a person who pursue aquaculture as career.

Aquaculture is generally carried out in reserved areas like confined tanks or at open sea under monitoring, and is referred to as Mariculture. 

Today Aquaculture is an encompassing and wide arena where you can kickstart your career. The only thing that you require to take it  as your career is an interest in the subject and in general agriculture.  

What is Aquaculture and Fisheries? 

Aquaculturist 2022 - Welcome to a Dynamic CareerAquaculturist 2022 - Welcome to a Dynamic CareerAquaculturist 2022 - Welcome to a Dynamic Career

The term Aquaculture and Fisheries involves catching of inland and marine fishes for commercial purposes. They both involve aquaculture,gears,navigation, oceanography,aquarium management,breeding,processing,export and import of seafood, special products and by-products, research and related activities. 

Whereas Fisheries is the occupation of catching, processing or selling fish or shellfish, Aquaculture is the cultivation of aquatic animals and plants, especially fish, shellfish and seaweed, in natural or controlled marine or freshwater environments. 

Aquaculture is the farming of the fish, crustaceans, Mollusca, aquatic plants, algae and other organisms. It involves the cultivation of saltwater and fresh water under controlled conditions.   

Types of Aquacultures 

Aquaculture can be classified into three categories; 

  1. Freshwater Aquaculture 
  2. Brackish Water Aquaculture
  3. Mariculture


1. Freshwater Aquaculture 

The freshwater aquaculture mainly deals with the culture in fresh water like rivers, streams, ponds, and canals. It includes the various aspects of breeding the parent stock, preparing the water resources for culture,stocking,water management, post stocking management process and harvesting. The types of organisms include fishes,prawns,mussels,frogs and aquatic plants. 

2. Brackish Aquaculture 

Brackish aquaculture production in the country mainly accounts for shrimp farming. Of the estimated 1.23 million hectares of area recognized for aquaculture, only 10% is cultivated. 

Of this, 80% of the area is under traditional farming while 20% is under shrimp farming. Shrimp farming is done in a commercial way mainly in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu while traditional farming is done in West Bengal.

3. Mariculture 

Marine aquaculture is the culture of fishes and other organisms in marine backwaters, shallow bays in several aquaculture methods. Mariculture is done mainly in the states of Kerala and Karnataka.  


What is the Job Profile of an Aquaculturist? 

An Aquaculturists conduct research in areas such as fish nutrition, water quality, aquaculture engineering, fish genetics, hatchery production and fish pathology. Most of them work in private laboratories or government agencies or government agencies.  

Here is the job profile of an AquaCulturist.

  • Reviewing aquaculture reports written by contractors. 
  • Record maintenance on fish health, fish inventories, ponds and fish movements to and from the station. 
  • Maintaining protocols on chemical safety. 
  • Identifying operational farming needs.
  • Maintenance of all ponds and aquaculture systems, water supply, electrical systems, equipment,buildings etc.
  • Taking appropriate and adequate measures to prevent fish losses. 
  • Providing strategies to optimize production procedures. 
  • Production daily reports on the running of the farm.
  • Providing leadership and expert advice on the topic. 

Advantages of Aquaculture 

  • Aquaculture is an important source of excellent quality protein and healthy oils. 
  • It keeps the future of fish production safe. 
  • It maintains the price and supply of the fish so as to reach it to poor section of the people. 
  • It provides good quality of food for the growing population. 
  • It produces cultured fishes which are free from pollutants and are thus safe.
  • It helps to create more employment and help rural development. 
  • Commercial aquaculture helps in cultivating ornamental fishes, Artemia cysts, Prawns, Lobsters, prawns, crabs, and frog legs. These are highly valued items and can earn good foreign exchange. 

How to start a career in Aquaculture?

Aquaculturist 2022 - Welcome to a Dynamic Career 

Like any other job profile, you require a certain set of skills that can be attained to start a career in aquaculture. Here are a few of the skills that you must possess to be one. 

Skills required to become an Aquaculturist 

1. Technical & Practice Skills 

As an aquaculturist you must be able to understand, measure, and measure various situations and be able to apply technical knowledge. You must be open to further training to improve your daily performance and skills.   

2. Analytical Skills 

You must be able to collect and analyze information in a methodical way as an aquaculturist. 

3. Communication skills 

As an aquaculturist you must be able to balance listening and talking. You must be able to speak and write clearly and accurately.

4. Self-Management 

The art of self-managing is a very important skill you must possess as an aqua-culturist. You must be able to focus on effective planning and time management as well as prioritisation of tasks. 


Courses and Programmes to become an Aquaculturist 

 To become an aquaculturist there are various undergraduate and postgraduate courses available in the field of Fisheries and Aquaculture. Since the Fisheries science is a science degree, you must complete your 12th in science stream along with biology. 

The selection process for admission in fisheries and aquaculture institutes is either through university level examination (CUSAT 2022) or through state level exam. Students can also apply for ICAR 2022 to pursue this course. 

Bachelor’s courses 

  • Bachelor of Fisheries Science(B.F.Sc) — 4 Years 
  • Bachelor of Science (Industrial Fish and Fisheries) — 3 years 
  • B.Sc. (Fisheries) — 3 years 
  • B.Sc. (Aquaculture) — 3 Years 

Master’s Courses 

  • Master’s of Fisheries Science(M.F.Sc)– 2 Years 
  • Master’s of Science(M.Sc) — 2 Years  

You can study aquaculture on a part time or full-time basis. Aquaculture courses can be a degree or a diploma program.  

Top Aquaculture Institutes in India 

Since there are a number of institutes and universities in India that offer courses in aquaculture it is in your best interest to go to a top-quality institute that is government recognized. Here are few of the top institutes/Universities where you can start you program .

  • Dr Balasaheb Sawant Konkan Vidyapeeth, Ratnagiri, Maharashtra 
  • Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Panangrad, Kochi, Kerala, Ernakulam 
  • Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pant Nagar, Uttarakhand 
  • Central Institute of Fisheries Education, Mumbai, Maharashtra. 
  • Iihmr University, Jaipur, Rajasthan 
  • Junagadh Agriculture University, Junagadh. 
  • Maharana Pratap University of Agriculture and Technology, Udaipur, Rajasthan. 
  • Sher-E-Kashmir University of Agriculture Sciences and Technology of Kashmir. Srinagar, Jammu & Kashmir. 
  • Karnataka Veterinary Animal and Fisheries Sciences University, Bidar, Karnataka.

Career Scope in Aquaculture? 

Aquaculturist 2022 - Welcome to a Dynamic Career

Aquaculture is one of the fastest growing sectors in the world. India has a vast coastal area which offers immense opportunities for fisheries in both marine and inland waters. 

India has the second largest share in the global aquaculture market with its 2.36 million hectares of ponds and tanks, a coastline of 7,500 kms and brackish water of 1.1 million, which offers a ground of fish farming.   

The fishing sector in India contributes livelihood to more than 28 million people in the country. With 10.5 lakh tons in volume and 33,442 crores in value, fish and fish products have risen to become the largest group of agricultural exports from India. 

The share of the fisheries sector in the total GDP (at current prices) has increased from 0.40% in 1950-51 to 1.03% in 2017-18. It is a record increase of 157%. The sector contributed Rs 1,75,573 crore to the GDP (at current prices) during FY 2017-18. 

The fisheries sector has demonstrated an outstanding double-digit growth of 10.87% since 2014-15.

The sector has reached record fish production of 142 lakh tons in FY 2019-20 and has immense potential for growth. 

No doubt the fisheries sector has been recognized as the sunrise sector in India.  

This provides a lot of career opportunities in fisheries and aquaculture.  

Business and Career Opportunities 

The Indian fisheries sector has tremendous opportunity for business and has contributed immensely as an employment generating sector. The Indian seafood business is expanding at a rate of approximately 15% per year. It still has a lot of room for growth. The increase in personal disposable income and changing consumption habit has increased the potential for entrepreneurs who wish to create their own fisheries or aquaculture firm. 

Similarly, there are numerous careers or jobs after B.Sc. aquaculture in government and the private sector. The government has fisheries departments in all states in the country where one can apply for various posts. You can apply for jobs in various central government agencies like Marine Product Export Development Authority (MPEDA), Fisheries Survey of India (FSI), NIO, WHO, and many others. 

Degree holders can apply for research projects or can-do further study. Candidates can find the number of job opportunities in fisheries and aquaculture in institutions,banks,fishing/oceans and in foreign countries.   

Few of the top companies where the degree holders can apply are 

  • Mowi 
  • Trident seafood corporation 
  • Avanti Feeds 
  • Coastal Corporation Ltd. 
  • The Waterbase Ltd. 
  • Charoen Pokphand Food (CP Foods) 
  • Pacific Andes 

Type of Jobs in Aquaculture Industry 

Aquaculture has a vast scope and opting it as a career is a unique choice. It just requires from you an interest in the subject. 

Fish farming ranges from a basic technician job to that of managers and bio-technologists and other applied sciences professionals. 

Here are a few high paying jobs in Aquaculture. 

  • Aquaculture Technician 

An aquaculture technician is responsible for manning the areas where the fishes and molluscs are bred. An Aquaculture technician job is to ensure that the water is clean, adequate and the food for fishes is in regular supply. 

  • Aquaculture Manager 

Managerial Personnel is a person who is working in the fish farm as a manager. His role is to oversee the production, distribution, and sales aspects of the fishes bred at the farm. He is also responsible for the maintenance of the fish farm and necessary records. 

  • Aquaculture specialist 

An aquaculture specialist’s responsibility is to conduct operations at aquaculture farms and fisheries. These analysis results are then sent to the interested parties in both the public and private sector. 

  • Aquarist 

An aquarist is responsible for the well-being of fish and marine animals in an aquarium. He looks after the feeding of the fish, performs daily health checkups of fishes and monitors the activities of the organisms in the aquarium. He also tends the environment in the aquarium, and oversees the tasks of cleaning tanks, cleaning water recirculation pumps and maintaining pumps and maintaining required tools and equipment. 

  • Seafood Inspector 

The Seafood Inspector verifies the operations and end products in the aquatic farm to ensure that they are acceptable for human consumption, examines the procedures, species health and the working conditions in compliance to the standard laid down by the concerned authorities.  

The Future 

The Indian aquaculture industry has grown at a dramatic pace in the last two decades. Its size has increased sixfold, although it still has to overcome several infrastructural and technological bottlenecks. India is undergoing a Blue Revolution in the last two decades which has increased the employment opportunity in the fishing industry

The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) reveals that 90% of the global reserves have been fully exploited. India uses only 40% of the available ponds, tanks, and other water bodies for freshwater aquaculture and 15% of total potential of brackish water resources. 

India’s long coastline is its main strength to meet its objectives of Blue Revolution. It has reached new horizons in the advancement of technology. The government is aiming to turn India into a hotspot in fish production and is taking appropriate policies, marketing and infrastructure support. The industry has been transformed with innovative solutions which presents a great opportunity to invest their resources in a sector with immense growth potential. With these technological advancement and favourable government policies toward the industry, the aquaculture industry is going for a major boost making this sector as popular as the agriculture sector with even greater profitability.  











Horticulture Career 2022 — The Dynamic World of Job Opportunities

A Horticulture career  is for those who have a passion for plants. The word horticulture is derived from the Latin word “Hortus” that means “Garden” and “Cultus” that means “Cultivation”.

Thus, horticulture is a part of agriculture science that is concerned with the cultivation of Garden crops. Garden crops include fruits, vegetables, and all the plants grown for ornamental purposes as well as spices,plantation,medicinal and aromatic purposes.

Unlike the field crops cultivation that is based on extensive cultivation, horticulture requires intensive care in planting, carrying out cultural operations, and manipulating growth. Harvesting,packing,marketing,storage and processing.

Also, horticulture does not require large-scale crop protection or animal husbandry like agriculture. Horticulture lays stress on cultivation on small size plots with a diverse mix of mixed crops, while agriculture focuses on a single large primary crop at times.


Horticulture and Horticulturist

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

What is horticulture?

Horticulture is a branch of agriculture science that deals with the cultivation of plants,vegetables,flowers,fruits,herbs,shrubs,bushes and ornamental trees. Horticulture includes landscaping for gardens, maintaining nurseries, green houses,orchards,and plantations and cultivation of flowers.

Horticulture now also includes direct or indirect application in food-technology industries as production, harvesting and storing of vegetables that are highly mechanized and merged into food technology.

Who is a Horticulturist?

A horticulturist is a person who has skills and uses them in the production of plants. A horticulturist improves the plant growth,quality,nutritional value, yield, and resistance to insects, diseases, and environmental stresses.

Horticulturists start from gardeners and end up as designers. They work as growers, therapists, designers and technical advisors.

Horticulturists grow and process flowers, ornamental plants, fruits, vegetables and medicinal plants.They prepare soil, nurture and grow plants, collect the produce(flowers,fruits,vegetables, etc.,), process them and distribute them for selling and other purposes.

Branches of Horticulture

Horticulture is a vast subject. This field is divided into three major branches.


Floriculture is the cultivation of flowers. It is the branch of ornamental horticulture concerned with growing and marketing flowers.


Olericulture is the science of growing vegetables. It teaches us to grow,store,process and market plants for food. The vegetables are mostly annual, non-woody plants from which one harvests a crop.

Pomiculture or Pomology

Pomology is the science of producing and marketing seed bearing food that grows on woody perennial plants like trees, bushes and vines.

What is the importance of Horticulture?

Horticulture plays a very important role in our daily life. Here are a few of its benefits.

  • Horticulture cultivates fruits and vegetables that help in our balanced diet by providing vital protective nutrients.
  • Horticulture is key to several industries like canning, essential oil,dehydration,refrigeration,wine,cashew nut, transport, etc. that provide employment to many people.
  • The flowers, ornamental plants and gardens play a very important role in reducing air pollution and refreshing the minds of people.
  • Horticulture crops also contribute to the aesthetic side of rural and home life of the community.
  • Horticulture generates employment opportunities.
  • Horticulture helps in the effective utilisation through hardy fruits and medicinal plants.

Types of Plants in Horticulture

We can further categorize the plants cultivated in horticulture into the following.

Annuals Plants

Annuals are plants that live for one year or less, that makes its vegetative growth flowers and produces seed within one year from the sowing date and then the plant dies. Examples of Annuals are brinjal,tomato,coleus etc.

Biennials Plants

Biennials plants are those plants that require two years or parts growing seasons with more or less of a dormant or resting season between to complete their life period. Examples are onion,beet,carrot,cabbage radish etc.

Perennials Plants

Perennials persist from year to year and go on producing crops of seed from year. Perennials may be herbaceous or woody and perennials may be trees or shrubs or vines. Examples are Mango, Chiku etc.

Deciduous Plants

Deciduous plants shed their leaves once a year when they go to rest. This is in the cold season. Their leaves change their colour when temperature falls and become yellow and fall off. The tree becomes bare and looks dry. Examples are apple,plum,peach, and sirls.

Evergreens Plants

Evergreen plants are those who do not have a definite resting season and they do not leave their leaves during a particular season. All physiological activities go on continuously and the tree never becomes completely devoid of leaves and bare. Examples are mango,chiku,citrus etc.

How to become a Horticulturist?

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

One can start horticulture education after completing intermediate/12th level education. You must complete your 12th in science stream (Physics, chemistry and Math/biology/agriculture) to opt for admission in bachelor’s degree in agriculture as well.

Most candidates have to take an entrance test namely ICAR AIEEA 2022 conducted by ICAR to start a career in horticulture. However, some colleges conduct their own admission for horticulture.

Bachelor’s Courses in Horticulture

Bachelor of Science (BSc) in Horticulture for 3 years

Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech.) in Technology for 4 years

Master’s Course in Horticulture

Master’s of Science (M.Sc.) in Horticulture in 2 years

Postgraduate Diploma in Horticulture and Landscaping Gardening for 2 years.

M.Sc. Agriculture in Horticulture (Floriculture and Landscaping) for 2 years.

For admission to postgraduate courses in horticulture, one has to pass the bachelor’s degree in the relevant discipline with minimum 60% marks.

Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD) in Horticulture

Candidates who want to pursue Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD) in horticulture can do so after completing their post-graduation in the same discipline.

List of Top Colleges offering courses in Horticulture

Serial No College name Courses Course fees (1st year)
  1  Indian college research Institute ( (IARI), New Delhi MSc Agriculture


  Rs 43,150

Rs 29,250

  2 Tamil Nadu Agriculture University ( (TNAU), Coimbatore B.Sc in Agriculture

U.G diploma in         agriculture

  Rs 50,255

Rs 21,100

  3 Punjab Agriculture University (PAU), Ludhiana B.Sc. in Agriculture

M.Sc. in Agriculture



  4 Anil Dharmalingam Agriculture College and Research Institute (ADAC&RI),


BSc in Agriculture Rs 70,825
  5 Daffodil College in Horticulture, Kamrup, Assam BSc in Agriculture Rs 94,000
  6 Govind Ballabh Pant University of Agriculture and technology, Pant Nagar, Uttarakhand BSc in Agriculture

MSc in Agriculture

Rs 41,736

Rs 49,108

  7 University of Calcutta, Kolkata MSc in Agriculture Rs 8,694
  8 Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Pune, Maharashtra MSc in Agriculture Rs 19,100
  9 Mumbai University, Mumbai, Maharashtra PG Diploma in Agriculture Rs 11,700
  10   BIRSA Agriculture University (       BAU), Ranchi, Jharkhand MSc in Agriculture Rs 15,500



Why should one become a Horticulturist?

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

The Scope of Horticulturists in India

Horticulture is the fastest growing sector in agriculture. Presently India is next only to China in area and production of vegetables and fruits crops. We produce 10% of fruits and 14% vegetables of the world production.

Here are few facts of horticulture in India:

  • India is the largest producer of mango, banana,sapota,acid lime and cauliflower.
  • India is the second largest producer of onion and third in cabbage production globally.
  • India produces nearly 70 different varieties of vegetables.
  • We are the largest producer of rice in India


Horticulture Career Prospects

Horticulture has a lot of scope. Whether you want a full time or part time horticulture job, whether you own a piece of land or not, you can take up this line and live a decent life.

In recent years there is a rapid expansion of horticulture as an industry. As there is more awareness among the people of the impact of pollution on the environment, Horticulture is becoming more popular.

The career as a horticulturist is extremely lucrative as not only is there a rise in demand for plants,flowers,fruits but also the technology behind it is also becoming more and more sophisticated. The growth in the export industry is also creating employment opportunities.

There is a demand for qualified and trained horticulturists with attractive remuneration in both public and private sectors. There are also job openings in the UK and US and qualified horticulturists.

Top ten career paths in Horticulture

Horticulturists have very high demand in various industries in India. You have a number of job opportunities and career options after completion of the course. Let us take a closer look at a few of the most wanted types of jobs in horticulture in India.

1. Pomology

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Pomology is the study of the production of fruit crops in the field. These are of two types.

  1. Tree fruits like mango,chiku,citrus etc.
  1. Small fruits produced on shrubs like Phalsa, Asberry, Grapes, Strawberry.

Pomologists are responsible for the cultivation of new fruits and nuts as well as maximising the production of existing ones. Their job duties include the following.

  • Developing new fruit and nut cultivars
  • Studying pruning practices,fertilisation and other activities to ensure that the trees and crops remain healthy.
  • How to deal with crop pests, infections and diseases.
  • What are the best ways to harvest fruits and nuts?
  • Analysing shelf lives and storage conditions to ensure the longevity of crops life.
  • Survival of crops in adverse climate conditions.
  • Studying the conditions for growth of various fruit and nut trees.
  • How to water, prune and transplant crops.
Essential skills required to become Pomologists

Here are the skills that are required for a Pomologist.

  • Excellent research and laboratory skills
  • Strong analytical skills
  • Interest in fruit cultivation
  • Critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
  • Outdoor skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Good report writing skills for creating research reports.
  • Excellent Speaking skills
  • Inquisitiveness and persistence
  • An up-to-date knowledge of Industry trends.


2. Olericulture

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Olericulture is the study of vegetable crops like brinjal, tomato,potato,radish,chilli., etc. An Olericulturists deals with the production,storage,processing and marketing of vegetables.

Vegetable crops can be classified into 9 major types.

  • Potherbs and greens like  spinach and collards
  • Salad crops like lettuce, celery
  • Cole crops like cabbage and cauliflower
  • Root crops (tubers) like potatoes, beets, carrots, radishes
  • Bulb crops like onions, leeks
  • Legumes like beans, peas
  • Cucurbits like melons, squash, cucumber
  • Solanaceous crops like tomatoes, peppers potatoes
  • Sweet corn
Essential skills required to become Olericulturists
  • Critical thinking and problem-solving skills
  • Good outdoor skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Good report writing skills
  • Excellent speaking skills
  • Inquisitiveness and persistence
  • An up-to-date knowledge of industry trends


3. Floriculture

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Floriculture is the study of cultivation of flowers and ornamental plants both for commercial purposes or as a hobby. There has been a steep rise in the demand for floriculturists as a result of the rise in domestic need of flowers like roses,gerbera,carnation,gladiolus,orchids and lilies.

You can choose any of these careers after completing your course.

  1. Floral Designers
  1. Interior Decorator
  1. Production Managers
  1. Management Analysts
  1. Floral Wholesaler
  1. Sales Representatives
  1. Landscape technicians


Floriculturists can work in nurseries,Botanical gardens, farm companies, Genetic companies. Agriculture product companies. They can teach in colleges and universities as professors. They can work in cosmetics and perfume manufacturing companies. You can also set your own business in growing flowers in the export market.


4.  Landscape Gardening

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Landscape gardening is the study of designing and laying out home gardens, public gardens, parks, road side plantation, avenues etc. Landscape gardening has many sub divisions.

  • Landscape design
  • Landscape ecology
  •  Landscape engineering
  • Landscape planning
  • Landscape archaeology
  • Nature scaping
  • Sustainable landscaping
  • Terraforming
  • Xeriscaping


5 .   Post-Harvest Technology

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Post-Harvest technologist is the study of canning of fruits and vegetables like fruit juice,jam,marmalade,candy,dehydration etc., product groups like confectionery, chocolates and cocoa products, soya- based products, mineral water, high protein foods etc.

Food scientists are responsible for understanding processes contributing to food deterioration and spoilage and devising appropriate measures and methods of preservation in order to ensure availability, acceptability and safety of food.

They are also responsible for post-harvest reduction encompassing the usage of optimum harvest factors, reduction of losses in handling, packaging transpiration and storage with modern infrastructure machinery, processing into a wide variety of products, home scale preservation with low-cost technology.


6.  Silviculture


Silviculture is the study of cultivation and management of forest trees like teak wood, Ficus, eucalyptus, etc.

The roles of Silviculturist include control of crop composition and production of species of more economic value, Afforestation of blank under stock areas, Production of quality timber, control of rotation timber, creation of man-made forests and introduction of exotics, Protection of site and intangible returns.

7. Plantation Crops Cultivation.

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Plantation crops are tea,coffee,coconut,arecanut,rubber,oil palm, etc. Plantation crops like coir-based products and coffee have export potential which helps us earn foreign exchange, Also plantation crops cultivation provide employment throughout the year.

8. Spices and Condiments

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity


Spices and condiments are high value crops like Cardamom,clove,nutmeg,coriander,cumin,etc.. These are used as adjuncts in food for flavour, aroma, and taste.

9. Aromatic and medicinal plants

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Gugal,aonia,baheda,harde,licorice are examples of aromatic and medicinal plants. These crops have medicinal properties in them that are capable of curing various diseases in humans.

10, Sericulture

Horticulture Career 2022 -- The Dynamic world of Job Opportunity

Sericulture is Silk farming. Sericulture deals with the rearing of silkworms and production of silk. Sericulture plays an important role in the rural economy in India. It offers numerous employment opportunities in government, research centres, sericulture units, agriculture sector banks, etc.

Certified Horticulturist salary

The average salary of a horticulturist in India is Rs 400,000 per annum.The entry level horticulturist with 1 to 4 years experience earns up to Rs 2,75,00 per annum.A mid level career horticulturist with 5 to 9 years of experience can earn up to Rs 409,746 per annum. An experienced horticulturist with 10 to 19 years of experience can earn up to Rs 6,75000 per annum.


Horticulture science includes both plant science and plant aesthetics. It is an applied science which means that all the knowledge gained by horticulturists can be used to improve plant production, marketing, and quality of human and animal life on earth,

Also, In India the scope and business of the horticulture industry is increasing day by day. The market has a high demand for horticulturists making it one of the fastest growing segments. This has resulted in creating more employment opportunities and career growth for the youth.










Plumbing Career 2022 – An exciting career for creative job seekers

We are all aware of Plumbers. We call them when we need them. They do their job and leave. They are very common. But none of us have ever thought about taking a plumber Job. That is because most of us consider ourselves as highly educated and a plumbing career as too low or menial for us.  

Here is an eye opener for those of us who want to pursue plumbing as a career. 

What is a Plumber? 

Plumbing Career - An exciting career for creative job seekers

Plumbers are skilled laborers who install and maintain pipes and other water systems in residential and commercial buildings. They handle various aspects of installing and maintaining plumbing systems. So, if you have an inclination in pipe fitting career, fixing things and interacting with people, then plumbing career is well suited for you.  

Types of Plumbers 

Plumbers are of different types depending on their job functions. 

  • Commercial Plumber 

Commercial plumbing involves extensive and large-scale waste removal procedures and water removal procedures and water system procedures and water system installations for large businesses. It involves excavating trenches and drains and putting in pipelines which are then linked to main buildings and the local water reserves as well as the sewage systems. 

  • Residential Plumber 

Residential plumbers are strictly involved in small scale residential plumbing jobs. They mostly carry out the procedures of pipe system installations in residential homes. They also ensure that the water systems, pipes and toilets in homes are functioning properly. They also repair and service plumbing systems, in houses and residential flats. In short, they are plumbers for small jobs. 

  • Service and repair plumber 

All the maintenance and repairs of plumbing systems are done by a service and repair plumber at homes and commercial business. These experts reduce pressure, leakages, cleaning and servicing. They specialize in regular leakages and clogging issues. Service and repair plumbers are technically trained and are experienced in problem-solving and fixing reduced plumbers.    

Job Description of Plumbers  

Plumber’s job is to perform diagnostic, installation and repair of plumbing systems used in gas, air, and water distribution and air conditioning systems (HVAC). They also install plumbing fixtures such as bathtubs, sinks, and toilets and appliances, including dishwashers and washing machines. They also train apprentices and supervise helpers. Their job description includes: 


Plumbers interpret blueprints and building specifications to map layout for pipes, drainage systems, and other plumbing materials. 


The task of a plumber is to install pipes and fixtures, such as sinks and toilets, for water, gas, gas, steam, air , equipment, and fixtures prior to installation. He is also responsible for installing heating and air-conditioning systems, including water heaters. 


A plumber is responsible for testing plumbing systems for leaks and other problems.He analyses and identifies appropriate tools and material for repair. He also chooses plumbing materials based on budget, location and intended uses of the building and performs inspections of plumbing systems to identify and replace worn parts. 


The plumber oversees other workers, such as apprentices and helpers. He prepares bids and schedules for them. He also has lay guidelines for health and safety standards and complies with building codes. A plumber writes a report documenting a problem and action taken to save it. He also has to collaborate with contractors, construction workers, electricians, pipe fitters, and steam fitters in installing and repairing plumbing.  

Skills required to become a Plumber  

To become a plumber, you must require a certain set of skills. These skills will help you in progressing in your career path to become a successful plumber. Some of the essential skills required to become a plumber are given below. 

  • Technical Skills 

Sound technical knowledge helps plumbers to fix things, solve problems and take better and informed decisions. They must have an excellent working knowledge of machinery and tools like wrenches. Pipe cutters, hacksaws, bending instruments, grips. Seals and tapes. Plumbers are required to make accurate measurements, calculations, and specifications, to ensure that projects are completed efficiently and safely within a given deadline period.  

  • Physical Skills 

Plumbers have to be physically fit and capable for a plumbing job as it requires flexibility, physical strength, excellent motor skills and good vision. Plumbers often have to work in dark spaces and with small tools like gauges. 

  • Analytical Skills 

Plumbers have to analyze how systems like water supply and sanitation works. They must be able to determine how changes in conditions and parameters affect outcomes. They also have to conduct tests and inspections to determine the cause of errors and make detailed plans to rectify them.  

  • Critical Thinking 

 Plumbers have to study the advantages and disadvantages of possible solutions, conclusions and approaches to solve problems. People who want to become plumbers must have the ability to use logic and common sense. 

  • Administrative skills. 

Plumbers are often required to track expenses, make inventories, order supplies and plan project calendars. From time to time a plumber needs to prepare and submit reports and explain those to clients or supervisors.   

  • Problem-Solving Skills 

Plumbers must have an ability to identify the root cause of the problem and provide realistic solutions. Plumbers must be able to solve complex problems within short time frames in ongoing projects. This requires them to think creatively and logically. 

  • Communication Skills 

Since plumes are required to work with a wide variety of people in a project, they must have good communication skills. They must be able to communicate effectively with assistants, managers, business owners, materials suppliers and homeowners. They should be able to convert their thoughts in an articulate manner while delivering professional messages. They also must be able to explain complicated ideas in easy language so people are able to understand them easily.  

How can you become a Plumber? 

Plumbing Career - An exciting career for creative job seekers


Plumbing is a highly skilled profession and thus requires certain skills and training. Of course, you must also attain some qualifications to work as a plumber. Although it is not necessary to get a training or degree in plumbing to work, still, it can help you learn skills and work knowledge. 

Eligibility to become a Plumber 

Candidates must pass 10th in any stream with 60 percent required to get admissions in some of the reputed institutions. The aspirants have to take an entrance exam to get admission or diploma course in plumbing. There are some institutions that provide admission on the marks obtained in the qualifying exam. They even provide admission on a first come first serve basis.  

Here are a few of the steps that you need to take to become a plumber. 

 1. Get higher secondary school education 

Some companies prefer their candidates to have completed their higher secondary education. Plumbers should have a basic understanding of science, technology and mathematics. Also, they must have a good command of computer-aided drafting tools. 

2. Pursue Vocational training in plumbing 

Vocational education provides training to candidates for jobs that involve manual or practical activities.  Vocational courses are typically non-academic and related to specific trades, occupations and vocations. However, these are technical education, as the student develops skill-sets that can help him as a plumber. 

3. Work as an Apprentice Plumber 

After getting vocational training from a vocational college, you can also get work experience by taking apprentice plumber jobs under the guidance of an experienced practitioner in the field. You get an opportunity to receive on the job training and learn about regulations and codes, procedures and specialized skills related to the trade as an apprentice plumber. 

4. Get plumbing certification by a competent authority 

Having a certification as a plumber shows to potential employers that you have knowledge to install and repair gas, waste, and water pipes safely. 

The Indian Plumbing Skills Council or IPSC provides certifications in plumbing that hold value in the market. IPSC training partners give you excellent training under different schemes. The candidates are eligible to get different job roles as a plumber as per international standard after they get an IPSC certification.  

The duration of training is one year with two semesters. The training helps you to gain knowledge of topics like installing or maintaining heating systems; repairing sanitation systems; fitting domestic appliances; installing air-conditioning units; fitting bathrooms and emergency repairs. 

5. Gain work experience 

You can continue to work as a practitioner and gain experience, once you get your plumbing certification. It will help you in learning more about the trade. Also, you will develop new skills and stay updated on best practices in the field. This will help you advance in your career paths with higher pay and more benefit.  

Top ten Plumbing courses in India 

Here is the table of plumbing courses in India along with the duration and cost of the course. 

Institute Name   City  Course Name  Duration  Course Fees 

  Bharat Technical  


Jamshedpur Institute   Plumber course  –  – 
MEP Center  Hyderabad  PLUMBER LEVEL-1    30 Days  – 
Indian Institute of Plumbing Technique 




Diploma in Plumbing 


12 months 


Dimensional Academy 


  Plumbing and Fire Fighting 


12 months 




ASMACS Skill development Training 


Andhra Pradesh 


Plumber (General) Training 


3 months 


Delhi Institute of Vocational Training Center 




Diploma in Plumbing 


12 months 


Softcon Training 







  WQC Institute of MEP 






  70 hours 




The cost of completing a plumbing course in India from any of these institutes is about Rs 50,000. The duration of the course is about 3 to 12 months. 


The Scope of Plumber in India 

Plumbing Career - An exciting career for creative job seekers

As a plumber in India, you have a wide scope in employability ranging from self-employment, contractual employment, to Industrial jobs. On successful completion of the above courses the candidates can easily be absorbed in the industry in the following occupations. 

  • Plumber, General 
  • Plumber, Operations 
  • Plumber, General Installations and Repair 
  • Plumber, General Helper 
  • Plumber, General Assistant 
  • Plumber, Maintenance and Service Assistant 
  • Plumber, Maintenance and servicing 
  • Pipe Layer/Plumber Pipeline 
  • Pipe Fitter 
  • Plumber and Pipefitters 
  • Plumber welder/Plumbing (Sanitary fixtures), Fitter assistant 
  • Plumber (Welder) Assistant 
  • Plumber (E/M Mechanic) 
  • International Comparability 


Career Path growth for plumber 

The Plumbing career path progression is well defined and is directly related to his skills, ability to learn and experience. 

Junior Plumber 

Plumbers with less than one year of experience fall under the category of junior plumbers. They work in residentials homes. These plumbers slowly and slowly gain experience and work knowledge through training by working on apprenticeships and residential jobs like on new apprenticeships and residential jobs like on construction sites, housing schemes and home renovations. They acquire skills working under senior plumbers and get hands-on experience. Their average starting salary is about Rs5000 per month. 

Senior Plumber 

Once the plumber gains skill and work experience they fall under the category of senior plumber. They are skilled professionals who work in large commercial settings like schools, universities, factories, shopping malls and manufacturing plants. Senior plumbers are responsible for the installation and repair of pipes and tanks in commercial and industrial establishments. Their average starting salary is around Rs 10,000 per month. 

Salary of Plumbers 

The plumber employment nature may be contractual or permanent. Plumbing contractors who take up large contracts are paid on a contract basis. Their earning depends upon the size and duration of the contract. 

The average salary of a plumber working in a company is Rs 17,165 per month or Rs 2,42,433 per month. 

An apprentice plumber earns about Rs 15,402 per month or Rs 2,84,602 per month.  

Here are a few of the jobs related to plumbing. 

Plumbing Engineer 

A plumbing engineer is a certified professional engineer who designs water, sanitation and drainage systems for residential and commercial buildings. The average salary for a plumbing engineer is Rs 22,292 per month or Rs 3,14,853 per month.  

Plumbing Drain Technician 

Plumbing technicians working in drains are responsible for the installation and maintenance of drainage components used in sanitation systems. They access designs. They install drainage systems and maintain them. They do repair work. Their average salary is Rs 15,870 per month or Rs 2,24,152 per year. 


Installers provide customers with operating instructions. They travel to customer’s houses or businesses to install equipment, suggest areas for installation, troubleshoot and provide customers with operating instructions. The average salary of an Installer is Rs16,092 per month or Rs 2,27,276 per year. 

Besides the above jobs, you can get plumber government jobs in undertakings like the Public Works Department (PWD). You can also get plumber government jobs in railways.  

The Future Job Outlook for Plumber 

Plumbing Career - An exciting career for creative job seekers

As per the Bureau of Labor statistics the demand for plumber in the job market is expected to grow over 14 percent till year 2028. This means that plumber is in short supply and high demand which leads to the fact that there are more plumber jobs available. 

A shortage of qualified plumbers is expected to create more  employment opportunities. The Plumbing career outlook is bright. This can be attributed to the fact that there is a tremendous growth in the construction and building renovation industry. For example Bathroom remodeling should generate more demand for plumbers. Plumbing  Job seekers with the welding  experience will enjoy further prospects. 

The construction of new septic tanks and water waste treatment plants will create more demand for plumbers. Similarly raising the efficiency standards for toilets and showerheads and rules for home and business sprinkler systems will create more job opportunities for plumbers. 




























Machinists 2022– A Dynamic and Blistering Career to Content With

In today’s world, the role of machines has become an indispensable part of our life. Men and Machines have learned to coexist with each other with the latter acting as a dutiful servant for the Machinists.

It is hard to think of one existing without the use of machines even in the most primitive form.

As a profession, Machinists are fast-growing with few barriers to entry. Machinists are always learning because machine technology evolves rapidly.

What are Machinists?

Machinists 2022-- A Dynamic and Blistering Career to Content With

Machinists are manufacturing professionals. They set up and operate machine tools that are both mechanically and computer-controlled. Also, they have knowledge of tooling and materials required to create setups on machine tools. Some of these machine tools are milling machines, grinders or lathes that produce precision metal parts. A Machinist repairs machinery or manufactures replacement parts for broken machines.

Job description of Machinists.

Machinists 2022-- A Dynamic and Blistering Career to Content With

Machinists use machinery tools to make metal works, they create pieces such as automobile pistons, hydraulic components, steel bolts, anti-lock brakes, and so on. They use blueprints or computer-aided design (CAD) to complete their work. Machinists also monitor cutting paths as well as the speed and feed of machines.

In short, Machinists work for:

  • Machinery and equipment machinery
  • Motor vehicles, auto parts, and aircraft plants.
  • Factories for shaped metal parts.
  • Workshops

Their tasks include;

  • Securing and adjusting workpieces
  • Securing and aligning cutting tools
  • Milling, shaping, grinding, and drilling machine parts to specifications.
  • Smoothening product surfaces.
  • Measuring and testing finished products
  • Submitting finished products to customers and making modifications when necessary.

Here are a few examples of Machinists:

  • Automotive Machinists
  • Aviation Machinists
  • General Machinists
  • Tooling Inspectors
  • Electrical Machinists
  • Machining inspectors
  • Machinists’ diesel design
  • CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machinists
  • CNC MachineOperator
  • Head Machinist
  • Motor Machinists
  • Metal Machinist
  • Engine Machinists

How do we become a Machinist?

Machinists 2022-- A Dynamic and Blistering Career to Content With

To become a Machinist, we require Skills and basic educational qualifications. This is because skilled machinists have a better chance of hiring than unskilled machinists.

Skills required to become a Machinist

A few of the skills that employers require from the Machinists are:

  • Analytical Skills such as the ability to understand the technical blueprints, models, and terminology needed to craft components and products.
  • Manual dexterity and accuracy are required by Machinists to create parts and follow designs to a millimeter.
  • Many machinists require Physical Stamina to stand and perform repetitive movements for a long period.
  • Mathematical abilities are necessary for machinists to understand and use computer applications and measuring machines.
  • Machinists are required to examine blueprints and visualize the project they need to complete. For that, they require Critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
  • Machinists require mechanical skills to know how to operate machine tools such as grinding, milling machines, water and laser cutting machines, latches, and wire electrical discharge machines.

Other than the above skills there are few specific skills that employers search for in you as a skilled machinist. They look for candidates who have a basic understanding of metal networking processes, computerized measuring machines, and technical skills. These are

  • Computer numerical control (CNC) programming and machining skills
  • Technical writing and comprehension
  • Geometric dimensioning and tolerance.
  • Additive manufacturing
  • CAD and computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) technology
  • Modeling and simulation


Here are a few steps that you should undertake to become a Machinist.

Step 1 Research Job duties 

You must start by researching different job duties depending on your job title. Different job titles have different roles and responsibilities. You have to determine which job profile suits you. These profiles include setting up tools and machinery, monitoring metal parts heating and cooling temperatures, and cutting and adjusting workpieces. 

Step 2. Get a high school degree 

You must complete your secondary education and earn a high school diploma in subjects like maths, geometry or trigonometry. You may also attend extra classes in drafting, metal works, and blueprint reading. If you are applying for advanced machinist positions you might have to use physics and advanced calculus. You must be proficient in computers as you will most probably work in computer-aided machinery.

Step 3. Complete a machinist post-graduate program 

You must be able to complete a two-year program at a community college or technical school to further your education. These programs will help you to an associate degree and teach advanced skills such as:

  • Cutting and welding tools manipulation
  • Design and blueprint reading
  • Computer-aided design
  • Computer numerical control
  • Computer-aided manufacturing.
  • Function and programming of computer numerically controlled machines.

Step 4. Pursue Training 

As a machinist trainee, you are required to get an on-the-job-training for at least one year after entering the industry. If you have just finished high school you will have to go for on-the-job training for 12 to 18 months.

The most common training program for an aspiring machinist is an apprentice program for 4 years. It requires you to get a high school diploma or GED and classes in trigonometry and algebra. Many of these apprentice programs are sponsored by manufacturers. The program requires you to work for 40 hours per week. These programs help you to study various aspects of the machinery industry that including metallurgy, and CNC machines, and advance to more complex tasks.

Step 5.  Certification 

You must get a Certification to improve your skills and demonstrate your qualifications. You can get your certification through colleges and training institutes. Here are a few of the certifications you can pursue.


  • The National Institute of Metalworking Skills (NIMS) credentials: By passing performance-based examinations that include written and practical components. You can earn credentials such as Certified Journeywork, CNC Setup Programmer, or NIMS Certified Machinist.
  • Journey-level Certification: The state apprentice board offers this certification to Machinists.
  • The Manufacturing Institute’s Skills Certification System: This industry-driven program aims to align education.

You become a Certified Machinist after completing your certification which has more value in the industry.

Step 6. Advance your career

You might become a CNC programmer or advance into managerial positions. If you want to start your own business you can work as an independent contractor after gaining experience.

Institutes offering training in Machinists in India 

  1. Alt Training College

Bangalore, Karnataka

   2. St. Joseph Industrial Training Institute’s courses

Mangalore, Karnataka

    3. Bharathidasan University Constituent Arts and Science College

Tiruchirappalli, Tamil Nadu

    4. Bright Future ITI

Ambala, Haryana

    5. Joseph Industrial Training Institute

Mumbai Maharashtra


Here are a few of the entrance exams to several institutes and colleges to provide admission to students.

 Entrance exams for Machinists 

  • IIT Jee Main: Joint entrance exam.
  • BIT SAT: Birla Institute of Science and Technology
  • VITEEE: Vellore Institute of Technology Engineering Entrance Examination
  • KIITEE: Kerala Institute of Industrial Technology Entrance Exam
  • SRM JEE: SRM Joint Entrance Exam


The Scope for Machinists 

Machinists 2022-- A Dynamic and Blistering Career to Content With

Machinists have a wide scope of Employability. It ranges from self-employment and contractual employment to Industrial jobs. Machinists, Grinder, Operator of various types of power-driven metal cutting or grinding machines in production manufacturing industrial infrastructure, and defense organizations

A career as a machinist is a great opportunity for anyone willing to put in the time and effort. There is a limited barrier to entry, a high starting salary, and a positive job outlook.

The Demand for Machinists is projected to grow by 7% from 2020 to 2030. There will be 47,500 job openings for machinists and tool die makers each year for a decade.

For example, CNC Machinists are in high demand, especially those who have programming skills and advanced knowledge of advanced machinery.

How much does a Machinist Earn?

CNC machinists earn an average salary of Rs 20,690. A CNC operator earns Rs13,981 per month. A machine operator earns Rs14,615 per month, a manual machinist earns Rs 30,755 and a CNC programmer earns about Rs 19,544.

The average salary of machinists in India is Rs 15,546 per month.

Here are a few of the Top Machinist Companies in India

  1. ABC Enterprises
  1. Amar
  1. Veljan Hydrair Ltd.
  1. DIRAA HR Services


Other than that, there are large machinery shops near and around you that you can search and apply for.










Cameraman 2022-An Invitation to an Exciting and Prolific career

We all love to watch television and movies in the cinema hall. We enjoy them. We talk about them and their star cast. We talk about how good or bad the actor and their acting was especially in the lead roles. We talk about the Director. But we hardly remember persons who toiled behind the scenes and make us watch them as they are. Some of these persons are the Cameraman, Sound Recordist, screenwriter, cinematographer, film editor, producer, and other crew members who make it happen.

What is the Definition of a Cameraman?

Cameraman 2022-An Invitation to an Exciting and Prolific career

A cameraman is a person who is responsible for recording shots for a variety of films and broadcast purposes. They capture video images that enhance television shows or broadcast news programs. These people work in the studio or on the scenes of a news story that involves both live and recorded broadcasts. A cameraman uses all the technical aspects of lenses, filters, zooms, and other camera settings to capture scenes as per the clients’ requirements and film directors.

What does the cameraman do?

The job responsibility of a cameraman operator arranges from operating the camera equipment to recording video. They are also responsible for setting up cameras and lighting. They have to use different lenses and angles and panning shots before recording sessions. They must know how to choose lenses, films, and filters. They have to work closely with the other crew members and the director during the shooting.

A cameraman must be able to create special effects, add the right mix of tone, mood, etc to the picture, and must be adept with the use of light and exposure techniques.

In short, a cameraman plays an indispensable role when making a video or broadcasts for television or for cinema hall.

How do you become a Cameraman?

Cameraman 2022-An Invitation to an Exciting and Prolific career


In case you want to work in the entertainment industry, a career as a cameraman is one way to do so. But being a cameraman requires experience with the camera and video equipment.

You must possess these skills in order to start a career as a cameraman.

  • Aesthetic Interest
  • Technical Skill
  • Good Observation
  • Visual creativity
  • Teamwork
  • Ability to handle heavy equipment

In a survey, it was found that around 67% of cameramen are graduates and 3.7% are postgraduate. However, you can become a cameraman even after you have passed high school.

In order to become a cameraman, you may require some experience such as production assistance or camera operator. Other than a passion for the film industry you will need three key elements to be a success in your career as a cameraman. Let us explore the list of steps for you to become a cameraman.

These three steps are

  1. Diploma in Cinematography.
  2. An internship as a cameraman.
  3. Effective career development skills.

Step 1: Diploma in Cinematography

A diploma in Cinematography is a profession for those who are eager, committed, and passionate about a career in filmmaking. A diploma in cinematography course primarily teaches you about the camera and light works working on film production, television production, or any other live event. You also learn to make technical and artistic decisions related to the image.

You learn important concepts in cinematography like visual storytelling, camera techniques, lighting methods, scene composition, and working with the entire film crew. The diploma in cinematography introduces students to concepts like editing through short film project genres, film lighting, basics of cinematography, and digital cinematography.

A two-year Diploma in cinematography is sufficient to start a career in movies, television, and documentaries. The course also helps students in gaining experience in fieldwork.

Step 2: An Internship in Cinematography

A good film school will give its students access to campus job boards, social media pages, and career development advisors to assist in finding cameraman internships. The internship is important as all good cameraman positions require you to complete a cameraman internship.

Step 3: Effective career Development skills

Once you have completed your internship, you will have all the skills required for the job as a cameraman for news, TV, or movie production. These skills will help you in finding the right job in the industry.

Prestigious Institutes for Cinematography in India 

  • Film and Television in India
  • National Institute of Film and Fine arts
  • Satyajit Ray Film and Television Institute.
  • Biju Patnaik Film & TV Institute, Cuttack
  • Deviprasad Goenka Management College of Media Studies, Mumbai
  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication (I.I.M.C.) New Delhi
  • Institute of New Media Development and Research, Pune
  • National Institute of Design
  • SARK Institute of Film Studies, Kolkata
  • Government Film & Television Institute, Hessarghatta Road, Bangalore
  • CRAFT Film School, New Delhi

The average fee for Diploma in Cinematography course would range between INR 35,000 and INR 1,25,000.

Topics Covered in these Institutes 

A full-time Diploma in Cinematography course of two years has the following modules which are much more than a short-term course that covers broader concepts. Here are a few of the modules that are covered in the syllabus:


Module Topics Covered
Film Dimension and Packaging
Negative and positive perforation


Cores and camera spool


CAN. label information



Process and Printing
Various sections of the Motion picture lab


Liquid gate printing


Scene to scene color correction


Black and white film printing


Color correction effect


Scene to scene color correction



Films for Motion Pictures


Screening of films


Studying the conceptual lighting


Music video-styling of lighting



Motion Picture Cameras


Analysis of Claw motion


Registration pin




Camera Motors


Reverse Movement


Frames per sec



Transfer of Film to Video


Tele-cine basic


Type of Tele-cine machine


Frame per sec


File type


Digital Intermediate




Various Camera Test


The physical condition of the camera and lenses


Optical path and focusing






Eyepiece /viewfinder/ground glass



Types of film Cameras








16. SR-II








Cinema Projection


Screen luminance


Print loading and rewind


Random points about projection


Electronic Display Devices



Special Cinematography


Rigging the camera


Underwater shooting


Shooting in snow


Aerial photography



Digital film making


LFR (Laser Film Recorder)


DI (Digital Intermediate)




The course fees for Diploma in Cinematography range from INR 35,000 and INR 1,25,000.

Why should you become a Cameraman?

Cameraman 2022-An Invitation to an Exciting and Prolific career


A cameraman records shots for a variety of films and broadcasting purposes. His job responsibility includes cleaning, testing, and maintaining his equipment. They use technical aspects of lenses, filters, zooms, and other scenes.

A cameraman can work in a variety of settings, including in television studios, production studios, sports venues, or at private events such as weddings. They may also work on location at remote destinations for films, music videos, documentaries, commercials, short films, or advertisements.

The career as a cameraman has become a lucrative option as their requirement is forever high due to the ever-expanding film and television industry. The cameraman job vacancy is going to increase further in the near future due to the rapid globalization of the entertainment industry.

Diploma in cinematography graduates may take up entry-level job roles in the capacity of cameraman production, motion control operator, camera operator, and camera assistant.

Here are the following job profiles of cameraman:

  • Director of Photography
  • Cinematographer
  • Video Editor
  • Cameraman
  • Videographer.


The top recruiters for cinematographers are Doordarshan in the government, Private TV channels, film studios, television studios, news studios, and corporate. They can start their own as a freelance cameraman, especially in wedding photography.

The scope and future prospects for a cameraman depend on factors like the nature of work and largely on their personal contacts and references.

What is the salary of a Cinematographer? 

At the entry level, a cinematographer can earn between Rs 7,000 to Rs 8,000 per month. However, with experience, the cinematographer can earn between Rs 40,000 and 50,000 per month.

Future Prospects for Cameraman

As per the Bureau of Labor Statistics, there is an increase of 18 percent from 2019 to 2029 in the number of people employed as cameramen. This is an exceptionally fast rate growth rate. This increase can be attributed to the fact that there is a growth in the number of internet platforms like streaming services and developments in special effects that require an experienced cameraman to produce the desired result.





News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career

We all after a certain age watch News on television or hear it on the radio. We read daily newspapers and magazines for news. We do this because we are interested in what is happening in and around us. We want to hear and watch events be it sports, war, disasters, entertainment, or elections pertaining to our interests and that can affect us from our neighborhood to places from all over the world both live and recorded. Not only do they love to watch them but also analyze them. The persons who bring all this to us in the media are called News Anchors.       

News anchoring is a glamorous and flourishing profession due to the very fact that the media and mass communication industry is growing at a tremendous pace both in India and worldwide. You can gauge this fact by seeing the number of news channels on television.  

What is News? 

News is an update on current events. The news is disseminated to us by a number of media publishing houses, postal systems, broadcasting, digital communication, or evidence from spectators and incident witnesses.  

What is News Anchoring? 

News Anchoring is a profession where the news anchor reports on local, national, or international news and events to its audience on radio, television, and even on social media on the internet. The topics covered may include weather, sports, politics, entertainment, economy/business, and technology. News anchors either broadcast live from the studio or make a visit to the vents to gather and share information on events on camera. 

Who are the News Anchors? 

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career

A news anchor is a journalist who reports to the public at large on local, regional, and foreign news reports and events occurring. Their main task is to work closely with reporters to collect information, broadcast newscasts, and also present news stories in an insightful, impartial and meaningful manner as a lead journalist on television to the viewers. The news anchor, these people anchor a news channel together or keep it up to date. 

They also have to maintain continuity in their news stories between the segments. News anchors who are successful have their fans, captured viewers who trust and prioritize them in a particular market over other news channels.  

A few of the famous news anchors in India are Barkha Dutt, Rahul Kanwal, Rajat Sharma, Rajdeep Sardesai, Pranab, Arnab Goswamy, Gaurav Kalra, Ravish Kumar, Nidhi Rajdan,  Shewate Singh, Abhigyan Prakash, and Vikram Chandra.

What does the News Anchor do? 

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career 


The News Anchor’s job is to analyze, interpret and broadcast news received from various sources. Here is the news anchor job description.  

  • Debriefing 

  It is just after the newscast we have Debriefing. Debriefing is done to discuss all the technical issues, failures and successes, and discussing strengths and weaknesses with all journalists and technicians involved in the newscast. Here an analysis of the newscast may be done to help focus on improving the following newscast. 

  • Attend Meetings 

  The Newsroom meeting is held six to eight hours before the newscast to create a news broadcast of the day. The meeting lasts for about twenty to forty minutes. Every meeting has its own agenda and starts with a rundown of the news. Although it is conducted for News Anchors, the managers and technical staff are also included in the meeting. 

  • Newscasting 

   A Newscast is defined as a compilation of news segments that have been edited. It lasts for about 22 minutes. A newscast is made by news anchors and directors. News anchors write and deliver the newscast in such a way that the viewers can experience a concise selection of news. 

  • Preparatory meeting 

  The Preparatory meeting occurs four to two hours prior to the newscast. The news anchor settles the rundown of the newscast with the help of the director. This rundown is used by all production departments, such as on-set cameramen, news anchors, engineering personnel, assistant director, visual effects staff, and sound engineers.  


What are the Types of News Anchors? 

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career


Besides being a news anchor there are several other career paths related to new anchors. Here are a few of them. 

  • Columnist 

Columnists write in a series for the journals, They generate an article offering critique and opinions. Columns appear in the form of small paragraphs in Newspapers, magazines as well other editorials. Columnists can write on any topic that strikes them like sports, health, and entertainment. 

  • News Editor 

News editors evaluate various prints and media attributes to improve the job of the editor. They manage and produce news with accuracy, flow, and timeliness. They develop creative and specific approaches to improve reporting of daily news. News readers also Monitor and update content in order to meet the needs of their readers. 

  • Assignment reporter 

These reporters report prominent events. Their work involves writing articles about community news incidents like road accidents, fire accidents, or celebrity appearances. They work at the assignment desk which is the newsroom nerve room. 

  • Sports Reporter 

Sports reporters collect relevant information on sports and publish it as sports news. They also attend sports events, and interview sportsmen, coaches, and other people involved in sports.  

  • Business Reporter 

Business reporters investigate business stories and establish new concepts for business news reporting. They have to remain updated on the latest news and events in the industry. 

  • Entertainment reporter 

Entertainment reporters are reporters who report news and events from arts and entertainment. They also write blogs; broadcast news reports or online articles. They report the story and activities in the film industry, television, and music.  

What are the Skills required to become a News Anchor? 

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career

Here are a few of the skills that one must possess to become a News Anchor.

1. Communication Skills

A good news anchor must have excellent communication skills both in verbal and written. They must be excellent orators. They must be able to perform comfortably, especially in front of the camera. 

 2. Ability to report accurately 

A good news reporter must be an ethical reporter. He must write and report the events accurately regardless of any prejudice or bias. They need to look at each and every aspect of the issue in detail. 

3. Critical & Creative Thinking 

A news anchor must have the ability to think creatively and critically since they have to report news immediately while keeping the audience engaged with the news.  

4. Interviewing Skills 

The ability to interview in front of the camera in such a way so as to keep the viewers engaged is one of the skills that every news reporter or anchor must possess. 

5. Stress Tolerance 

The news anchor must be able to work and meet the deadlines. They must be able to cope with the stress well. 

6. Presence of mind 

News anchors may have to do multiple shows on different topics like debates, interviewing a celebrity or flash news. Sometimes they have to handle situations where they need a strong presence of mind. 

7. Leadership 

News anchors must be able to coordinate and host a show in front of the camera. He must also be able to groom young news anchors and producers. 

8. Social media skills 

Today social media like Facebook and Twitter face an important role in our daily lives. A successful news anchor must have good social media skills and must be able to explore social media platforms more and more.  

9. Appealing Personality 

An attractive, Pleasing personality and a well-groomed voice always go a long way for news anchors as they face the camera most of the time.  


How do you become a News Anchor/News Reporter? 



News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career


To start a news anchor career, you require a bachelor’s degree or a diploma in journalism, mass communication, or a related field. There are three career paths for you to become a news anchor: 

  1. You can complete your graduation in any subject and then go for a diploma or short-term certificate course in journalism and related fields.  
  2. You can complete graduation in any subject and then complete post-graduation in mass communication or journalism. 
  3. You can complete graduation in Journalism or Mass Communication.  

Eligibility to become a News Anchor 

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career

  • Mass communication and Journalism institutes and courses are open to students of all streams 
  • You must have at least one language in your 12th. 
  • You must have a minimum of 50% in your 12th class. Some colleges also ask for a cut-off in the English language also. 
  • Most colleges have an entrance test for getting admission in Mass communication and journalism in G.K. English, reading comprehension, and reading. 


What do you study in Mass Communication/Journalism? 


Courses in Mass communication/journalism equip you with the necessary skills for efficient and effective visual communication of news and information relating to current events and public affairs. Their training prepares students for broadcast careers in reporting, producing, and newsroom management.  

Here is the list of subjects that you study in Mass Communication/Journalism; 

  • Print Media 
  • Reporting & Editing 
  • Behavioural Science 
  • News & Contemporary issues 
  • National & International issues 
  • Public Relations 
  • Media Management 
  • Advertising 
  • Visual Communication 
  • Film Theory and Practice. 


List of colleges for Graduation in Mass Communication/Journalism

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career 

  • Delhi School of Journalism 
  • Lady Shri Ram College, Delhi University 
  • IP College for Women, Delhi University 
  • St Xavier’s College, Mumbai 
  • Jai Hind College, Mumbai University 
  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication, Delhi 
  • A.J.K. Mass Communication Research Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 
  • Xavier’s Institute of Communication 
  • Asian College of Journalism, Chennai 
  • Sri Aurbindo Institute of mass communication, Pondicherry 
  • Indian Institute of Journalism and New Media, Bangalore  
  • Symbiosis Institute of Media and Communication, Pune 
  • Sri Centre for Media Studies, Bengaluru 
  • Indian Academy of Mass Communication, Chennai 
  • Times School of Media, Bennett University, Noida  

List of colleges for Post-graduation in Mass communication/Journalism 

  • A.J.K. Mass Communication Research Centre, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi 
  • Indian Institute of Mass Communication, Delhi 
  • Asian College of Journalism, Chennai 
  • Xavier’s Institute of Communication 


Why Should you Become a News Anchor?   

News Anchor 2022- Welcome to a Glamorous and an Exciting Career
How to become a news anchor

Let us first look at the Industrial scenario of the Indian Media & Entertainment Industry 

  • India has the fifth largest media and entertainment market in the world. 
  • India’s media and entertainment industry is expected to grow by 10-12% per annum as per the CAGR report to 1000 billion dollars by 2030. 
  • By 2025 television households will cover 71% of total households in India at a growth rate of 5% per annum. 
  • In 2021 India’s television industry was worth 778 billion dollars.   
  • There are a total of 892 Television channels in India with 403 news channels. A few of the Indian news channels that dominate the market are Republic T.V., Times Now, and India Today news channel.  
  • The low cost of basic cable T.V. which is as low as $ 2 per month makes India the 2nd largest number of pay-TV subscribers in the world, next only to China. 


As the News channels in India grow at a rapid pace, both at the local and national levels, so are the news anchor job openings. Prominent news anchors are in demand as viewers tune in to get their news and reviews. News anchors deliver their news and also act as influencers to the audience.   

News anchor Salary Package 

The News anchor’s salary  in India at the start of your career ranges from Rs 12,000 to 25,000 per month. It can increase to Rs 50,000 to 100,000 per month with an experience of 5 years. Established and highest-paid news anchors in India can earn up to 12 lakhs to 50 lacs per annum. Abroad the salary of an experienced new anchor is between $87,000 to $110,000 per annum. 

In addition to the salary, News anchors are entitled to perks and allowances like Personal Grooming allowance, Personal Brand Building allowance, Allowance for contacting celebrities, politicians, and social workers, visiting different cities, etc.  


TV anchoring is regarded as Journalism at its best.TV anchors have become stars and role models in the world of journalism with a large number of fans. News anchors as a career are now well sought after. With the growth of digital media, the number of employment opportunities has increased at a rapid pace. However, competition for this job is high as the number of applicants is greater than vacancies. Even then job scenario for news anchor is quite promising, especially at the entry-level, 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Making a Dynamic Career in Medicine for lesser Mortals from Abroad

Becoming a doctor is a lifelong ambition which most of the students nurture through their early years of their education. We all have ambitions to become doctors, engineers, IAS, Military, Bankers etc and studying medicine is one of them. Preparing yourself for medical exams like NEET, FMGE and now NExT  is a difficult proposition if you are not so brilliant.

In our country or anywhere in the world a profession like doctor is a coveted one. This is because of the fact that it is not just highly paying but also due to the fact that it is a highly respected profession. 

Doctors are venerated a lot. After all they are the life savers. Their place is next only to God in the society. People look up to them to save their near and dear ones. Thanks to this position they possess they are being paid handsomely too.  

Doctors are much in demand in almost all parts of the world especially in third world countries like India where the health condition is bad. The demand and supply gap are wide. People in backward regions may not have seen doctors for months. The hospital’s conditions are pathetic. 

As per record in 2017, the population of India is 1.33 billion. This huge population is served by 1.8 million registered medical graduates. The ratio is 1.34 doctor for 1000 Indian citizens in 2017. The World Health Organization recommends a standard ratio of 1:1000 doctor to population ratio. Data shows that only eleven states among the 28 states in India meet this requirement. 

The outbreak of COVID 19 revealed the shortcomings of the Indian Health care. The WHO recommends 1 doctor, 2.5 nurses and 3.5 beds per 1000 population, while India has 0.65 doctors, 1.3 nurses, and 1,3 hospital beds per 1000 population. Although India has done a tremendous job in dealing with the pandemic. 

The public health care system operates in the dismissal ratio of 0.08 doctors per 1000 people. Studies show that India is facing a shortage of 2 million doctors. 

The high demand for doctors has resulted in the opening of more medical colleges. 

As the government is unable to cope with the rising demand, private medical colleges have been opened to meet the growing demand. Yet the demand has not been met. Now the students opt to go abroad and study medicine or dentistry there.  

Going abroad to study medicine is not new for a third world country like India Every other country takes pride in sending its talented students to developed nations to harness their potential. 

The important fact is where they send their children for further education. Destination to the right place is critical for parents. Also, the fear of getting duped plays an important factor for parents. Right college, Right subject for specialization, Standard facilities, Scope and Placements, and above all the finance that includes college and hostel fees, plus cost of other amenities like food, books etc. scholarships, all play an important part while planning for the career.  

How do you prepare for the medical exams? 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals
NEET Medical Examination

Studying medicine is expensive nowadays especially if you score low in the entrance exams. In India, you can appear and get admission to medical colleges through a common entrance exam for medicine NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test).

About 16 lacs appear for this entrance exam to fulfil their dreams to become doctors. The total number of seats in India for medical colleges is only about 90,000. More than half of these seats are in government colleges while the rest are in private colleges. 

To get into top medical colleges in India you must have a very good NEET score. These have quota systems like Government quota, management quota and NRI quota. Government quota is relatively cheaper than the Management and NRI quota which require high NEET Score and are very expensive. 

What is the Cost of Getting Admission in Medical College? 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals
China Medical University

It all depends on your NEET Score. High score means you get into a good medical college with a scholarship which reduces the financial burden. Less NEET score means you will get into a low-ranking medical college with no scholarship.  

The fees for a MBBS degree in a government college in India range from Rs 20,000 to 7.5 lacs while in a private college it may range from Rs 20 lacs to 1.2 crores. All depends on your NEET score. 

Top destination for medical students abroad and their fees 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals
Kyiv University classroom
Kazakhastan Russian medical university
Kazakhastan Russian Medical University

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals

China, Russia and Ukraine account for 60% of the students who study medicine abroad. China accounts for the third of the total outflow followed by Russia and Ukraine. Other countries include Kyrgyzstan, Philippines, Kazakhstan, Nepal, Georgia, Armenia, Nepal and Bangladesh.   

The main reason for thousands of students from India going abroad to these countries for further studies are  

  1. Low Cost 
  2. Less Competition 
  3. Better Job opportunity to work in a European country

 1. Low Cost

Pursuing MBBS is relatively cheaper in these countries than in India. The fees for the entire MBBS course which is typically of six years in these countries including living expenses and cost of coaching to clear the screening test on return to India would cost around Rs 35 lacs in a decent college in any one of these countries. It is Rs 18 lacs to 25 lacs in lesser-known colleges and just 11 lakhs to 13 lacs in the colleges in China where they teach a mix of Chinese and allopathic systems. The living expenses in these countries is around 1.5 lac to 2 lacs per annum that amounts to a total of Rs 9 lacs. 

In India in comparison only the tuition fees for the MBBS course in a private medical college cost at least Rs 45 lakhs to Rs55 lacs for 4.5 years MBBS course. The management quota seats it is approximately around 30 lakhs to 70 lacs. For NRI quota the fees are approx. 90 lacs to 1.5 crores.  

2. Less Competition 

In India if you want to get a seat in a good medical college you must have an excellent NEET score. With a limited number of seats which are just 5% of the total number of students who appear for this entrance exam the going is going to be tough. In 2021 about 16 lacs applied for the NEET Exam and about 8.7 lacs cleared the NEET UG Exam. 

Although the quality of students going abroad may be poor, they have very good reasons to study medicine. Almost 90% of these students who study abroad fail to clear the qualifying exams in India according to the Indian government.  

3.  Better Job opportunity to work in a European country

The students upon completing their MBBS from these countries can go for MS there and then get a job in a hospital in these European countries.  

What is Foreign Medical Graduate examination (FMGE)? 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals

Foreign Medical Graduate Examination (FMGE) also known as medical council of India screening test is a licensure examination conducted by the National Board of Examination (NBE) in India. 

FMGE is one of the mandatory requirements for an Indian citizen who has a medical degree from a college outside India and wants to practice medicine in India. FMGE was introduced in India in 2002 as a qualifying examination for Indian students who have obtained their medical degrees from countries outside India.  

What is FMGE Eligibility? 

You must be clear about the eligibility criteria of the exam before you appear for it. Here are the eligibility criteria that you must fulfil. 

  • You must be an overseas citizen of India (OCI) or a Bona-fide citizen of India. 
  • You must possess a primary medical degree that is confirmed by the concerned Indian embassy. It is mandatory that your qualifications are recognized by the country where the institute is situated so that you can enroll as a medical practitioner. 
  • You will have to submit documents as proof to support your educational claims. 
  • Students who studied medicine from countries like the US, UK, Australia, New Zealand, or Canada, are exempted from this exam as the universities of these countries are recognized by the MCI. 
  • Students from countries of the former Soviet Union, East European countries, China, Nepal, Philippines, and Caribbean countries are required to clear this exam.

FMGE is held twice a year. All the candidates are allowed three attempts to clear the exam. The difficulty level of FMGE is high and comparable to NEET-PG.

The National Medical Commission which replaced the Medical Council of India in 2020 released the draft regulations on FMGs that amends their requirements for screening tests. Starting from 2022, overseas graduates who intend to practice medicine in India will have to clear NExT within two years of completing their medical studies abroad. The draft regulation is expected to become official soon. 

This is not all. After clearing MCI Exam, you are required to apply for an internship in an Indian medical college for a period of one year.   

Why do we require Screening test for foreign students? 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals

The FMGE or NExT screening test is extremely tough. It has a low pass percentage ranging from 14% to 20%. from year to year. The screening test is a kind of refinery to get better quality students. This is important also as all of them will serve the public in health care that is saving precious lives. It is alleged most of the students who study in these countries are of poor quality like the students of low-ranking medical colleges in India. The Indian govt. and the low pass percentage has only confirmed this allegation. 

This screening test also reveals the shortcomings and poor quality of the training and research provided by the medical colleges abroad. These students are lured by the unethical consultants who charge exorbitant fees to place these students to these colleges. No doubt these students fail to clear the screening tests despite paying so much. 

The licensing system assures that only deserving students get the license in India.  

What is the future of Indian Medical Students from Abroad? 

FMGE to NExT 2022- Studying MBBS abroad for lesser Mortals
China Medical University Classroom training

The career of Indian students who have completed an MBBS degree from abroad and want to settle in India depends on their screening test result. 

Students from the US, UK, and other countries from the west are much better off as they do not have to take this screening test. 

The new screening test prepared by the National Medical Commission; National Exit Test (NeXT) from 2022 is going to change all that. Now all the students who want to study in Indian Medical colleges after completing their MBBS from anywhere in the world will have to take NeXT for their PG.  

It all depends on how serious you are while taking medicine as your career, especially abroad. Though the standard of education, infrastructure and facilities may be excellent abroad it all depends on how serious the student is.  

Till 2018, anyone who have barely passed their 12 can get admission to these medical colleges abroad. But after 2018, the Indian government has made it compulsory for students to clear NEET and take admission abroad in medicine. 

When you go abroad for further studies you face two things; 

  • You get into a good university and come up with flying colors. 
  • You get into a bad university and are trapped for 6 years after paying a huge amount.

So, your career in Medicine depends on you. Your choice of medical college and your ability to clear the screening test after returning from abroad after completing your MBBS. 


Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career

Data entry is a computer process that converts data into information or knowledge. In today’s corporate world with cutthroat competition the need for accurate and updated data has become a critical issue for all the companies big or small.  Here is where the role of data entry clerk has become central to the process. 

What are the types of Data entry jobs? 

Since there are different types of data entry jobs the role can vary from one industry to another. Some of the types of data entry jobs are:

  • Data Entry Clerk 

This type of job involves inputting of information which can be alphabetic or numeric, from one format to another and usually by keyboarding. 

  • Data Entry Keyer 

Data entry Keyer  enters or scans figures or data into computer software systems, often from other documents such as hard copies or paper documents. 

  • Transcriptionist 

Transcriptionist is a word-based job that involves listening to recordings and transcribing the information into reports or other word documents. 

  • Word Processor/Typist

The key duty of Typist is basic typing that includes entering information for text documents, correspondence and reports. 

Who are Data entry clerks? 

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career

The Data entry clerks are valuable “behind the scenes” members of the corporate team who are responsible for inputting data from various sources into a database, ensuring that all necessary data are being entered and maintained accurately, thoroughly and timely.  The date entry clerks also must verify and edit data as needed. The data entry clerks also perform some general office tasks like scanning documents and answering phones.  

What does a Data Entry clerk do?

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career

Data entry duties and responsibilities  are the most important part of the Data entry clerk  job description. These are  


  • Review, check and process invoices for payout 


  • Index invoices and file them in the appropriate places 


  • Identify unpaid invoices and notify the appropriate parties 


  • Disperse and monitor petty cash resources 


  • Evaluate and process expense reports from employees and executives 


  • Prepare checks for disbursement 


  • Maintain accurate and thorough vendor records 


  • Evaluate and approve POs 


  • Establish positive rapport with employees and vendors 


  • Fill in on AR side when needed 


 How can you become a Data Entry Clerk? 

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career 

In order to become a Data entry clerk, you have to have certain Data entry skills and qualifications. 

This may include education, previous job experience, certifications and technical and soft skills. You may also require certain personality traits to qualify for this job. Here are a few qualifications and skills that you may require. 

  • At least 3 years data entry experience  


  • High school diploma or Bachelor’s degree in accounting or finance 


  • 10-key (Numpad) speed of at least 8,000 KPH with minimal errors 


  • Ability to maintain confidentiality in financial matters 


  • Excellent Bookkeeping and organizational skills 


  • Comfortable with accepting and applying constructive criticism 


  • Advanced mathematical skills 


  • Strong computer skills 


  • Comfortable with office equipment like computers, scanners, calculator, telephone and photocopiers. 


  • Analytical thinking 


  • Strong attention to details. 


What courses are best for Data entry clerk 

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career


Although data entry clerk positions do not require specific certifications, professionals can gain skills by enrolling in a Data entry certificate program at a technical school or college. 


Here are few of the courses related to Data entry which are also online. 


  • Data Entry Course for Beginners by Udemy 


  • Learn Data entry & launch a successful home-based business by Udemy 


  • R Programming – A Practical Approach by IIT Kanpur 


  • Excel for Everyone: Core Foundations 


  • Certificate Program in HR Analytics by Manipal Pro learn 


  • Microsoft Excel – Basic & Advanced 


  • Capstone: Analyzing (Social) Network Data by Coursera 


  • UI Design Patterns for Successful Software by Interaction Design Foundation 


  • Excel for Everyone: Core Foundations by  edx 


  • Microsoft Excel – Basic & Advanced by Go skills 


  • Domestic Data Entry Operator- Hindi by Skills India  


Scope of Data entry clerk 

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career

Data entry in India is a fast-growing industry. It is a preferred destination for IT and IT related business. 

Since India is an IT hub of the world and a preferred destination for IT and IT related business, there is a tremendous scope for Data entry clerks in India. Data plays a fundamental role in the IT sector and is a critical area that demands expertise of a Data entry clerk. Skilled data entry processes can streamline your business and help it move more seamlessly, saving time, money and giving you a competitive edge in the market. 

Data entry in India encompasses a broad range of services like basic data entry, data processing, data conversion, database entry, image entry, data entry online, based on survey, company reports, insurance claims etc. 

There are different data entry scenarios: 


  • Creation of data representation through manual data entry procedures 


  • Changing pattern of data from existing representatives 


  •  Identification of specific patterns of online data and extraction through automated processes 


  • Intelligent data entry – An approach towards the goal of understanding human thinking.  


  • Data entry online. 

What are the Benefits of Data Entry? 

The benefits of Data entry are given below: 


  • Data entry helps in the process of research & analysis 


  • Data entry helps in generating information from across the web 


  • Conversion of raw data into digital data is done through data entry. This digital data can be processes in various industrial sectors 


  • It helps in electronic word processing. 


  • Online data entry can be made use of in some cases for data retrieval. 


  • Data entry Facilitates data migration. A company can upgrade or make relevant changes to the data.


Where can you find jobs for Data entry clerks? 

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career


If you have great keyboarding skills and other qualifications as stated above data entry may be a solid career for you to consider. Data entry clerk jobs can take you into variety of industries as employers across many sectors hire for these positions. 

Industries that hire Data entry clerks 

  • Medical and Health

The employers include hospitals, medical centers and diagnostic labs and clinics. 

  • Administrative 

Data entry clerks can work in office Settings. They can also required to do other office jobs like answering phones or performing receptionist duties. 

  • Accounting and Finance 

Financial institutions also hire data entry clerks that deal with tax preparation, auditing, corporate finances, payroll and accounts payable. 

  • Government and Politics 

Local and state governments as well as the central government hire data entry clerks for public record keeping for elections.

  • Retail and Sales 

Inventory, online sales, collection and logistics all ply a major role in retail and sales. The employers in these industries hire for data entry jobs. 


Data entry jobs Websites

In case you are looking for a career as a Data entry clerk, here is the collection of data entry jobs sites where you can work and earn. Here is the best online job for Data entry for 2022: 

  • Mega Typers 

Mega Typers offers data entry services to private and governmental institutions. This website provides services such as Image-to-text recognition, transcription from voice to text and data entry.  

This website is most suitable for students, people in between jobs and parents that need supplementary income. You can earn around USD 250 per month and receive through Debit cards, PayPal Web Money, Ayza, and Western Union. 

  • Scribie 

Scribie offers translation, transcription and data entry services to businesses at affordable prices. If you are really interested in becoming a data entry professional, this transcription and data entry site is the right one. 

You can earn a decent amount of money here. But you must be fluent in English language.  

Your job responsibilities include audio files into text, verifying the transcript matches the audio, correctly identifying each speaker in the transcript and label them and correct spelling, punctuation, grammatical mistakes in the transcript.

  • Lion Bridge 

Lion bridge connects the experts from their respective fields with the brands and companies. To find jobs on Lionbridge you need to create your free account. You can browse data entry jobs, data annotation jobs, online translation jobs and many more. 

The website offers you flexible working hours, steady income, and jobs in over 300 languages from around the world. 

  • MTurk 

Amazon Mechanical Turk or MTurk is a crowdsourcing platform of Amazon and one of the top legit online data entry jobs’ sites. It is an internationally trusted brand that guarantees payment on time. It makes it easier for individuals and businesses to outsource their processes and connect through virtual jobs. 

You can find various online jobs such as data entry jobs, data processing and analysis jobs that you can complete from your home. 

  • Transcribe Me 

Transcribe Me is a platform that connects businesses with employees and vice-versa. If you are interested in online jobs such as data entry, data transcription, and data translation jobs Transcribe Me is a a right kind of place.

  • REV 

Rev is one of the top 10 data entry jobs sites that bridge the gap between skilled freelancers and customers. 

Rev is widely acclaimed by brands such as Forbes and The New York Times. It offers people freedom to work from home. You can work on schedule and get paid weekly. 

You can join as a freelancer and find hundreds of jobs in data entry, transcription, foreign subtitles and live captions for zoom. 

  • Fiverr 

Fiverr is yet another top 10 online data entry jobs sites for freelancers.

You have to create a freelancer account with your details. You need to regularly update your details so the employers and businesses can approach you for the work of data entry, and transcription jobs. 

  • Upwork 

In Upwork you can browse from more than 5838 remote data entry jobs sites. You need to create your free account and apply as a freelancer. 

Once you have created your profile, you can browse and apply from a pool of jobs available on the platform. 

  • is one of the top 10 data entry job sites in India with more than 15,170 data entry job openings. You can directly search your job through a keyword. 

You can check job details such a s your roles and responsibilities. You can check the company’s details, position, experience, location and skills required. 

  • Indeed 

Indeed is one of the best online data entry jobs websites with over 250 million per month visitors. This website is widely acclaimed by top recruiters worldwide. You can search for jobs using keywords and the location. 

  • Freelancer 

Freelancer is a platform that connects freelancers with businesses. You can find several online data entry jobs on freelancer within minutes using keywords. 

You can use advanced filters such as skills, languages to find your preferred jobs in just few clicks. 

  • Click worker 

Click worker is regarded as one of the best independent contractors’ platforms offering a wide range of services. 

Click worker also offers data entry services and provides data entry jobs to interested applicants. Thus, you can do data entry jobs along with other related jobs such as copy editing, proofreading and so on. 

What is the average salary of a Data entry clerk? 

In India the average  data entry clerk salary in India  is Rs 180,000 per year or Rs 92.31 per hour. At the entry level you can earn Rs 156,000 per year which can later increase to Rs 289,8000 per year as you gain experience. 

Here is the list of salary structures for data entry clerks based on sampling. 


Job Title  Salary 
Online Data Entry Job Data Entry salaries – 99 salaries reported  ₹17,500/mo. 
Fresher Data Entry salaries – 70 salaries reported  ₹15,552/mo. 
Freelancer Data Entry salaries – 56 salaries reported  ₹118/hr. 


What is the future for Data entry Clerks? 

Data entry clerk 2022- Your entry into a Dynamic Career

As the economy continues to grow the demand for data entry clerks and other professionals will continue to rise. Data entry jobs can be found everywhere in part-time, freelance, temporary, and full-time roles across various fields.

Automation and Manual data entry has to coexist. Automation is spawning data entry and causing major technological disruption in this domain. According to a report published by Garner, the AI-derived value would reach 3.9 trillion dollars by 2022.